Les effets de genre de la séparation sur l’endettement des hommes et des femmes en Suisse : une analyse longitudinale

TitreLes effets de genre de la séparation sur l’endettement des hommes et des femmes en Suisse : une analyse longitudinale
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursWernli, B, Henchoz, C
JournalRecherches familiales
Volume1
Nombre15
Pagination77–94
ISSN1763-718X
Résumé

Alors qu’en France comme en Suisse plus de 40 mariages sur 100 s’achèvent par un divorce, on en sait encore peu sur les conséquences d’une séparation sur l’endettement individuel. Cette étude longitudinale fondée sur les données du panel suisse de ménages rend compte des risques accrus d’endettement global pour les parents ainsi que pour les personnes qui conservent un lien de codépendance économique après la séparation. Elle relève les effets négatifs cumulés de la séparation pour les pères séparés qui obéissent au modèle familial et de rupture dominant. Elle souligne également les conséquences plus contrastées de la séparation sur l’endettement des femmes, certaines parvenant à entrer dans une logique d’émancipation financière en se libérant de leurs arriérés de paiement alors que d’autres gèrent leurs dettes au prix d’importantes difficultés économiques mais sans que cela n’affecte forcément leur niveau de satisfaction.

URLhttps://www.cairn.info/revue-recherches-familiales-2018-1-page-77.htm
DOI10.3917/rf.015.0077

Le temps partiel, un "ami" qui vous veut du bien? Les effets du temps partiel sur différentes dimensions de la vie quotidienne

TitreLe temps partiel, un "ami" qui vous veut du bien? Les effets du temps partiel sur différentes dimensions de la vie quotidienne
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursHenchoz, C, Wernli, B
ÉditeurKrone-Germann, I, Guénette, AMax
Book TitleLe partage d'emploi - Job sharing. Nouvelles opportunités et défis du travail
Series TitleConception et dynamique des organisations
Pagination261–276
PublisherL'Harmattan
Place PublishedParis, France

How does transitioning into retirement impact the individual emotional system? Evidence from the Swiss context

TitreHow does transitioning into retirement impact the individual emotional system? Evidence from the Swiss context
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursRyser, V-A, Wernli, B
JournalAdvances in Life Course Research
Volume32
Pagination42–54
ISSN1040-2608
Mots-cléslife course, Positive and negative affects, retirement, social participation, working conditions
Résumé

This article aims to document, from a life course perspective, the impact and timing of the transition to retirement on individuals’ emotions—i.e., positive and negative affects—while taking into account their working conditions prior to retirement, and their social participation. Based on the Swiss Household Panel (SHP) dataset, a representative sample of individuals living in Switzerland, results demonstrate that working conditions play a key role in shaping individuals’ affective well-being after retirement. Positive work identification is detrimental to affective dimensions after retirement; conversely precarious working conditions before retirement increase positive affects after retirement. Nevertheless, to a lesser extent, the timing of retirement and the capacity of individuals to endorse different roles through social participation also tend to affect the level of affective well-being. Early retirement decreases negative affects, whereas satisfaction with leisure activities upon retirement increases positive affects for men. Finally, these results highlight the heterogeneity in the transition to retirement and the necessity of considering the wide variety of preretirement professional trajectories in the Swiss context.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040260816300491
DOI10.1016/j.alcr.2016.08.001
Short TitleHow does transitioning into retirement impact the individual emotional system?

Les conséquences financières du départ du foyer parental. Une analyse longitudinale des données du Panel suisse de ménages

TitreLes conséquences financières du départ du foyer parental. Une analyse longitudinale des données du Panel suisse de ménages
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuteursWernli, B, Henchoz, C
JournalSchweizerische Zeitschrift für Soziologie. Revue suisse de sociologie
Volume41
Nombre2
Pagination311–328
Short TitleLes conséquences financières du départ du foyer parental

Fathers on leave alone in Switzerland: Agents of social change?

TitreFathers on leave alone in Switzerland: Agents of social change?
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursValarino, I
ÉditeurO'Brien, M, Wall, K
Book TitleComparative Perspectives on Work-Life Balance and Gender Equality: Fathers on leave alone
Series TitleLife Course Research and Social Policies
Chapter12
Pagination205–230
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
ISBN Number978-3-319-42968-7 978-3-319-42970-0
Résumé

Switzerland represents a unique case in the European landscape of leave policies. A minimal maternity insurance was implemented in 2005 and to this day, there is no statutory parental or paternity leave. This study uncovers the experience of pioneer fathers in Switzerland who nonetheless took leave in order to care alone for their child during at least 1 month. It analyzes the implications of leave uptake for fatherhood and gender equality, relying on 13 qualitative interviews conducted mainly in the French-speaking part of Switzerland.Results show there are four different leave uptake situations. Firstly, men may take an unpaid parental leave in agreement with their employer or based on collective agreements. Secondly, companies may also have implemented a paid paternity leave, entailing job protection and salary payment. Thirdly, men may take leave in a more individualized way, for instance by making a career break. Fourthly they may benefit from unemployment insurance while caring for their children. Taking leave therefore almost always comes at a price, which explains why this is a rare phenomenon in Switzerland, observed mainly among well-educated and resourceful households.Across these leave uptake situations, fathers report a positive as well as challenging experience during which they cared intensively for their children, yet mostly in a part-time manner. There is a mixed picture regarding the long-term implications for gender equality, as only about half of interviewees have adopted a gender equal division of paid and unpaid work. Finally, the study emphasizes the societal impact of men on leave alone in Switzerland. Because they embody—sometimes in an activist way—involved fatherhood in public spaces and in work organizations, they can be viewed as agents of social change who redefine the cultural meaning of fatherhood.

URLhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-42970-0_12
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-42970-0_12

Collective victimhood and acknowledgement of outgroup suffering across history: Majority and minority perspectives

TitreCollective victimhood and acknowledgement of outgroup suffering across history: Majority and minority perspectives
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursGreen, EGT, Visintin, EPaolo, Hristova, A, Bozhanova, A, Pereira, A, Staerklé, C
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Volume47
Nombre2
Pagination228–240
ISSN00462772
Mots-clésacknowledgment of outgroup suffering, Bulgaria, collective guilt, collective victimhood, group-based forgiveness, historical memory
Résumé

This paper examines how temporally differentiated representations of ingroup victimhood and acknowledgment of outgroup suffering relate to present intergroup attitudes. A mixed‐methods research was conducted in Bulgaria where both the ethnic majority and the Bulgarian Turkish minority can be viewed as victims and perpetrators in the past. Multigroup path models (Study 1) revealed that for the majority (N = 192) collective victimhood was positively related to social distance through reduced forgiveness and through reduced collective guilt for a different historical era. Acknowledgment of outgroup suffering, in turn, was associated with reduced social distance through heightened guilt and through forgiveness for another era. Among the Bulgarian Turks (N = 160), the result pattern differed. Collective victimhood was unrelated to forgiveness. Moreover, the relationship between guilt and social distance was positive. Semi‐directive interviews (Study 2) revealed different meanings attributed to the events by the two groups. The impact of intertwined historical representations on current‐day prejudice is discussed in light of power asymmetry between groups.

URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ejsp.2237
DOI10.1002/ejsp.2237

National identification counteracts the sedative effect of positive intergroup contact on ethnic activism

TitreNational identification counteracts the sedative effect of positive intergroup contact on ethnic activism
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursPereira, A, Green, EGT, Visintin, EPaolo
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume8
Pagination1-10
ISSN1664-1078
Mots-clésethnic identification, intergroup contact, minority activism, national identification, Roma
Résumé

Positive intergroup contact with socially and economically advantaged national majorities has been shown to reduce ethnic identification among minorities, thereby undermining ethnic minority activism. This finding implies that ethnic identity is the relevant social identity driving ethnic minorities’ struggle for equality. We argue that the study of the “sedating” effect of positive intergroup contact for minorities should be more nuanced. The existence of multiple and sometimes interplaying social identities can foster a reinterpretation of the meaning of “ethnic” activism. This study therefore examines how the interplay of ethnic and national identities shapes the sedating effect of contact on minority activism. We expect national identification to buffer the sedated activism resulting from reduced ethnic identification. That is, the mediation from intergroup contact to reduced ethnic activism through weakened ethnic identification is expected to be moderated by national identification. With survey data from Bulgaria, we investigated support for ethnic activism among Bulgarian Roma (N D 320) as a function of their contact with the national majority as well as their degree of ethnic and national identification. The predicted moderated mediation was revealed: a negative indirect relationship between contact and activism through decreased ethnic identification occurred among Roma with low national identification, whereas no sedating effect occurred among Roma identifying strongly as members of the Bulgarian nation. We discuss the meaning of national identification for the Roma minority, who experience harsh discrimination in countries where they have been historically settled, as well as convergence of these findings with work on dual identification. We highlight the role of interacting social identities in mobilizing resources for activism and the importance of adopting a critical view on ethnic discourse when studying activism in both traditional and immigrant minorities.

URLhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00477/full
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00477

Competition- and identity-based roots of anti-immigration prejudice among individuals with and without an immigrant background

TitreCompetition- and identity-based roots of anti-immigration prejudice among individuals with and without an immigrant background
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursSarrasin, O, Green, EGT, Bolzman, C, Visintin, EPaolo, Politi, E
JournalInternational Review of Social Psychology
Volume31
Nombre1
Pagination1-12
ISSN2397-8570
Mots-clésimmigration; prejudice; immigrant background; threat; national identification; nationalism
Résumé

Most social psychological research on anti-immigration prejudice has examined the point of view of the national ingroup—generally defined as the citizens of the country under consideration—toward immigrant outgroups. Threat perceptions related to immigration as well as national identification have been shown to underlie negative attitudes. Whether these two factors also explain attitudes among individuals sharing characteristics with the immigrants remains largely unstudied. To fill this gap, the present research examines perceived threat, national identification, and different facets of anti-immigration prejudice among Swiss residents with and without an immigrant background. Results of a path model conducted on data from the International Social Survey Programme 2013 (N = 1,198) showed that, as expected, natives reported higher levels of prejudice than both citizens of foreign descent and immigrants. While group differences in prejudice were in part explained by differences in threat perceptions, the role of national identification was more nuanced. Altogether, these findings suggest that social psychological research should go beyond simplistic “national ingroup vs. immigrant outgroup” conceptualisations when examining anti-immigration prejudice.

URLhttp://www.rips-irsp.com/articles/10.5334/irsp.155/
DOI10.5334/irsp.155

The role of multicultural and colorblind ideologies and typicality in imagined contact interventions

TitreThe role of multicultural and colorblind ideologies and typicality in imagined contact interventions
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursVisintin, EPaolo, Birtel, MDenise, Crisp, RJ
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Volume59
Pagination1–8
ISSN01471767
Résumé

Recent studies have demonstrated that simply imagining a positive interaction with an outgroup member reduces prejudice, especially if the outgroup member is typical of the whole outgroup. In this research, we tested how a multicultural vs. colorblind mindset might impact the efficacy of imagined contact with a typical or atypical outgroup member. Specifically, we tested the interactive effects between ideologies (multiculturalism vs. colorblindness) and the typicality of the outgroup member (typical vs. atypical) in the imagined encounter. Results revealed that participants exposed to the multicultural ideology who imagined an encounter with an atypical outgroup member expressed fewer positive perceptions (warmth and competence) toward both primary and secondary outgroups compared with respondents exposed to the multicultural ideology who imagined an interaction with a typical outgroup member, and compared with respondents exposed to a colorblind ideology (irrespective of typicality of the outgroup member). The study highlights the importance of considering the interaction between cultural ideologies and typicality during intergroup contact when designing interventions aimed at promoting positive intergroup perceptions.

URLhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0147176716301535
DOI10.1016/j.ijintrel.2017.04.010

How positive and negative contact relate to attitudes towards Roma: Comparing majority and high-status minority perspectives

TitreHow positive and negative contact relate to attitudes towards Roma: Comparing majority and high-status minority perspectives
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursVisintin, EPaolo, Green, EGT, Pereira, A, Miteva, P
JournalJournal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
Volume27
Nombre3
Pagination240–252
ISSN10529284
Mots-clésintergroup contact, intergroup emotions, interminority relations, negative contact, prejudice, Roma
Résumé

Intergroup contact scholars have recently called for analyzing the effects of negative intergroup contact. In response to this call, we examined the correlates of positive and negative contact with one of the most stigmatized ethnic minorities, that is, Roma. We conducted a study in Bulgaria considering the point of view of the ethnic Bulgarian majority (n = 516) and of Bulgarian Turks (n = 274), an ethnic minority with higher status compared to Roma. Regression analyses showed that positive contact was associated with reduced prejudice and more support for pro‐Roma policies, while negative contact revealed the opposite pattern. These associations did not differ between ethnic Bulgarians and Bulgarian Turks. Moreover, positive and negative intergroup emotions mediated the relationships between positive and negative contact on the one hand and prejudice and policy support on the other. Our study highlights the importance of emotional processes involved in positive and negative intergroup contact experiences and encourages future research to analyze how absolute versus relative status differences shape the effects of positive and negative contact in complex hierarchical societies.

URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/casp.2309
DOI10.1002/casp.2309
Short TitleHow positive and negative contact relate to attitudes towards Roma

Direct, extended, and mass-mediated contact with immigrants in Italy: their associations with emotions, prejudice, and humanity perceptions: Different types of intergroup contact and prejudice

TitreDirect, extended, and mass-mediated contact with immigrants in Italy: their associations with emotions, prejudice, and humanity perceptions: Different types of intergroup contact and prejudice
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuteursVisintin, EPaolo, Voci, A, Pagotto, L, Hewstone, M
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume47
Nombre4
Pagination175–194
ISSN00219029
Mots-clésdirect contact, extended contact, infrahumanization, intergroup contact, intergroup emotions, mass media, negative contact, positive contact, prejudice
Résumé

Two correlational studies investigated the associations between different forms of intergroup
contact, on the one hand, and Italians’ prejudice and humanity attributions toward immigrants
in Italy, on the other. Study 1 examined the effects of direct contact, extended contact and
parasocial contact through mass-media, assessing separately contact through TV news and
newspapers and contact through entertainment programs. Study 2 analyzed the distinct effects
of positive and negative episodes of the contact forms considered in Study 1. Across the
studies, we tested the mediational role of intergroup anxiety, empathy, and trust. Overall,
results showed the importance of taking into account different forms of contact and
considering the emotional processes during contact experiences to understand intergroup
attitudes.

URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jasp.12423
DOI10.1111/jasp.12423

The dynamics of youth policies in Switzerland: between participation and activation

TitreThe dynamics of youth policies in Switzerland: between participation and activation
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursDahmen, S, Bonvin, J-M, Beuret, B
ÉditeurOtto, H-U, Egdell, V, Bonvin, J-M, Atzmüller, R, Kepler, J
Book TitleEmpowering Young People in Disempowering Times
Chapter8
Pagination144–159
PublisherEdward Elgar
Place PublishedCheltenham, UK

Introduction: Empowering young people in disempowering times? Creating collaborative and transformative capabilities through participation

TitreIntroduction: Empowering young people in disempowering times? Creating collaborative and transformative capabilities through participation
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursOtto, H-U, Bonvin, J-M, Atzmüller, R
ÉditeurOtto, H-U, Egdell, V, Bonvin, J-M, Atzmüller, R, Kepler, J
Book TitleEmpowering Young People in Disempowering Times
Pagination1–20
PublisherEdward Elgar
Place PublishedCheltenham, UK

Improving the quality of life of disadvantaged young people in Europe

TitreImproving the quality of life of disadvantaged young people in Europe
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursAcconcia, G, Bonvin, J-M
ÉditeurOtto, H-U, Egdell, V, Bonvin, J-M, Atzmüller, R, Kepler, J
Book TitleEmpowering Young People in Disempowering Times
Chapter15
Pagination251–262
PublisherEdward Elgar
Place PublishedCheltenham, UK
Résumé

Bonvin

Analyzing inequality and disadvantadge from a capability perspective

TitreAnalyzing inequality and disadvantadge from a capability perspective
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2017
AuteursBonvin, J-M, Beuret, B, Dahmen, S
ÉditeurOtto, H-U, Egdell, V, Bonvin, J-M, Atzmüller, R, Kepler, J
Book TitleEmpowering Young People in Disempowering Times
Chapter1
Pagination23–38
PublisherEdward Elgar
Place PublishedCheltenham, UK

Deliberative democracy in the real world, the contribution of the capability approach

TitreDeliberative democracy in the real world, the contribution of the capability approach
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBonvin, J-M, Laruffa, F
JournalInternational Review of Sociology
Volume28
Nombre2
Pagination216–233
ISSN0390-6701, 1469-9273
Mots-clésCapability approach; positional objectivity; conversion; markets; deliberative democracy
Résumé

Drawing on Amartya Sen’s writings, this article presents the capability approach to democracy and shows its relevance for the sociological reflection and research on democratic processes conceived as ways to convert individual preferences into collective norms or decisions. Two moments are key in this respect: the formation of individual preferences and their translation into collective norms in the course of public debates. The initial sections present Sen’s conception of democracy, particularly emphasizing its articulation with the notions of ‘positional objectivity’ and ‘conversion’. Then, this conception is compared with two other mechanisms that may be used to coordinate individual decisions or preferences, namely the market and idealistic views on deliberative democracy. The article emphasizes how the capability approach departs from these two conceptions with regard to the two key concepts of capacity to aspire and capability for voice. The final section shows how Sen’s notion of democracy may open up a new field for research, namely the sociological investigation of the informational (or knowledge) basis of democracy.

URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03906701.2018.1477101
DOI10.1080/03906701.2018.1477101

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