Marseille années 68

TitreMarseille années 68
Type de publicationBook
Year of Publication2018
AuteursSommier, I, Filleule, O
PublisherPresses de Sciences Po
Place PublishedParis, France
ISBN Number978-2-7246-2225-6
Notes

OCLC: 1079373187

The ‘compliant’, the ‘pacified’ and the ‘rebel’: Experiences with swiss disability insurance

TitreThe ‘compliant’, the ‘pacified’ and the ‘rebel’: Experiences with swiss disability insurance
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursPiecek, M, Tabin, J-P, Perrin, C, Probst, I
JournalDisability & Society
ISSN0968-7599, 1360-0508
URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09687599.2018.1545115
DOI10.1080/09687599.2018.1545115

War experiences and emerging rights claims in postwar former yugoslavia: The role of generalized conflict exposure and collective anomie

TitreWar experiences and emerging rights claims in postwar former yugoslavia: The role of generalized conflict exposure and collective anomie
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursSpini, D, Morselli, D, Elcheroth, G
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
ISSN00462772
URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ejsp.2549
DOI10.1002/ejsp.2549

Income inequality, perceived competitiveness, and approach-avoidance motivation

TitreIncome inequality, perceived competitiveness, and approach-avoidance motivation
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursSommet, N, Elliot, AJ, Jamieson, JP, Butera, F
JournalJournal of Personality
ISSN00223506
URLhttp://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jopy.12432
DOI10.1111/jopy.12432

Income inequality affects the psychological health of only the people facing scarcity

TitreIncome inequality affects the psychological health of only the people facing scarcity
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursSommet, N, Morselli, D, Spini, D
JournalPsychological Science
Volume29
Nombre12
Pagination1911–1921
ISSN0956-7976, 1467-9280
URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0956797618798620
DOI10.1177/0956797618798620

Developing attitude measures based on respondents’ representations of unfamiliar objects: An application to attitudes toward biodiversity

TitreDeveloping attitude measures based on respondents’ representations of unfamiliar objects: An application to attitudes toward biodiversity
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursEisner, L, Clémence, A, Roberts, C, Joost, S, Theler, J-M
JournalField Methods
Volume31
Nombre1
Pagination56–75
ISSN1525-822X, 1552-3969
URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1525822X18797280
DOI10.1177/1525822X18797280

20 years in the world of work: A study of (nonstandard) occupational trajectories and health

Titre20 years in the world of work: A study of (nonstandard) occupational trajectories and health
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursGiudici, F, Morselli, D
JournalSocial Science & Medicine
Volume224
Pagination138–148
ISSN02779536
URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0277953619300619
DOI10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.002

Feeling interpersonally controlled while pursuing materialistic goals: A problematic combination for moral behavior

TitreFeeling interpersonally controlled while pursuing materialistic goals: A problematic combination for moral behavior
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursSheldon, KM, Sommet, N, Corcoran, M, Elliot, AJ
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume44
Nombre9
Pagination1330–1349
ISSN0146-1672, 1552-7433
URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0146167218766863
DOI10.1177/0146167218766863

DAISIE - OECD Policy Recommendations on Extending Working Lives

TitreDAISIE - OECD Policy Recommendations on Extending Working Lives
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursLéime, ÁNí
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume77.5
Pagination1-15
Date Published05/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésExtended working life, gender, OECD, Pensions
Résumé

This Working Paper presents an overview of the OECD’s approach to extended working life, in relation to pensions and employment policy. It briefly outlines the role of the OECD and traces the evolution of OECD policy recommendations on extended working life from 2005 onwards to 2018. It discusses how the OECD recommends policies targeted at governments in terms of pension reforms including raising state pension age and linking pension amounts more closely to earnings, and anti-discrimination legislation; at employers and at improving the employability of older workers. The series of publications Pensions at a Glance, published biennially from 2005 to 2017 contains very little explicit reference to gender inequalities in pensions or indeed to
women, apart from some references to family responsibilities. The 2015 report included a chapter on how incomplete careers affect pension entitlements. The critique of the OECD’s approach from a gender perspective in the academic literature is discussed. It is recommended that the OECD conduct gender-proofing to assess the implications of extended working life policy (OECD, 2017b).

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.77.5

DAISIE - Country report: Czech Republic

TitreDAISIE - Country report: Czech Republic
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursKřížková, A, Dudová, R
Secondary AuthorsRašticová, M, Bédiová, M
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume77.4
Pagination1-23
Date Published05/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésageing, Czech Republic, employment, Extending working life, gender, Pensions, retirement
Résumé

Policies aimed at extending working lives (EWL) have only been introduced in the Czech Republic over the last 15 years. This report first describes the situation of the 50+ age group in the Czech labour market. In the second part, it maps retirement, employment, pension and other relevant policies in the Czech Republic as well as policy documents supporting active ageing. In
conclusion, the authors suggest that the real or potential impact of EWL policies on the situation of women and men aged 50+ should be approached from an intersectional gender and age
perspective.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.77.4

DAISIE - Country report: United Kingdom

TitreDAISIE - Country report: United Kingdom
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursJandrić, J, Airey, L, Loretto, W
Secondary AuthorsVickerstaff, S
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume77.3
Pagination1-32
Date Published05/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésEmployment policy, Extended working life, gender, Pensions, retirement, State pension age, UK
Résumé

In recent decades, the extension of working life has become a priority for policy makers in the UK. An ageing population, combined with steady increases in life expectancy, have led to a dramatic growth in the proportion of adults above State Pension age, alongside a shrinkage in the number of working-age adults. This has led to government concerns regarding not only the cost of funding State Pensions, but also the skills shortages that have resulted from the loss of older adults from the labour market via retirement. Successive UK governments have implemented a range of measures designed to encourage individuals to continue in paid work for longer. The tone of policy discourse has shifted towards the individual, with a growing emphasis on the need for individual workers to take responsibility for financial planning for their own retirement.

In this report, we consider and discuss extended working life (EWL) policies in light of current academic research. We start by presenting statistical data on UK employment rates, in order to outline the trends in age, gender and employment in recent decades. We then discuss six policy areas related to extending working life. First, we compare women and men’s participation in the labour market over the life-course. Second, policy changes related to age are discussed, including age discrimination legislation and changes to State Pension age. Third, we consider changes to social security benefits. Fourth, we provide an overview of the UK pensions system, including recent changes to the system, the introduction of occupational pensions and autoenrolment, and opportunities for combining pensions and working. Fifth, we discuss policies related to family and caring (including grandparents’ leave). Sixth, we consider flexible work policies in the context of later-life working. The report concludes with a discussion on the potential gaps in research on extending working lives in the UK national context.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.77.3

DAISIE - Country report: Ireland

TitreDAISIE - Country report: Ireland
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursLéime, ÁNí, Duvvury, N
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume77.2
Pagination1-28
Date Published05/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésEmployment policy, Extended working life, gender, health, Pensions, precarity
Résumé

This paper presents a discussion of the gender and health impacts of extended working life policies in Ireland. It gives an overview of gendered working patterns in Ireland, focusing particularly on older workers and giving an outline of some of the historical policies that affected women earlier in their working lives, adopting a lifecourse approach in order to account for gender pension and unemployment inequalities. This is followed by an overview of the pension system in Ireland and of gendered patterns and level of coverage. This is followed by a discussion of the policies that have been introduced to extend working life and related pension reforms including health related employment measures and family friendly policies and the gendered division of care labour. There is a brief synopsis of the media debate in Ireland on extended working life policies and pension reforms particularly those related to gender. There is a discussion of the policy and academic literature in gender and extended working life including that on health and precarious employment.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.77.2

DAISIE - Country report: Switzerland

TitreDAISIE - Country report: Switzerland
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursLe Feuvre, N
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume77.1
Pagination1-45
Date Published05/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésageing, discrimination, employment, Extending working life, gender, Pensions, retirement, Switzerland, working conditions
Résumé

The DAISIE project explores the gendered impacts of policies and practices aimed at extending working life (EWL) in five contrasting national settings (the Czech Republic, Ireland, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK), using a mixed methods research design inspired by insights from lifecourse
and gender studies. The project addresses two significant and timely issues: labour market participation in later life and the influence of labour market and family trajectories on the experiences of older workers in different national and occupational contexts.

This report explores the issue of extending working life in the Swiss context. It begins be mapping the employment patterns of older workers (50+), insisting on the differences in employment histories, working conditions and the transition to employment that are associated with the normative expectations of the dominant “modified male breadwinner” Swiss gender model. The report then goes on to present the three-tier Swiss pension regime and to analyse the consequences of recent – or proposed - policy reforms to this system. It insists on the huge pension gender gap in the Swiss context and analyses the consequences of this gap for the experiences of older workers from different social backgrounds.

The report concludes by summing up the important features of the EWL debate in Switzerland from a gender perspective and identifying gaps in the current state of research on this topic.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.77.1

Obdachlosigkeit, Wohnungslosigkeit und Prekäres wohnen. Ausmass, Profil und Bedarf in der Region Basel

TitreObdachlosigkeit, Wohnungslosigkeit und Prekäres wohnen. Ausmass, Profil und Bedarf in der Region Basel
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursDrilling, M
Secondary AuthorsDittmann, J, Bischoff, T
Tertiary AuthorsTemesvary, Z
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume76
Pagination1-65
Date Published04/2019
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésArmut, Obdachlosigkeit, Wohnungslosigkeit
Résumé

Über Ausmass und Struktur von Obdachlosigkeit in der Schweiz gibt es aktuell wenig empirische Erkenntnisse. Mit der vorliegenden Studie wurde am Beispiel der Region Basel erstmals für die Schweiz die europäische Typologie für Obdachlosigkeit, Wohnungslosigkeit und prekäre Wohnversorgung (ETHOS) angewendet und die Quantität, Qualität und Dynamik der Thematik erforscht. Methodisch baut die Studie auf einem Methodenmix auf: (1) stichtagsbezogene Nutzendenbefragung in 12 Einrichtungen der Obdachlosenhilfe (2) ethnographische Ansätze in vier dieser Einrichtungen während mehrerer Monate, (3) teilstrukturierte Interviews mit ExpertInnen, (4) Auswertung von Statistiken der Einrichtungen.
Auf Basis der stichtagsbezogenen Nutzendenbefragung und unter Hinzuziehung der Ergebnisse einer Nachtzählung sowie der Statistik der Notschlafstelle ermittelt die Studie zum Zeitpunkt der Befragung rund 100 obdachlose Menschen in Basel. Von den 469 Befragten fallen insgesamt 206 unter die Kategorien Obdachlosigkeit, Wohnungslosigkeit, ungesichertes Wohnen oder unzureichendes Wohnen. Aus der dynamischen Analyse resultiert, dass mit 362 Befragten rund 77% aller 469 Personen mindestens einmal in ihrem Leben obdachlos, wohnungslos oder in einer unzureichenden oder ungesicherten Wohnsituation waren oder es noch sind. Zudem zeigt sich eine hohe Zahl von Nutzenden aus den zentral- und osteuropäischen Ländern und eine eher geringe Zahl von Personen, die im Asylwesen betreut werden. Entsprechende an den Auftraggeber der Studie gerichtete Empfehlungen schlagen Veränderungen in der Vergabepraxis von Notschlafplätzen vor, diskutieren eine Housing-First Strategie und weisen auf den engen Zusammenhang von Obdachlosigkeit mit dem städtischen Wohnbestand hin.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.76

The male marriage premium: selection, productivity, or employer preferences? Evidence from panel data and a survey experiment

TitreThe male marriage premium: selection, productivity, or employer preferences? Evidence from panel data and a survey experiment
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuteursMcDonald, P
JournalLIVES Working paper
Volume75
Pagination1-38
Date Published03/2019
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésemployer preferences, labour market, Male marriage premium, productivity, selection, survey experiment data
Résumé

Survey evidence finds a wage premium for married men over single in most of the western world. Three key theories are put forward as an explanation: 1) marriage makes men more productive and therefore increases their wages; 2) men with higher labour-market productivity, and therefore higher wages, are more likely to be married; 3) employers simply favour married men over unmarried. We use a two-step analysis to test these three theories. In the first step, we analyse national panel data from Switzerland to pinpoint the part of the penalty due to either productivity or selection. We use entropy balancing to match never-married men to married on a set of pre-labour market covariates, thus isolating the selection effect, before we perform fixed effects regressions for productivity effects and to uncover any unexplained residual. We find a premium for married men of 5%, much of which is explained by selection. Next, we seek to uncover employer preferences by using a factorial survey experiment among HR managers (N = 714) in Switzerland. We ask the managers to assign wages to the CVs of fictional job candidates, who vary randomly on their civil status, amongst other characteristics. We can therefore identify employers’ preferences concerning married and unmarried men. We find that recruiters assign a small premium to married men, contingent on the job applied for. Overall, the premiums we find are lower than those previously reported in the literature.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2019.75

The heterogeneity of disability trajectories in later life: Dynamics of activities of daily living performance among nursing home residents

TitreThe heterogeneity of disability trajectories in later life: Dynamics of activities of daily living performance among nursing home residents
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursBolano, D, Berchtold, A, Burge, E
JournalJournal of Aging & Health
Mots-clésADL trajectories, longitudinal analysis, multi-state model, nursing home resident, variability disability trajectories
Résumé

Objective: This study investigated the variability in activities of daily living (ADL) trajectories among 6,155 nursing home residents using unique and rich observational data. Method: The impairment in ADL performance was considered as a dynamic process in a multi-state framework. Using an innovative mixture model, such states were not defined a priori but inferred from the data. Results: The process of change in functional health differed among residents. We identified four latent regimes: stability or slight deterioration, relevant change, variability, and recovery. Impaired body functions and poor physical performance were main risk factors associated with degradation in functional health. Discussion: The evolution of disability in later life is not completely gradual or homogeneous. Steep deterioration in functional health can be followed by periods of stability or even recovery. The current condition can be used to successfully predict the evolution of ADL allowing to set and target different care priorities and practices.

URLhttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0898264318776071
DOI10.1177/0898264318776071
Short TitleThe heterogeneity of disability trajectories in later life

Social and productive activities and health among partnered older adults: A couple-level analysis

TitreSocial and productive activities and health among partnered older adults: A couple-level analysis
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursLam, J, Bolano, D
JournalSocial Science & Medicine
Mots-clésactive ageing, Asia Pacific, health, Latent class models, Older couples
Résumé

Objectives: We theorize and test the health of older adults as a result of their activity engagement, as well as a product of their spouse's engagement. Method: We draw on 15 waves of couple-level data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey. Using responses of time engaged in nine different activities, we estimate Latent Class Models to describe activity profiles of partnered older adults. Given potential health selections into activity engagement, we lag older adults' activity engagement by one wave to examine its association with subsequent health. We then investigate associations between the lag of the spouse's activities with respondents' health, controlling for their own activity engagement at the previous wave. Result: We find four activity profiles for men, and three for women. Respondents who were predominantly engaged in community activities generally report better subsequent health. Beyond their own activity engagement, for both older men and women, having a partner who was also community engaged associate with better subsequent health, though for older women, there were little differences between having a husband who was community engaged or inactive. Discussion: Our findings highlight the value of considering activities of partnered older adults at the couple level.

URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953618301837
DOI10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.04.016
Custom 1

{:status: Advance online publication}

Effect of childhood socioeconomic conditions on cancer onset in later life: an ambidirectional cohort study

TitreEffect of childhood socioeconomic conditions on cancer onset in later life: an ambidirectional cohort study
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
Auteursvan der Linden, BWA, Courvoisier, DS, Cheval, B, Sieber, S, Bracke, P, Guessous, I, Burton-Jeangros, C, Kliegel, M, Cullati, S
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
Nombre7
Pagination799–810
Date Publishedmay
ISSN1661-8556
Mots-clésageing, Cancer, life course, old age, Socioeconomic conditions
Résumé

Objectives Living in low socioeconomic conditions during childhood is associated with poor health outcomes in later life. Whether this link also applies to cancer is unclear. We examined whether childhood socioeconomic conditions (CSCs) are associated with cancer risk in later life and whether this effect remained after adjusting for adulthood socioeconomic conditions (ASCs). Methods Data for 26,431 individuals ≥ 50 years old included in SHARE were analysed. CSCs were constructed by using indicators of living conditions at age 10. ASC indicators were education, main occupation, and household income. Gender-stratified associations of CSCs with cancer onset (overall and by site) were assessed by Cox regression. Results In total, 2852 individuals were diagnosed with cancer. For both men and women, risk of overall cancer was increased for advantaged CSCs and remained so after adjusting for ASCs (hazard ratio = 1.36, 95% CI 1.10, 1.63, and 1.70, 95% CI 1.41, 2.07). Conclusions Advantaged CSCs are associated with an increased risk of overall cancer at older age, but results vary by cancer sites and sex. Participation in cancer screening or exposure to risk factors may differ by social conditions. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (10.1007/s00038-018-1111-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6154039/
DOI10.1007/s00038-018-1111-9

Sequence analysis: Where are we, where wre we going?

TitreSequence analysis: Where are we, where wre we going?
Type de publicationBook Chapter
Year of Publication2018
AuteursRitschard, G, Studer, M
ÉditeurRitschard, G, Studer, M
Book TitleSequence analysis and related approaches : Innovative methods and applications.
Volume10
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedCham, Switzerland
Notes

\{:status: Advance online publication\}

URLhttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-95420-2_1
DOI10.1007/978-3-319-95420-2_1

Does vocational education give a labour market advantage over the whole career? A comparison of the United Kingdom and Switzerland

TitreDoes vocational education give a labour market advantage over the whole career? A comparison of the United Kingdom and Switzerland
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursKORBER, MAILYS
JournalLIVES Working Paper
Volume74
Pagination1-40
Date Published11/2018
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Mots-clésapprenticeship, earnings, employment, life course, Switzerland, United Kingdom, vocational education and training
Résumé

Research suggests that vocational education and training (VET) tends to reduce youth unemployment by providing specific skills, thus smoothing the transition from education to work. However, we still know relatively little about whether vocational education provides higher employment rate and wages over the entire working trajectory than holders of lower education: after several years of experience, both groups may indeed have similar skills and thus similar situations on the labour market. We compare the situation in the United Kingdom and Switzerland, two countries sharing a tradition of vocational education but which differ in the specificity and standardisation of their VET system.
Creating a pseudo-cohort with repeated rounds of the UK and Swiss labour force surveys, we use regression models and compare the employment rate and hourly wage of our two groups of interest: individuals with vocational education at the upper secondary level and individuals with no more than compulsory education. We find that VET graduates fare better in terms of both employment and wages over the whole career. This advantage is larger for women than men and, contrary to our hypothesis, larger in the UK than in Switzerland with respect to employment prospects.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2018.74

Pages