Workers' movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland
|Titre||Workers' movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland|
|Type de publication||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Journal||European Sociological Review|
|Mots-clés||event history analysis, intra-generational mobility, occupational change|
The employment structure undergoes constant change. Some occupations grow while others decline under the pressure of technological advances, internationalisation and welfare state reforms. This evolution at the aggregate level has been well documented. Our knowledge of how macro-level change in the employment structure is brought about through micro-level career adjustments is less extensive. Drawing on panel data, this paper examines the types of workers most likely to leave occupations that have declined over the past 20 years, and the most likely destination of these exits in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland. The route out of declining occupations for female workers is towards low paid growing, while clerical workers are more likely to exit into high paid growing occupations than production workers. Production workers with lower levels of education, concentrated in manufacturing, are at higher risk than clerical workers of exiting into unemployment.