Migrant integration in a VET-oriented schooling system: A ladder hard to climb
|Titre||Migrant integration in a VET-oriented schooling system: A ladder hard to climb|
|Type de publication||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Auteurs||Latina, J, Ramirez, J|
|Journal||University of Geneva Working Papers|
|Mots-clés||education, migrant integration, multinomial logit model, school composition effects, tracking, transitions|
Using a typology based on different forms of capital, we focus on migrant integration into the Swiss schooling system, as expressed by their track choice at the upper-secondary level. In particular, we examine whether school transitions of children from certain migrant communities are negatively affected by a lack of social capital and apply for this purpose a two-step methodology based on the estimation of a reduced-form multinomial logit, using longitudinal data from the Canton of Geneva (Switzerland), for the period 1993-2007. While differing substantially between high-track and low-track students, results confirm that social capital matters independently of human and financial capital and, while affecting all students, the impact of a lack of social capital is higher on high-track students. Among low-track male students, recent migrants are disadvantaged compared to natives and first-wave migrants, as they are, ceteris paribus, more often oriented toward non-certifying remedial education. Moreover, we find that structural compositions of middle schools explain almost all the estimated yearly school fixed-effects and that compositional changes clearly do not affect low-track and high-track students in the same way.