The association of leisure activities in middle adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The moderating role of educational level

TitreThe association of leisure activities in middle adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The moderating role of educational level
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuteursIhle, A, Oris, M, Fagot, D, Baeriswyl, M, Guichard, E, Kliegel, M
JournalGerontology
Volume61
Ticket3
Pagination543-550
Mots-cléscognition, cognitive reserve, disuse, educational level, general health status, leisure activities, midlife, older adults, vulnerability
Résumé

Background: One of the fundamental challenges for gerontological research is how to maintain and promote intact cognitive functioning in old age. Previous research revealed that high educational level, good health status, and an active lifestyle during adulthood seem to be protective against cognitive impairment in old age. However, up to now, a detailed examination of the interaction of these relations based on a broader variety of activities and considering past and current activities is missing. Objective: The present study set out to extend the literature by investigating in more detail the interactions of educational level and health status with a broad variety of past and current leisure activities in their association with cognitive functioning in a large sample of older adults with a wide age range. Methods: A total of 2,812 older adults (aged 65-101 years) served as the sample for the present study. A test on verbal abilities and one on processing speed were applied. In addition, individuals were retrospectively interviewed regarding their educational level, current general health status, and 18 leisure activities (in terms of currently performed activities and those that had been carried out at the age of 45 years). Results: Regressions indicated that engaging in more current activities and in more activities at the age of 45 years (both analyzed as an overall activity measure) was related to better cognitive performance in old age (r values up to 0.39, p values

DOI10.1159/000381311
Refereed DesignationRefereed