The multiplicity of aging: Lessons for theory and conceptual development from longitudinal studies

TitleThe multiplicity of aging: Lessons for theory and conceptual development from longitudinal studies
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsSpini, D, Jopp, D, Pin Le Corre, S, Stringhini, S
EditorBengtson, VL, Settersten, RA
Book TitleHandbook of Theories of Aging
EditionThird
Chapter33
Pagination669-690
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York
Citation Key2293

Gender Complementarities in the Labor Market

TitleGender Complementarities in the Labor Market
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDe Giorgi, G, Paccagnella, M, Pellizzari, M
EditorPolachek, SW, Tatsiramos, K, Zimmermann, KF
Book TitleGender Convergence in the Labor Market
Series TitleResearch in Labor Economics,
Volume41
Pagination277- 298
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Limited
Place PublishedBingley
ISBN Number978-1-78441-456-6
URLhttp://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/S0147-912120140000041015
DOI10.1108/S0147-912120140000041015
Citation Key2261
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Reassessing unmet need for family planning in the postpartum period

TitleReassessing unmet need for family planning in the postpartum period
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsRossier, C, Bradley, S, Ross, J, Winfred, W
JournalStudies in Family Planning
Volume46
Issue4
Pagination355-367
Date Publisheddec
Abstract

Despite renewed interest in postpartum family planning programs, the question of time at which women should be expected to start contraception after a birth remains unanswered. Three indicators of postpartum unmet need consider women to be exposed to the risk of pregnancy at different times: right after delivery (prospective indicator), after six months of amenorrhea (intermediate indicator), and at the end of amenorrhea (classic indicator). DHS data from 57 countries in 2005-13 indicate that 62 percent (prospective), 43 percent (intermediate), and 32 percent (classic) of women in the first year after a birth have an unmet need for contraception (40 percent when including abstinence). While the protection afforded by postpartum abstinence and lactational amenorrhea lowers unmet need, further analysis shows that women also often rely on these methods without being actually protected. Programs should acknowledge these methods without being actually protected. Programs should acknowledge these methods' widespread use and inform women about their limits. Also, the respective advantages of targeting the postnatal period, the end of six months of amenorrhea/exclusive breastfeeding, or the resumption of sexual intercourse to offer contraceptive services should be tested.

Citation Key2126
Refereed DesignationRefereed

ISSP 2017 module on social network and social ressources: Reasoning report for the draft source questionnaire

TitleISSP 2017 module on social network and social ressources: Reasoning report for the draft source questionnaire
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsJoye, D, Sapin, M, Wolf, C, Bain, Y, Andersen, J, Carkoglu, A, Kalaycioglu, E, Smith, T, Fu, Y-chih
Date Publishedmar
PublisherReport for the ISSP by the Drafting group
Citation Key2649
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Self-reported health among lone mothers in Switzerland: Do employment and education matter?

TitleSelf-reported health among lone mothers in Switzerland: Do employment and education matter?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsStruffolino, E, Bernardi, L, Voorpostel, M
JournalPopulation-E
Volume71
Issue2
Pagination187-214
Abstract

Lone mothers may have several difficulties taking up employment, especially if they live in a country where parents receive little support to reconcile work and family life. Under such circumstances, is it better to work in order to raise one’s income, even if life is more stressful, or to withdraw from the labour force? What is the association between employment and health? This is the question raised by Emanuela Struffolino, Laura Bernardi and Marieke Voorpostel in the particular context of Switzerland, where mothers of young children, whatever their conjugal status, are not encouraged by the government to work full-time. Using data from the Swiss Household Panel, the authors analyse the relationship between self-reported health and full-time or part-time working for lone mothers relative to mothers in couples, by level of education. They highlight the higher risk of poor self-reported health for lone mothers compared with mothers in a couple, especially for those in small part-time jobs.

Citation Key2643
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The persistence of social stratification? A life course perspective on poverty in old-age in Switzerland

TitleThe persistence of social stratification? A life course perspective on poverty in old-age in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsGabriel, R, Oris, M, Studer, M, Baeriswyl, M
JournalSwiss Journal of Sociology
Volume41
Issue3
Pagination465-487
Keywordslife course, old age, poverty, social stratification
Abstract

The aim of this article is to investigate the factors underlying old-age poverty, with particular emphasis on its construction along the life course. We focus on the question whether the inclusion of life course information could explain social and gender differences in old-age poverty in Switzerland. Our results suggest that poverty in old-age primarily depends on a person's initial human capital, corresponding to a traditional social stratification framework. We were not able to detect significant influence of work or relationship trajectories. Gender differences seem partly explained through the long-term impact of educational differences.

Citation Key1204
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Caring for the elderly but not for the own old employees? Organizational age climate, age stereotypes, and turnover intentions in young and old nurses

TitleCaring for the elderly but not for the own old employees? Organizational age climate, age stereotypes, and turnover intentions in young and old nurses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBilinska, P, Wegge, J, Kliegel, M
JournalJournal of Personnel Psychology
Volume15
Issue3
Pagination95-105
ISSN1866-5888
Keywordsjob satisfaction, organizational age climate, organizational identification, turnover
Abstract

We introduce organizational age climate (OAC) as the employee’s shared perception of age stereotypes within an organization and investigate its association with antecedents of turnover (i.e., turnover intention, organizational identification, and job satisfaction) and negative individual beliefs about older employees. Data from 397 nurses working in 45 German geriatric care units were analyzed within a multilevel design. Results show that more positive OAC is associated with lower levels of turnover intention and higher levels of job satisfaction, even after controlling for the organization’s social climate. Both associations are mediated by organizational identification. Our results show that OAC uniquely contributes to explaining variance in nurses’ turnover intention and thus deserves more attention both in research and practice.

DOI10.1027/1866-5888/a000144
Citation Key1573
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Active ageing and older immigrants: the role of health and economic factors related to retirement

TitleActive ageing and older immigrants: the role of health and economic factors related to retirement
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBolzman, C, Kaeser, L
JournalSalute e società
VolumeXV
Issue1
Pagination165-179
DOI10.3280/SES2016-001012
Citation Key2486
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Transformations of retirement policies

TitleTransformations of retirement policies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKnüsel, R
Secondary AuthorsBickel, J-F, Höpflinger, F, Vatron-Steiner, B
JournalSwiss Journal of Sociology
Volume41
Issue3
Pagination337-515
Keywordsretirement, social poliy, vulnerabilities
URLhttp://www.sgs-sss.ch/en-sociojournal-archives_search-number-124
Citation Key2555
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Transformations des politiques de retraite. Introduction au numéro spécial

TitleTransformations des politiques de retraite. Introduction au numéro spécial
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKnüsel, R, Bickel, J-F, Höpflinger, F, Vatron-Steiner, B
JournalSwiss Journal of Sociology
Volume41
Issue3
Pagination341-358
Keywordsretirement, social policy, vulnerabilities
Citation Key2558
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Vulnérabilité, exclusion et politique sociale. L'exemple du grand âge

TitleVulnérabilité, exclusion et politique sociale. L'exemple du grand âge
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBickel, J-F
EditorViriot-Durandal, J-P, Raymond, E, Moulaert, T, Charpentier, M
Book TitleDroits de vieillir et citoyenneté des aînés. Pour une perspective internationale
EditionFirst
Chapter17
Pagination297-309
PublisherPresses de l'Université du Québec
Place PublishedQuébec
ISBN Number978-2-7605-4340-9
Keywordsaging, social exclusion, social poly
Citation Key2559
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Impact of antenatal glucocorticoid therapy and risk of preterm delivery on intelligence in term-born children

TitleImpact of antenatal glucocorticoid therapy and risk of preterm delivery on intelligence in term-born children
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAlexander, N, Rosenlöcher, F, Dettenborn, L, Stalder, T, Linke, J, Distler, W, Morgner, J, Miller, R, Kliegel, M, Kirschbaum, C
JournalThe Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Volume101
Issue2
Pagination581-589
ISSN0021-972X
Abstract

Context: Women at risk of preterm delivery are routinely treated with synthetic glucocorticoids (sGC). While this therapy substantially reduces neonatal morbidity concerns remain whether sGC excess may disrupt neurodevelopmental trajectories underlying cognitive functioning. Objective: The present study is the first to disentangle direct effects of antenatal sGC treatment on possible long-term cognitive disadvantages from those of pregnancy complications and prematurity. Design Setting and Participants: This cross-sectional study comprised a mixed-sex cohort of 222 term-born children (aged 6–11-yrs) consisting of three groups: children of mothers admitted to hospital for threatening preterm delivery who had been treated (n97) or untreated (n36) with sGC and controls without pregnancy complications (n89). Intervention: Antenatal sGC treatment consisted of single courses with dexamethasone or betamethasone. Main Outcome Measure: Psychometric intelligence was assessed using a German adaption of Cattell's Culture Fair Test. Results: Children born to mothers at risk for preterm delivery scored on average 6–7 IQ points below children of mothers without pregnancy complications irrespective of antenatal sGC treatment. Compared to females boys were found to be more susceptible to cognitive disadvantages associated with maternal risk for preterm delivery. Conclusions: Our data indicate that conditions related to a threatening preterm delivery rather than antenatal sGC treatment per se are associated with long-term decreases in the child's intelligence. While these findings imply that a single course of sGC therapy does not aggravate long-term cognitive deficits they highlight the need for interventions to reduce the detrimental consequences of distress induced by a threatening preterm delivery.

URLhttp://press.endocrine.org/doi/10.1210/jc.2015-2453
DOI10.1210/jc.2015-2453
Citation Key2688
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Prospective memory in older adults: Where we are now and what is next

TitleProspective memory in older adults: Where we are now and what is next
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKliegel, M, Ballhausen, N, Hering, A, Ihle, A, Schnitzspahn, KM, Zuber, S
JournalGerontology
Volume62
Issue4
Pagination459-466
ISSN0304-324X
URLhttp://www.karger.com/?doi10.1159/000443698
DOI10.1159/000443698
Citation Key2694
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Prospective memory impairment in children with prenatal alcohol exposure

TitleProspective memory impairment in children with prenatal alcohol exposure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLewis, CE, Thomas, KGF, Molteno, CD, Kliegel, M, Meintjes, EM, Jacobson, JL, Jacobson, SW
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume40
Issue5
Pagination969-978
ISSN1530-0277
KeywordsAttention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Executive Function, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, IQ, Prenatal Alcohol Exposure, prospective memory
Abstract

Background alcohol exposure (PAE) is linked to impaired performance on tests of retrospective memory but prospective memory (PM; the ability to remember and act on delayed intentions) has not been examined in alcohol-exposed children. We investigated event-based PM in children with heavy PAE and the degree to which associations between PAE and PM are influenced by IQ executive functioning (EF) retrospective memory and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/acer.13045/abstract
DOI10.1111/acer.13045
Citation Key2695
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The relationship between prospective memory and episodic future thinking in younger and older adulthood

TitleThe relationship between prospective memory and episodic future thinking in younger and older adulthood
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsTerrett, G, Rose, NS, Henry, JD, Bailey, PE, Altgassen, M, Phillips, LH, Kliegel, M, Rendell, PG
JournalThe Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Volume69
Issue2
Pagination310-323
ISSN1747-0218
Abstract

Episodic future thinking (EFT) the ability to project into the future to “preexperience” an event and prospective memory (PM) remembering to perform an intended action are both examples of future-oriented cognition. Recently it has been suggested that EFT might contribute to PM performance but to date few studies have examined the relationship between these two capacities. The aim of the present study was to investigate the nature and specificity of this relationship as well as whether it varies with age. Participants were 125 younger and 125 older adults who completed measures of EFT and PM. Significant positive correlations between EFT and PM were identified in both age groups. Furthermore EFT ability accounted for significant unique variance in the young adults suggesting that it may make a specific contribution to PM function. Within the older adult group EFT did not uniquely contribute to PM possibly indicating a reduced capacity to utilize EFT or the use of compensatory strategies. This study is the first to provide systematic evidence for an association between variation in EFT and PM abilities in both younger and older adulthood and shows that the nature of this association varies as a function of age.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2015.1054294
DOI10.1080/17470218.2015.1054294
Citation Key2696
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Die Schweizer Wirtschaftselite im Spannungsfeld zwischen Globalisierungsprozessen und nationalen Institutionen

TitleDie Schweizer Wirtschaftselite im Spannungsfeld zwischen Globalisierungsprozessen und nationalen Institutionen
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDavoine, E, Ravasi, C, David, T, Ginalski, S, Mach, A
JournalDie Unternehmung
Volume69
Issue2
Pagination206-221
Date Publishedoct
ISSN0042-059x
Keywordscareer, elite, globalization
Abstract

The purpose of this article is to show how globalization processes contributed to the decline of national institutions in the selection and development of Swiss business elites, drawing from empirical data from two recent research projects. The first database contains profile characteristics of CEOs and chairmen from 110 biggest Swiss companies over a 30 years period. The second database contains information collected in 2009 on profiles and careers of more than 900 top managers working for more than 100 multinational corporations in four countries (France, Germany, United Kingdom and Switzerland). The analysis of our data allows us to illustrate and describe the globalization of profiles and the decline of national and traditional elements. The Swiss case can be brought in perspective and compared with other countries, in particular with France.

DOI10.5771/0042-059X-2015-2-206
Citation Key1878
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Trajectoires de santé, inégalités sociales et parcours de vie

TitleTrajectoires de santé, inégalités sociales et parcours de vie
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBurton-Jeangros, C
Date Publishedsep
PublisherAcadémie suisse des sciences humaines et sociales
Place PublishedBerne
Abstract

L'ampleur et la persistance des inégalités sociales face à la santé interpellent, en particulier dans les pays à revenu élevé. Alors que, dans ces contextes, la santé de la population est en constante amélioration, d'importants écarts persistent entre groupes sociaux. Les analyses empiriques menées en Suisse soulignent combien les conditions sociales, familiales et économiques influencent les chances d'être en bonne santé. Par ailleurs, la perspective du parcours de vie apporte un éclairage supplémentaire permettant d'étudier les trajectoires des individus, issues des interactions entre situation familiale, vie professionnelle et état de santé. Enfin, les analyses longitudinales révèlent l'importance du contexte social, dont l'évolution au fil du temps non seulement affecte les conditions socioéconomiques dans lesquelles vivent les cohortes successives, mais également leurs attentes et aspirations. En dépit de la force des constats empiriques, il faut souligner qu'en Suisse, comme ailleurs, les inégalités sociales face à la santé restent encore peu visibles. Or, leur meilleure prise en compte dans les politiques publiques pourrait non seulement contribuer à réduire la vulnérabilité de certaines catégories sociales, mais aussi améliorer pour tous les chances de vieillir en bonne santé.

Citation Key2707
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Translating good intentions into physical activity: older adults with low prospective memory ability profit from planning

TitleTranslating good intentions into physical activity: older adults with low prospective memory ability profit from planning
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsWolff, JK, Warner, LM, Ziegelmann, JP, Wurm, S, Kliegel, M
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume39
Issue3
Pagination472-482
ISSN0160-7715
Abstract

Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember to perform an intended action in the future and is necessary for regular physical activity (PA). For older adults with declining PM planning strategies may help them to act upon their intentions. This study investigates PM as a moderator in a mediation process: intention predicting PA via planning. A mediated moderation was estimated with longitudinal data of older adults (M 70 years). Intentions (T1) predicted PA (T3) via action and coping planning (T2). PM was included as moderator on the planning-PA association. Both planning strategies were significant partial mediators (action planning: b 0.17 95 % CI [0.10 0.29]; coping planning: b 0.08 95 % CI [0.02 0.18]). For individuals with lower PM the indirect effect via coping planning was stronger than with higher PM (b 0.06 95 % CI [0.01 0.16]). Action planning is important for PA in old age regardless of PM performance whereas older adults with lower PM benefitted most from coping planning. Intervention studies for older adults should consider training PM and promote planning skills.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10865-015-9707-5
DOI10.1007/s10865-015-9707-5
Citation Key2697
Refereed DesignationRefereed

New approaches to death in cities during the health transition

TitleNew approaches to death in cities during the health transition
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2016
Series EditorRamiro Fariñas, D, Oris, M
Series TitleInternational Population Studies
EditionFirst
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York, USA
Keywordscities, health transition, mortality
Abstract

This book presents recent efforts and new approaches to improve our understanding of the evolution of health and mortality in urban environments in the long run, looking at transformation and adaptations during the process of rapid population growth. In a World characterized by large and rapidly evolving urban environments, the study of past and present challenges they face is one of the key topics for our society. Cities are a world of differences and, consequently, of inequalities. But cities remain, above all, the spaces of interactions among a variety of social groups, the places where poor, middle-class, and wealthy people, as well as elites, have coexisted in harmony or tension, from the past to the present, in the North and in the South. Urban areas also form specific epidemiological environments since they are characterized by population concentration and density, and a high variety of social spaces from wealthy neighborhoods to slums. Inversely and coherently, cities develop answers in terms of sanitary policies and health infrastructures. This balance between risk and protective factors is, however, not at all constant across time and space and is especially endangered in periods of massive demographic growth, particularly periods of urbanization mainly led by immigration flows that transform both the socioeconomic and demographic composition of urban populations and the morphological nature of urban environments. Therefore this book is a unique contribution in which present day and past sociodemographic and health challenges confronted by big urban environments are combined.

Citation Key2720
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Pages