You cannot spend the same dollar twice: A series of studies on resolving goal conflicts

TitleYou cannot spend the same dollar twice: A series of studies on resolving goal conflicts
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsTomasik, M, Freund, A
JournalEuropean Health Psychologist
Volume17
Issue2
Pagination85-88
Citation Key1557
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Rest break organization in geriatric care and turnover: A multimethod cross-sectional study

TitleRest break organization in geriatric care and turnover: A multimethod cross-sectional study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWendsche, J, Hacker, W, Wegge, J, Schrod, N, Roitzsch, K, Tomaschek, A, Kliegel, M
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Volume51
Issue9
Pagination1246-1257
ISSN0020-7489
Keywordscare setting, geriatric care, home care, nursing homes, rest break schedules, turnover, type of ownership
Abstract

Background Various determinants of nurses’ work motivation and turnover behavior have been examined in previous studies. In this research, we extend this work by investigating the impact of care setting (nursing homes vs. home care services) and the important role of rest break organization. Objectives We aimed to identify direct and indirect linkages between geriatric care setting, rest break organization, and registered nurses’ turnover assessed over a period of one year. Design We designed a multimethod cross-sectional study. Setting 80 nursing units (n = 45 nursing homes, n = 35 home care) in 51 German geriatric care services employing 597 registered nurses. Methods We gathered documentary, interview, and observational data about the organization of rest breaks, registered nurses’ turnover, and additional organizational characteristics (type of ownership, location, nursing staff, clients, and client-to-staff-ratio). Results The findings show that the rest break system in geriatric nursing home units is more regularly as well as collectively organized and causes less unauthorized rest breaks than in home care units. Moreover, the feasibility of collective rest breaks was, as predicted, negatively associated with registered nurses’ turnover and affected indirectly the relation between care setting and registered nurses’ turnover. Care setting, however, had no direct impact on turnover. Furthermore, registered nurses’ turnover was higher in for-profit care units than in public or non-profit units. Conclusions This study reveals significant differences in rest break organization as a function of geriatric care setting and highlights the role of collective rest breaks for nursing staff retention. Our study underlines the integration of organizational context variables and features of rest break organization for the analysis of nursing turnover.

DOI10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.01.006
Citation Key1553
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and Cognitive Decline: A Longitudinal Study among Non-Demented Older Adults

TitleSerum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and Cognitive Decline: A Longitudinal Study among Non-Demented Older Adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPerna, L, Mons, U, Kliegel, M, Brenner, H
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Volume38
Issue3-4
Pagination254-263
Keywordscognitive impairment, Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument, elders, vitamin D
Abstract

Background/Aims: Very few studies have investigated the longitudinal association between serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and cognitive impairment not due to dementia. This longitudinal study analysed 25(OH)D and the risk of cognitive decline among non-demented older adults.
Methods: A subsample of the ESTHER cohort study, aged ≥70 years, was assessed with the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument (COGTEL) and underwent 25(OH)D measurements standardized with a reference method (n = 1,302). After an average follow-up of 4.6 years, 527 participants had repeated COGTEL testing and were eligible for analysis. Linear regression models were used to assess longitudinal associations between 25(OH)D levels and cognitive function. Possible practice effects of repeated cognitive testing were addressed with the reliable change index.
Results: A trend of a more pronounced cognitive decline with lower vitamin D levels was observed among both women and men, with a statistically significant difference in COGTEL scores in the lowest vitamin D quintile of the total sample.
Conclusions: This study indicates that low levels of vitamin D might be associated with cognitive decline among non-demented elderly individuals and highlights the need for further large-scale prospective studies to clarify the potential role of vitamin D in cognitive function at an old age.

DOI10.1159/000362870
Citation Key1552
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Self- or physician-reported diabetes, glycemia markers, and cognitive functioning in older adults in Germany

TitleSelf- or physician-reported diabetes, glycemia markers, and cognitive functioning in older adults in Germany
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBreitling, L, Olsen, H, Müller, H, Schöttker, B, Kliegel, M, Brenner, H
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume22
Issue11
Pagination1105-1115
Keywordsfasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, mild cognitive impairment
Abstract

Objectives To assess the association of different diabetes-related variables, including self- and physician-reported information, as well as biomarkers, with cognitive functioning in the elderly general population in Germany. Design Cross-sectional observational study. Setting and Participants A total of 1,697 subjects with a mean ± standard deviation age of 74 ± 2.8 years were included. These were recruited from among the participants of an ongoing epidemiological study of the elderly general population in Saarland state and had been recruited 5 years earlier on the occasion of a health screening exam by their general practitioners. Measurements Cognitive functioning across six subdomains was assessed using the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument. Data on prevalent diabetes at baseline were obtained from the study participants and their general practitioners. Baseline fasting glucose was assessed as part of the screening exam, and baseline HbA1c was determined centrally by standardized methods. Results The association of cognitive functioning with self-reported diabetes (N = 189) was more pronounced than with physician-reported diabetes (N = 280). HbA1c showed a nonlinear association with cognitive functioning, with a peak of cognitive performance in the central quintile of HbA1c. In the case of fasting glucose, lower cognitive functioning was only observed in the highest quintile. The estimates were robust in confounder-adjusted models, but attentuated when excluding subjects with baseline prevalent or follow-up incident diabetes. Conclusions Future studies of diabetes-related biomarkers and cognition should take possible nonlinearity of the relationships into account, as the strength of the associations otherwise might be underestimated.

DOI10.1016/j.jagp.2013.06.004
Citation Key1551
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Survivors of cardiac arrest with good neurological outcome show considerable impairments of memory functioning

TitleSurvivors of cardiac arrest with good neurological outcome show considerable impairments of memory functioning
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSulzgruber, P, Kliegel, A, Wandaller, C, Uray, T, Losert, H, Laggner, AN, Sterz, F, Kliegel, M
JournalResuscitation
Volume88
Pagination120-125
Keywordscardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, cognitive function, hypoxia, learning, memory
Abstract

Background Deficits in cognitive function are a well-known dysfunction in survivors of cardiac arrest. However, data concerning memory function in this neurological vulnerable patient collective remain scarce and inconclusive. Therefore, we aimed to assess multiple aspects of retrospective and prospective memory performance in patients after cardiac arrest. Methods We prospectively enrolled 33 survivors of cardiac arrest, with cerebral performance categories (CPC) 1 and 2 and a control-group (n = 33) matched in sex, age and educational-level. To assess retrospective and prospective memory performance we administrated 4 weeks after cardiac arrest the “Rey Adult Learning Test” (RAVLT), the “Digit-Span-Backwards Test”, the “Logic-Memory Test” and the “Red-Pencil Test”. Results Results indicate an impairment in immediate and delayed free recall, but not in recognition. However, the overall impairment in immediate recall was qualified by analyzing RAVLT performance, showing that patients were only impaired in trials 4 and 5 of the learning sequence. Moreover, working and prospective memory as well as prose recall were worse in cardiac arrest survivors. Cranial computed tomography was available in 61% of all patients (n = 20) but there was no specific neurological damage detectable that could be linked to this cognitive impairment. Conclusion Episodic long-term memory functioning appears to be particularly impaired after cardiac arrest. In contrast, short-term memory storage, even tested via free-call, seems not to be affected. Based on cranial computed tomography we suggest that global brain ischemia rather than focal brain lesions appear to underlie these effects.

DOI10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.11.009
Citation Key1549
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Age differences in prospective memory for everyday life intentions: A diary approach

TitleAge differences in prospective memory for everyday life intentions: A diary approach
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsSchnitzspahn, KM, Scholz, U, Ballhausen, N, Hering, A, Ihle, A, Lagner, P, Kliegel, M
JournalMemory
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordsaging, diary, everyday life, prospective memory
Abstract

The age benefit found in many naturalistic prospective memory (PM) tasks has been taken as evidence that PM performance in real life may be spared from aging. However, this conclusion lacks empirical confirmation. Hence, the aim of the present study was to examine possible age differences in the content of everyday PM intentions and their performance. Everyday PM was assessed in young and older adults using a diary approach. Results confirmed a general age benefit for real-life PM tasks. Importantly, this finding was qualified by revealing that the benefit only held true for specific types of intentions such as health and social intentions. Further, moderation analyses showed that the relationships between cognitive functioning and everyday PM were different for young and older adults. While better inhibition, short-term and long-term memory were related with successful PM performance in the young, this was not the case in the older adults. The present findings suggest that the age benefit found in naturalistic experimenter-given tasks extends to real-life PM performance, but may differ depending on the type of intention. Furthermore, cognitive functioning predicts performance in the young, but not in the older adults.

DOI10.1080/09658211.2015.1018276
Citation Key1548
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Mood effects on memory and executive control in a real-life situation

TitleMood effects on memory and executive control in a real-life situation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLagner, P, Kliegel, M, Phillips, LH, Ihle, A, Hering, A, Ballhausen, N, Schnitzspahn, KM
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume29
Issue6
Pagination1107-1116
Keywordsemotion, executive control, memory, mood
Abstract

In the laboratory, studies have shown an inconsistent pattern of whether, and how, mood may affect cognitive functions indicating both mood-related enhancement as well as decline. Surprisingly, little is known about whether there are similar effects in everyday life. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate possible mood effects on memory and executive control in a real-life situation. Mood effects were examined in the context of winning in a sports competition. Sixty-one male handball players were tested with an extensive cognitive test battery (comprising memory and executive control) both after winning a match and after training as neutral baseline. Mood differed significantly between the two testing situations, while physiological arousal and motivation were comparable. Results showed lowered performance after the win compared with training in selected cognitive measures. Specifically, short-term and episodic memory performance was poorer following a win, whereas executive control performance was unaffected by condition. Differences in memory disappeared when emotional states after the match were entered as covariates into the initial analyses. Thus, findings suggest mood-related impairments in memory, but not in executive control processes after a positive real-life event.

DOI10.1080/02699931.2014.962486
Citation Key1547
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Paternity leave implementation in Switzerland: A challenge to gendered representations and practices of fatherhood?

TitlePaternity leave implementation in Switzerland: A challenge to gendered representations and practices of fatherhood?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsValarino, I, Gauthier, J-A
JournalCommunity, Work & Family
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordsfatherhood, gender, paternity leave, Switzerland, workplace norms
Abstract

Transition to parenthood in Switzerland takes place in a particularly gendered institutional context. It is the only European country where men do not have access to any kind of statutory parental or paternity leaves. This study empirically investigates the extent to which institutional change – through paternity leave implementation at the company level – challenges gendered representations and practices of fatherhood. The study draws on a mixed methods case study conducted in a public administration which implemented a one-month paid paternity leave. Using register data about leave recipients (N = 95), we adopt a longitudinal and typological approach of leave uptake patterns by means of sequence and cluster analyses. In-depth interviews conducted with recipient fathers and managers working for the company (n = 30) enable an analysis of the implementation process and the meanings associated with paternity leave and fatherhood. Results show that paternity leave implementation challenged, in a limited way, gendered representations and practices of fatherhood. Fatherhood was made more visible within the company, but workplace characteristics and informal norms influenced fathers’ leave uptake. Overall, motherhood and fatherhood were associated with different and specialized responsibilities. Fathers mainly had a secondary and temporary role with the newborn, while mothers were the central and taken-for-granted parent.

DOI10.1080/13668803.2015.1023263
Citation Key1546
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Package 'vcrpart'. Tree-based varying coefficient regression for generalized linear and ordinal mixed models

TitlePackage 'vcrpart'. Tree-based varying coefficient regression for generalized linear and ordinal mixed models
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBürgin, R, Ritschard, G
Pagination1-57
Date Published03/2015
PublisherCRAN
Abstract

Recursive partitioning for varying coefficient generalized linear models and ordinal linear mixed models. Special features are coefficient-wise partitioning, non-varying coefficients and partitioning of time-varying variables in longitudinal regression.

URLhttp://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/vcrpart/
Citation Key1545

Occupational structure and labor market change in Western Europe since 1990

TitleOccupational structure and labor market change in Western Europe since 1990
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsOesch, D
EditorBeramendi, P, Häusermann, S, Kitschelt, H, Kriesi, H
Book TitleThe politics of advanced capitalism
Pagination112-132
PublisherCambridge University Press
Place PublishedCambridge
ISBN Number9781107492622
Citation Key1544

The association of leisure activities in middle adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The moderating role of educational level

TitleThe association of leisure activities in middle adulthood with cognitive performance in old age: The moderating role of educational level
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsIhle, A, Oris, M, Fagot, D, Baeriswyl, M, Guichard, E, Kliegel, M
JournalGerontology
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordscognition, cognitive reserve, disuse, educational level, general health status, leisure activities, midlife, older adults, vulnerability
Abstract

Background: One of the fundamental challenges for gerontological research is how to maintain and promote intact cognitive functioning in old age. Previous research revealed that high educational level, good health status, and an active lifestyle during adulthood seem to be protective against cognitive impairment in old age. However, up to now, a detailed examination of the interaction of these relations based on a broader variety of activities and considering past and current activities is missing. Objective: The present study set out to extend the literature by investigating in more detail the interactions of educational level and health status with a broad variety of past and current leisure activities in their association with cognitive functioning in a large sample of older adults with a wide age range. Methods: A total of 2,812 older adults (aged 65-101 years) served as the sample for the present study. A test on verbal abilities and one on processing speed were applied. In addition, individuals were retrospectively interviewed regarding their educational level, current general health status, and 18 leisure activities (in terms of currently performed activities and those that had been carried out at the age of 45 years). Results: Regressions indicated that engaging in more current activities and in more activities at the age of 45 years (both analyzed as an overall activity measure) was related to better cognitive performance in old age (r values up to 0.39, p values

DOI10.1159/000381311
Citation Key1543
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Analyse des trajectoires des chômeurs en fin de droits dans le canton de Genève

TitleAnalyse des trajectoires des chômeurs en fin de droits dans le canton de Genève
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsStuder, M, Hadziabdic, S, Ritschard, G
Pagination183
PublisherCour des comptes de la République et canton de Genève
URLhttp://www.cdc-ge.ch/Htdocs/Files/v/6428.pdf/Rapportsdaudit/2015/rapportfinalUni09.04.2015.pdf
Citation Key1542
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Identifying and tackling inequality. A challenge for social work

TitleIdentifying and tackling inequality. A challenge for social work
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBeuret, B, Bonvin, J-M, Dahmen, S
JournalRevue suisse de travail social
Volume2013
Issue15
Pagination9-26
Abstract

Cette contribution de Benoît Beuret, Jean-Michel Bonvin et Stephan Dahmen se situe dans la perspective dite des capabilités. A la différence de la plupart des contributions concernant le travail social, les auteurs n’interrogent pas prioritairement les droits, les biens, les ressources, les compétences qu’il convient d’octroyer etc. ni la question concernant un certain paternalisme des travailleurs et travailleuses sociales. Leur point de départ est, au contraire, la proposition d’Amartya Sen consistant à concevoir les besoins fondamentaux des citoyens et citoyennes comme la résultante d’un processus démocratique. Il en résulte un défi, celui de prendre en compte les capacités diverses des personnes de participer aux processus délibératifs. Les auteurs traitent de ce défi en discutant, de manière détaillée, les phénomènes d’inégalités multiples. Dépasser ces inégalités conduirait à une égalité participative dont les auteurs esquissent les contours. Enfin, les travailleurs et les travailleuses sociales auraient un rôle important à jouer dans cette perspective, en donnant une voix aux personnes qui s’adressent à eux et à elles.

Citation Key1541
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The capability approach and sociological conceptions of human agency: An empirical assessment on the basis of an analysis of activation policies

TitleThe capability approach and sociological conceptions of human agency: An empirical assessment on the basis of an analysis of activation policies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDahmen, S
JournalSocial Work & Society
Volume12
Issue2
Pagination1-14
ISSN1613-8953
Abstract

From the mid-nineties on, European welfare states are facing formidable pressures. As a response to these pressures, a strong international reform agenda has found support around the ideas that benefit recipients have to be “activated” in order to find Jobs. Such approaches conceive the aim of welfare states to strengthen Social Policy as a productive factor and to provide the “right” incentives and compulsion (carrots and sticks) in order to control and design behaviour of persons (van Berkel, 2010; Handler, 2004). On an ideological level, these developments correspond to a shift from previously contested assumptions about human motivation, choice, agency and human responsibility of beneficaries of the welfare state. In Critical Social Policy research, a discussion has emerged around the models of human motivation and agency that have been influential in policy design (see e.g. Le Grand, 2003; Deacon, 2005; White, 2013). The article argues that conceptions of human agency have important political implications when it comes to debates about individual responsibility. This may lead to so called “autonomy gaps” (Anderson, 2009), or to situations in which welfare beneficaries perceive the instituionalized imperative to autonomy as an injunction. The article confronts the capability approach (C.A.) to different competing sociological conceptions of human agency. On the basis of an empirical study of the construction of welfare subjects through activation policies, the article points to some shortcomings of the C.A. especially for the analysis of the micro-workings of power in post-disciplinary societies, in which the exercise of power does not so much consist of imposing direct constraints upon citizens as of “governing trough freedom”. For this reason, the article argues that Sen’s realization-based approach needs to be supplemented by concepts which allow accounting for the social mediatedness of individual identities and for the social construction of subjectivity within different social contexts.

URLhttp://www.socwork.net/sws/issue/view/25
Citation Key1540
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Tree-based varying coefficient regression for longitudinal ordinal responses

TitleTree-based varying coefficient regression for longitudinal ordinal responses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBürgin, R, Ritschard, G
JournalComputational Statistics and Data Analysis
Volume86
Pagination65-80
Keywordsgeneralized linear models, longitudinal data analysis, mixed models, ordinal regression, recursive partitioning, statistical learning, varying coefficient models
Abstract

A tree-based algorithm for longitudinal regression analysis that aims to learn whether and how the effects of predictor variables depend on moderating variables is presented. The algorithm is based on multivariate generalized linear mixed models and it builds piecewise constant coefficient functions. Moreover, it is scalable for many moderators of possibly mixed scales, integrates interactions between moderators and can handle nonlinearities. Although the scope of the algorithm is quite general, the focus is on its usage in an ordinal longitudinal regression setting. The potential of the algorithm is illustrated by using data derived from the British Household Panel Study, to show how the effect of unemployment on self-reported happiness varies across individual life circumstances.

DOI10.1016/j.csda.2015.01.003
Citation Key1538
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Les rapports de subordination au cœur de la cité par projet: étude de cas dans l’industrie des machines

TitleLes rapports de subordination au cœur de la cité par projet: étude de cas dans l’industrie des machines
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBonvin, J-M, Cianferoni, N, Kuehni, M
JournalL'homme et la société
Volume2015
Number1-2
Pagination33-50
Abstract

Cet article traite de l’impact de l’implantation de l’organisation par projets sur la relation de travail dans une entreprise de construction ferroviaire helvétique. Cette forme d’organisation remet en question l’échange «subordination vs sécurité» à l’œuvre dans le modèle taylorien faisant émerger des formes de précarité plus ou moins importantes pour les travailleurs, mais fait également place à une plus grande autonomie et responsabilité dans la manière d’organiser son travail. Partant d’entretiens semi-directifs menés auprès de salariés et responsables de ressources humaines, notre propos vise à souligner l’implantation partielle et sélective de ce mode d’organisation du travail qui ne supprime pas les rapports de subordination mais les transforme, contribuant à l’exacerbation des tensions à l’intérieur du groupe ouvrier. Prêtant une attention particulière à l’ancienneté, nous montrons que les critères de sélection et de promotion en vigueur dans l’entreprise sont particulièrement défavorables aux jeunes recrues qui font les frais de cette transformation inachevée tant sur le plan matériel que symbolique.

DOI10.3917/lhs.195.0033
Citation Key1537
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Specific work-life issues of single and childless female expatriates: An exploratory study in the Swiss context

TitleSpecific work-life issues of single and childless female expatriates: An exploratory study in the Swiss context
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSalamin, X
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2015
Issue42
Pagination1-39
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordsfemale expatriates, gender, single, Switzerland, work-life interface
Abstract

Work-life balance has been identified as a key challenge in expatriation, which impacts both private and professional spheres. Especially for women, work and private life issues have been found to be particularly exacerbated abroad. Up until today, research on work-life interface in the expatriation context has focused on expatriates relocating with a family. However, single expatriates represent a non-negligible proportion of the expatriate population and their work-life experiences remain largely unexplored. This is especially relevant for female expatriates, since reports and past research showed that they were more often single than their male counterparts and had less often children. In the domestic context, recent studies on work-life interface reveal significant issues that single and childless individuals face in balancing both life spheres. The aim of this qualitative exploratory study is to examine the specific work-life experiences of single and childless female expatriates that are working and living in the French speaking part of Switzerland.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.42
Citation Key1535

It's about time! Männer und Männlichkeiten in den Disziplinen

TitleIt's about time! Männer und Männlichkeiten in den Disziplinen
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJakoby, N, Liebig, B, Peitz, M, Schmid, T, Zinn, I
EditorJakoby, N, Liebig, B, Peitz, M, Schmid, T, Zinn, I
Book TitleMänner und Männlichkeiten. Disziplinäre Perspektiven
Series TitleReihe Zürcher Hochschulforum
Pagination7-12
Publishervdf Hochschulverlag
Place PublishedZürich
ISBN Number978-3728135407
Keywordsgender, Männlichkeiten
Citation Key1534

Pages