From career adaptability to subjective identity forms

TitleFrom career adaptability to subjective identity forms
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRossier, J, Maggiori, C, Zimmermann, G
EditorDi Fabio, A, Bernaud, J-L
Book TitleThe Construction of the Identity in 21st Century: A Festschrift for Jean Guichard
Chapter4
Pagination45-58
PublisherNova Sciences Publishers
Place PublishedNew York, NY
ISBN Number978-1-63463-218-8
Citation Key1623

Socialization into organizations and balancing work and family

TitleSocialization into organizations and balancing work and family
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsWiese, B, Knecht, M
EditorVuori, J, Blonk, R, Price, RH
Book TitleSustainable Working Lives: Managing Work Transitions and Health throughout the Life Course
Chapter6
Pagination87-105
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York, NY
ISBN Number978-94-017-9797-9
Abstract

Organizational transitions represent particularly important challenges for both employees and employers. The present chapter summarizes and contextualizes the demands and outcomes of organizational socialization processes. With respect to socialization outcomes, we differentiate between proximal and distal outcomes as well as between work-related and health-related outcomes. We embed organizational socialization and individual self-regulatory strategies in the broader life context of the individual by drawing specific attention to the family domain. The return to work after maternity leave is selected as a sample case to demonstrate how both work-related and family-related experiences and characteristics impact occupational adjustment processes in young adulthood. Finally, we make suggestions how empirical findings on the work-family interplay might be integrated into new organizational socialization programs and initiatives.

DOI10.1007/978-94-017-9798-6_6
Citation Key1622

Facteurs facilitant ou entravant la participation des personnes âgées à des programmes de prévention des chutes: Une revue de littérature

TitleFacteurs facilitant ou entravant la participation des personnes âgées à des programmes de prévention des chutes: Une revue de littérature
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPin, S, Spini, D, Bodard, J, Arwidson, P
JournalRevue d’Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Volume63
Issue2
Pagination105-118
Keywordsaccidental falls, aged, attitude to health, motivation, perception, prevention
Abstract

Position du problème
La chute représente la première cause de décès par accident après 65 ans. Les programmes de prévention des chutes sont efficaces, mais ils concernent peu de personnes âgées. Cet article recense la littérature sur les facteurs facilitant et les facteurs entravant la participation à des programmes de prévention des chutes.
Méthodes
Une revue de la littérature a été réalisée pour identifier les documents de langue anglaise, allemande et française publiés entre 1990 et mai 2012. La recherche a été menée sur les bases Medline, PsychInfo, Psychological and behavioral sciences et Francis, sur les bibliographies des articles identifiés et sur des revues de santé publique, de gérontologie et de sciences sociales. Sur 462 documents repérés, 19 ont été retenus et analysés.
Résultats
Sur les 19 articles retenus, 12 portaient sur des études qualitatives et 7 étaient des revues de littérature. Parmi les barrières à la participation à des programmes de prévention des chutes, les documents mettent en avant la perception de la chute comme événement inévitable, le moment inadapté de l’intervention de prévention des chutes et des freins matériels. Au contraire, une présentation des programmes de prévention par un professionnel ou un proche, la mise en avant des bénéfices sociaux des interventions et l’adéquation des programmes avec les besoins des bénéficiaires constituent des facteurs facilitant la participation et l’adhésion des personnes âgées.
Conclusion
Cette revue de littérature identifie trois enjeux majeurs à considérer pour implanter durablement et de façon acceptable des programmes de prévention des chutes: l’accessibilité; le choix du référent; et les représentations sociales de la chute.

DOI10.1016/j.respe.2014.10.008
Citation Key1621
Refereed DesignationRefereed

A comparative study on fertility among the descendants of immigrants in Europe

TitleA comparative study on fertility among the descendants of immigrants in Europe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKulu, H, Hannemann, T, Pailhé, A, Neels, K, Rahnu, L, Puur, A, Krapf, S, González-Ferrer, A, Castro-Martin, T, Kraus, E, Bernardi, L, Guarin, A, Andersson, G, Persson, L
JournalFamilies And Societies
Volume2015
Issue40
Pagination1-32
KeywordsEurope, fertility, immigrants, Poisson regression, second generation
Abstract

This study investigates the childbearing patterns of the descendants of immigrants in selected European countries, with a focus on ethnic minority women whose parents arrived in Europe from high-fertility countries. While the fertility levels of immigrants to Europe have been examined in the recent literature, the childbearing patterns among their descendants have received little attention. Using longitudinal data from eight European countries and applying Poisson regression models, the study shows that many descendants of immigrants exhibit first-birth levels that are similar to the ‘native’ population in their respective countries; however, first-birth levels are elevated among women of Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin in the UK and for those of Turkish descent in France and Belgium. Transition rates to a second child vary less across ethnic groups. Most ethnic minority women in the UK, France and Belgium show significantly higher third-birth levels than ‘natives’ in those countries. The inclusion of women’s level of education in the analysis has little effect on fertility differences across the ethnic groups. Overall, the childbearing behaviour of the descendants of immigrants falls in between the fertility pathways experienced by their parents’ generation and the respective ‘native’ populations. The analysis supports the idea that both the mainstream society and the minority subculture shape the childbearing patterns of the descendants of immigrants in Europe.

URLhttp://www.familiesandsocieties.eu/?page_id=3341
Citation Key1620
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

First child among immigrants and their descendants in Switzerland

TitleFirst child among immigrants and their descendants in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsGuarin, A, Bernardi, L
JournalFamilies And Societies
Volume2015
Issue39
Pagination150-171
Keywordschildbearing, immigrants, second-generation immigrants, Switzerland
Abstract

Drawing on data from the Swiss Household Panel (SHP), we examine the first birth behaviour of immigrants and their descendants by comparing their patterns to those of the ‘native’ population in Switzerland. Using event-history techniques, the empirical evidence shows that all second-generation immigrants (2G) have similar probabilities of becoming parents than Swiss natives, with the exception of 2G with Former Yugoslavian and Turkish origins. The latter group is more likely of becoming parents and having children at younger ages than their counterparts from Switzerland and from other origin.

URLhttp://www.familiesandsocieties.eu/?page_id=3334
Citation Key1619
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

Union formation among immigrants and their descendants in Switzerland

TitleUnion formation among immigrants and their descendants in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGuarin, A, Bernardi, L
JournalFamilies And Societies
Volume2014
Issue13
Pagination74-97
Keywordsimmigrants, marriage, Switzerland, the second-generation migrants
Abstract

Drawing on data from the Swiss Household Panel (SHP), we examine first union formation among immigrants and their descendants by comparing their behaviour to thatof the ‘native’ population in Switzerland. The empirical evidence shows that there are differences in the timing of union formation between immigrantsand the Swiss natives. Within the immigrant group, we also observe differences between those who arrived in Switzerland as adults and their descendants, who have been born or socialized in Switzerland from very early ages. The formation of a first union amongthe descendants of immigrants occurs later than among immigrants. This supports the adaptation (integration) hypothesis: through generations, social norms of the host country are adopted and integrated in union behaviour of individuals with a migrant background.

URLhttp://www.familiesandsocieties.eu/?page_id=2370
Citation Key1618
Refereed DesignationNon-Refereed

The effect of the socioeconomic status of ethnic groups on educational inequalities in Switzerland: Which "hidden" mechanisms?

TitleThe effect of the socioeconomic status of ethnic groups on educational inequalities in Switzerland: Which "hidden" mechanisms?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsGomensoro, A, Bolzman, C
JournalItalian Journal of Sociology of Education
Volume7
Issue2
Pagination70-98
ISSN2035-4983
Keywordseducational inequality, educational trajectory, second-generation immigrants, socioeconomic status
Abstract

Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the major explanatory factors of educational inequalities between ethnic groups. Nevertheless, this relation has rarely been explored in detail, taking into account educational trajectories instead of educational attainment. What is the impact of the SES of ethnic groups on educational trajectories? And by which “hidden mechanisms” SES background concretely influences the educational trajectories of youths? Based on the “Transition from education to employment” (TREE) longitudinal database in Switzerland, we propose a typology of post-compulsory educational pathways and we observe the impact of SES on the odds of taking a given path. Our analysis shows that, compared to other ethnic groups, second-generation from former-Yugoslavia, Portugal and Turkey are overrepresented in vocational and more problematic pathways mainly because of their low SES, but not exclusively. In addition, we conducted 50 biographical interviews with children of Albanian-speaking immigrants. We identified the fact that the SES effect is often nested with other negative factors related to the family, such as a precarious legal status, difficult living conditions, a lack of linguistic and social capital, etc. and related to the educational system that selects students into different tracks, constraints educational opportunities and reproduces educational inequalities.

URLhttp://journals.padovauniversitypress.it/ijse/content/effect-socioeconomic-status-ethnic-groups-educational-inequalities-switzerland-which-%E2%80%9Chidden
Citation Key1617
Refereed DesignationRefereed

A life course perspective on health trajectories and transitions

TitleA life course perspective on health trajectories and transitions
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2015
Series EditorBurton-Jeangros, C, Cullati, S, Sacker, A, Blane, D
Series TitleLife course research and social policies
Volume4
Number of Pages213
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York
ISBN Number978-3-319-20483-3
Keywordshealth trajectories, health transitions, life course, vulnerability
Abstract

This book examines health trajectories and health transitions at different stages of the life course, including childhood, adulthood and later life. It provides findings that assess the role of biological and social transitions on health status over time.
The essays examine a wide range of health issues, including the consequences of military service on body mass index, childhood obesity and cardiovascular health, socio-economic inequalities in preventive health care use, depression and anxiety during the child rearing period, health trajectories and transitions in people with cystic fibrosis, and oral health over the life course.
The book addresses theoretical, empirical and methodological issues as well as examines different national contexts, which help to identify factors of vulnerability and potential resources that support resilience available for specific groups and/or populations.
Health reflects the ability of individuals to adapt to their social environment. This book analyzes health as a dynamic experience. It examines how different aspects of individual health unfold over time as a result of aging but also in relation to changing socioeconomic conditions. It also offers readers potential insights into public policies that affect the health status of a population.

Citation Key1616

Quelques défis pour l’appréhension sociologique des souffrances au travail sous l’angle du genre

TitleQuelques défis pour l’appréhension sociologique des souffrances au travail sous l’angle du genre
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLe Feuvre, N
EditorBercot, R
Book TitleLa santé au travail au prisme du genre: Épistémologie, enquêtes et perspectives internationales
Series TitleColloques & Congrès
Chapter5
Pagination105-125
PublisherOctarès
Place PublishedToulouse
ISBN Number978-2-36630-036-9
Citation Key1612

Contractualising social policies: A way towards more active social citizenship and enhanced capabilities?

TitleContractualising social policies: A way towards more active social citizenship and enhanced capabilities?
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsBonvin, J-M, Rosenstein, E
EditorErvik, R, Kildal, N, Nilssen, E
Book TitleNew Contractualism in European Welfare Policies
Chapter3
Pagination47-72
PublisherAshgate
Place PublishedAldershot
ISBN Number978-1-4724-4505-6
Citation Key1611

What matters in differences between life trajectories: A comparative review of sequence dissimilarity measures

TitleWhat matters in differences between life trajectories: A comparative review of sequence dissimilarity measures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsStuder, M, Ritschard, G
JournalJournal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society)
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordsdissimilarity, distance, duration, optimal matching, sequencing, spells, state sequences, timing
Abstract

This is a comparative study of the multiple ways of measuring dissimilarities between state sequences. For sequences describing life courses, such as family life trajectories or professional careers, the important differences between the sequences essentially concern the sequencing (the order in which successive states appear), the timing, and the duration of the spells in the successive states. Even if some distance measures underperform, it has been shown that there is no universally optimal distance index and that the choice of a measure depends on which aspect we want to focus on. This study also introduces novel ways of measuring dissimilarities that overcome the flaws in existing measures.

DOI10.1111/rssa.12125
Citation Key1610
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Wohlbefindenstheorien

TitleWohlbefindenstheorien
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPerrig-Chiello, P, Spahni, S
EditorGalliker, M, Wolfradt, U
Book TitleKompendium psychologischer Theorien
Series TitleSuhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft
Pagination545-549
PublisherSuhrkamp
Place PublishedBerlin
ISBN Number978-3-518-29754-4
Citation Key1609

Disziplinäre Exzellenz versus interdisziplinärer Pragmatismus: Überlegungen zur Popularität einer Kontroverse

TitleDisziplinäre Exzellenz versus interdisziplinärer Pragmatismus: Überlegungen zur Popularität einer Kontroverse
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPerrig-Chiello, P
EditorEngler, B
Book TitleDisziplin – Discipline
Pagination117-134
PublisherAcademic Press Fribourg
Place PublishedFribourg
ISBN Number978-3-7278-1759-5
Citation Key1608

Influence of individual characteristics on work engagement and job stress in a sample of national and migrant workers in Switzerland

TitleInfluence of individual characteristics on work engagement and job stress in a sample of national and migrant workers in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsPocnet, C, Antonietti, J-P, Massoudi, K, Györkös, C, Becker, J, de Bruin, GP, Rossier, J
JournalSwiss Journal of Psychology
Volume74
Issue1
Pagination17-27
Keywordsjob stress, nationality, personality, work engagement
Abstract

In most Western postindustrial societies today, the population is aging, businesses are faced with global integration, and important migration flows are taking place. Increasingly work organizations are hiring crossnational and multicultural workteams. In this situation it is important to understand the influence of certain individual and cultural characteristics on the process of professional integration. The present study explores the links between personality traits, demographic characteristics (age, sex, education, income, and nationality), work engagement, and job stress. The sample consisted of 618 persons, including 394 Swiss workers (200 women, 194 men) and 224 foreigners living and working in Switzerland (117 women, 107 men). Each participant completed the NEO-FFI, the UWES, and the GWSS questionnaires. Our results show an interaction between age and nationality with respect to work engagement and general job stress. The levels of work engagement and job stress appear to increase with age among national workers, whereas they decrease among foreign workers. In addition, work engagement was negatively associated with Neuroticism and positively associated with the other four personality dimensions. Finally, job stress was positively associated with Neuroticism and Conscientiousness, and negatively associated with Extraversion. However, the strength of these relationships appeared to vary according to the worker’s nationality, age, sex, education, and income.

DOI10.1024/1421-0185/a000146
Citation Key1607
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Personality assessment and career interventions

TitlePersonality assessment and career interventions
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRossier, J
EditorHartung, PJ, Savickas, ML, Walsh, WB
Book TitleAPA Handbook of Career Intervention
Series TitleAPA Handbooks in Psychology
Volume1: Foundations
Chapter18
Pagination327-350
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
Place PublishedWashington, DC
ISBN Number978-1-4338-1753-3
Citation Key1606

La mémoire autobiographique à travers le parcours de vie: Évaluation rétrospective du bonheur et de la vulnérabilité

TitleLa mémoire autobiographique à travers le parcours de vie: Évaluation rétrospective du bonheur et de la vulnérabilité
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDasoki, N, Morselli, D, Spini, D
JournalLIVES Working Papers
Volume2015
Issue43
Pagination1-22
PublisherNCCR LIVES
ISSN2296-1658
Keywordsbonheur, effet de positivité, mémoire autobiographique, parcours de vie, personnes âgés, vulnérabilité
Abstract

L’intérêt de ce projet est de comprendre d’un côté si entre la population âgé il existe des différences d’âge dans le sens de l’effet de positivité. De l’autre côté, nous testons si les perceptions de bonheur et de vulnérabilité répondent à deux processus différents de rappel. Pour tester nos hypothèses nous avons utilisé l’enquête Vivre / Leben / Vivere sur une population Suisse de 65 ans et plus (N=4200). Les résultats montrent que le bonheur dépend des normes culturelles et sociales alors que la vulnérabilité d’un effet d’âge. Pour le bonheur il n’existe pas de différences d’âge, alors que pour la vulnérabilité oui: les groups plus âgés ont moins de probabilité d’indiquer des moments de vulnérabilité durant la plus grande partie de leur vie.

DOI10.12682/lives.2296-1658.2015.43
Citation Key1605

Measuring attachment to life in old age: the Portuguese version of the Positive Valuation of Life Scale (Positive VOL)

TitleMeasuring attachment to life in old age: the Portuguese version of the Positive Valuation of Life Scale (Positive VOL)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsAraújo, L, Ribeiro, O, Teixeira, L, Azevedo, MJ, Jopp, D, Rott, C, Paúl, C
JournalQuality of Life Research
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordsold, Portugal, quality of life, validation studies, very old age
Abstract

Purpose
This study aims to present the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Positive Valuation of Life Scale (Lawton et al. in J Aging Ment Healt 13:3–31, 2001).

Method
Sample included 207 community-dwelling elders (129 women; M Age = 77.2 years, SD = 7.5). The data collection included the translated and adapted Portuguese version of Positive Valuation of Life Scale, Life Satisfaction Index Z, Meaning in Life Questionnaire and Geriatric Depression Scale.

Results
From exploratory factor analysis, two factors emerged, existential beliefs and perceived control, explaining 49 % of the total variance. Both factors were positively related with meaning in life and life satisfaction and negatively related with depression (p 0.75).

Conclusion
The Portuguese version of Positive VOL Scale represents a reliable and valid measure to capture the subjective experience of attachment to one’s life. The two-factor structure is an update to Lawton’s previous work and in line with findings obtained in the USA (Dennis et al. in What is valuation of life for frail community-dwelling older adults: factor structure and criterion validity of the VOL, Thomas Jefferson University, Center for Applied Research on Aging and Health Research, 2005) and Japan (Nakagawa et al. in Shinrigaku Kenkyu 84:37–46, 2013). Future research is required to investigate VOL predictors and the potential changes toward the end of the life span.

DOI10.1007/s11136-015-0981-z
Citation Key1603
Refereed DesignationRefereed

How could lay perspectives on successful aging complement scientific theory? Findings from a U.S. and a German life-span sample

TitleHow could lay perspectives on successful aging complement scientific theory? Findings from a U.S. and a German life-span sample
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsJopp, D, Wozniak, D, Damarin, A, De Feo, M, Jung, S, Jeswani, S
JournalThe Gerontologist
Volume55
Issue1
Pagination91-106
Keywordslay perspective, qualitative interviews, successful aging
Abstract

Purpose of the Study: This article investigates lay perspectives of the concept of successful aging in young, middle-aged, and older adults from 2 cultures, the United States and Germany, to potentially guide the development of scientific theories of successful aging. The empirical findings are embedded in a comprehensive overview of theories of successful aging and life-span development and offer implications for theory development.
Design and Methods: Two samples of young, middle-aged, and older adults from the United States (N = 151) and Germany (N = 155) were asked about definitions and determinants of successful aging. Codes were developed to capture common themes among the answers, resulting in 16 categories.
Results: Themes mentioned included resources (health, social), behaviors (activities), and psychological factors (strategies, attitudes/beliefs, well-being, meaning). There were striking similarities across countries, age, and gender. Health and Social Resources were mentioned most frequently, followed by Activities/Interests, Virtues/Attitudes/Beliefs, Well-being, and Life management/Coping. Age differences were limited to Growth/Maturation and Respect/Success, and gender differences were limited to Social Resources and Well-being. Educational and cultural effects were limited to psychological factors and Education/Knowledge, which were more often mentioned by U.S. participants and individuals with more education.
Implications: Young, middle-aged, and older lay persons from the United States and Germany have quite similar concepts of successful aging, which they view in far more multidimensional terms than do established scientific theories (Rowe & Kahn, 1998). Given evidence that factors mentioned by laypeople do promote successful aging, considering them in more comprehensive theoretical models may enhance our understanding.

DOI10.1093/geront/gnu059
Citation Key1602
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The irony of social trust: Individual-level and contextual-level links with protest intention and radical right support in Switzerland

TitleThe irony of social trust: Individual-level and contextual-level links with protest intention and radical right support in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsGlaeser, S
JournalJournal of Community and Applied Social Psychology
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordscollective action, exclusion, inclusion, multi-level analysis, protest, radical right support, social capital, social trust, Switzerland
Abstract

This research examines how social trust translates into dynamics of mobilisation for inclusion or exclusion in Swiss cantons by studying how social trust is linked to equality-directed protest intention versus radical right support, comparing individual-level and contextual-level relationships. The study is based on data from the Swiss Household Panel collected between 2002 and 2008. The impact of individual-level and contextual-level social trust is analysed in three-level regression models of repeated observations, nested in individuals who are nested in cantons. The results indicate complex patterns that depend on the level at which social trust is assessed and confirm the need for a contextualised view of social trust and social capital. For individuals, higher social trust is associated with higher protest intention and lower radical right support. However, in cantons characterised by higher rates of social trust, individuals are less likely to engage in protest actions and more likely to support the radical right. Further analyses show that canton-level social trust is intertwined with other contextual factors, suggesting that in certain configurations, that is, combined with low levels of cultural and social diversity, climates of social trust may be linked to more restricted forms of solidarity and the persistence of inequality.

DOI10.1002/casp.2237
Citation Key1600
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Instaurer des normes de bonne parentalité. Les indicateurs statistiques des risques et du bien-être de l’enfant aux États-Unis

TitleInstaurer des normes de bonne parentalité. Les indicateurs statistiques des risques et du bien-être de l’enfant aux États-Unis
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGaberel, P
EditorMartin, C
Book Title«Être un bon parent»: Une injonction contemporaine.
Series TitleLien social et Politiques
Chapter1.2
Pagination53-72
PublisherPresses de l'École des hautes études en santé publique
Place PublishedParis
ISBN Number978-2-8109-0260-6
Keywordschildren, parenthood, risk, statistics, USA, wellbeing
Abstract

A l’instar de la littérature sur la parentalité dont le volume a triplé chaque dix ans de 1950 à 1989 pour doubler dans les années 90 et s’accroître ensuite plus régulièrement ces quinze dernières années (Modak, Gaberel, & Hounet, 2012), la publication d’indicateurs de risques et du bien-être de l’enfant débute dans la décennie 1950 et s’accroît depuis régulièrement en diversifiant les lieux, les niveaux et les populations dont les risques et le bien-être sont évalués (Arieh, 2006). Une recherche récente sur les controverses de la parentalité nous a conduit à mettre en lien le développement de ces systèmes d’indicateurs et les normes de la bonne parentalité qui répondent aux changements démographiques et sociaux comme la rareté de l’enfant, la fragilisation des liens conjugaux, la multiplication des formes familiales, l’augmentation de l’insertion professionnelle, la fragilisation des conditions économiques ou encore la réforme des dispositifs de prise en charge de l’enfant. Nous avons ainsi retenu un petit nombre de documents faisant explicitement le lien entre parentalité et indicateurs de bien-être de l’enfant. D’abord centrée sur les années 2000 à 2011 en Amérique du nord, nous avons élargi notre investigation à la décennie précédente. En effet, depuis 1990, plusieurs organismes états-uniens développent et promeuvent des systèmes d’indicateurs statistiques mesurant le bien-être de la population enfantine et de la jeunesse de nombreuses villes et états des Etats-Unis. Le premier programme, initié par le Centre pour l’étude de la politique sociale situé à Washington DC (Center for the Study of Social Policy, CSSP) et financé par la fondation Annie E. Casey, s’intitule « Kids Count » (CSSP, 1990). Il propose un ensemble d’indicateurs décrivant des situations locales laissant aux acteurs du lieu, municipalités, communautés urbaines, services de protection de l’enfance de l’État ou acteurs privés, le soin de mobiliser ces indicateurs pour analyser la situation de l’enfance ou de la jeunesse en terme de bien-être, de risque ou de politique sociale, familiale ou de formation. Ces systèmes d’indicateurs ont ceci d’intéressant qu’ils définissent implicitement les conditions de la bonne parentalité même si, à l’origine, ils mesurent essentiellement des mises en danger des enfants par des risques sanitaires, économiques et environnementaux.

Citation Key1599

Pages