Uncovering the care setting–turnover intention relationship of geriatric nurses
|Title||Uncovering the care setting–turnover intention relationship of geriatric nurses|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Rahnfeld, M, Wendsche, J, Ihle, A, Müller, SR, Kliegel, M|
|Journal||European Journal of Ageing|
|Keywords||geriatric nurses, health, job demands, job satisfaction, resources, turnover intention|
In times of global demographic changes strategies are needed for improving nursing staff retention. We examined the association of care setting (nursing homes and home care) with geriatric nurses’ intention to leave their job and their profession. Thus far it is unclear why nurses’ turnover intention and behaviour do not differ between care settings although working conditions tend to be better in home care. We used the Job Demands-Resources model to explain indirect and buffering effects by job demands (time pressure social conflicts) and resources (task identity supervisor support and co-worker support) via nurses’ perceived health and job satisfaction on nurses’ leaving intentions. The present cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted with a sample of N = 278 registered nurses and nursing aides in German geriatric care. As expected there was no direct relationship between care setting and leaving attitudes. Demands and resources predicted the intention to leave with job satisfaction as mediator. We found more demands in nursing homes but no differences in resources. Serial mediation effects of care setting on intentions to leave via demands/resources and health/job satisfaction as mediators were found only for time pressure and social conflicts. Unexpectedly there were no clear differences between intention to leave the job and the profession. As hypotheses were only partly confirmed other buffering and detrimental effects on leaving intentions are discussed. The present data suggest that detailed concepts for personnel and career planning in geriatric care are needed.