Stress and prospective memory: What is the role of cortisol?
|Title||Stress and prospective memory: What is the role of cortisol?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Ballhausen, N, Kliegel, M, Rimmele, U|
|Journal||Neurobiology of Learning and Memory|
|Keywords||Circadian rhythm, cortisol, Focality, prospective memory, stress, www3|
Studies investigating effects of acute stress on Prospective Memory (PM) so far yielded heterogeneous findings. Although results were commonly attributed to stress-induced changes in cortisol, past research did not disentangle effects of cortisol from the effects of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation and cognitive reappraisal. The present study therefore aimed at investigating the mere effect of cortisol on PM tasks that differently involve prefrontal brain regions (nonfocal vs. focal PM tasks) via a placebo-controlled oral pharmacological intake of 10 mg hydrocortisone mimicking physiological responses to stress. Contrary to our prediction, enhanced levels of cortisol did not affect PM accuracy and monitoring costs, neither for the focal nor the nonfocal PM tasks. These results suggest that changes of cortisol levels do not underlie potential stress effects on PM. Further exploratory results revealed that PM performance was higher in the 3 pm than in the 1 pm placebo group. This means that PM performance, independently of effects of cortisol, seem to vary throughout the day.