The role of attitudes towards maternal employment in the relationship between job quality and fertility intentions
|Title||The role of attitudes towards maternal employment in the relationship between job quality and fertility intentions|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Hanappi, D, Ryser, V-A, Bernardi, L|
|Journal||Journal of Research in Gender Studies|
|Keywords||fertility intention, job quality, maternal employment|
Where changes in fertility timing and sequencing do not suffice in explaining low fertility, scholars typically turn to socioeconomic determinants of fertility intentions like income, employment status, or work hours. Yet, few studies have focused on the importance of job quality and its relation to gender role attitudes. We examine in what way perceived job quality in terms of job stability and prestige are associated with the intention to have a child for men and women in the low fertility context Switzerland, whether job quality matters equally for first and subsequent child intentions, and whether a gender-unequal attitude changes the effects of job quality on the childbearing intentions of men and women. Using data from the Swiss Household Panel (waves 2002–2011), we estimate separate logit models of the fertility intentions of men and women without children and those with at least one child. We find that perceived job instability negatively affects the intention of having a first child for women but not for men. Our analyses suggest that the relation between perceived job quality and fertility intention is partially mediated by gender attitudes in so far as they modify the salience of job quality for men and women.