The impact of social isolation on pain interference: A longitudinal study

TitleThe impact of social isolation on pain interference: A longitudinal study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKarayannis, NV, Baumann, I, Sturgeon, JA, Melloh, M, Mackey, SC
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
ISSN0883-6612, 1532-4796
KeywordsChronic pain, Pain interference, Physical function, Social isolation
Abstract

Abstract
Background : Evidence suggests social interactions play an important role in pain perception. Purpose : The aim of this study was to determine whether
social isolation (SI) in people with persistent pain determines pain interference (PI) and physical function over time. Methods : Patients seeking care at a tertiary pain management referral center were administered the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS.) SI, PI, physical function, depression, and average pain intensity item banks at their initial consultation and subsequent visits as part of their routine clinical care. We used a post hoc simulation of an experiment using propensity score matching (n = 4,950) and carried out a cross-lagged longitudinal analysis (n = 312) of retrospective observational data. Results : Cross-lagged longitudinal analysis showed that SI predicted PI at the next time point, above and beyond the effects of pain intensity and covariates, but not vice versa. Conclusions : These data support the importance of SI as a factor in pain-related appraisal and coping and demonstrate that a comprehensive assessment of the individuals’ social context can provide a better understanding of the differential trajectories for a person living with pain. Our study provides evidence that the impact of pain is reduced in individuals who perceive a greater sense of inclusion from and engagement with others. This study enhances the understanding of how social factors affect pain and have implications for how the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions may be improved. Therapeutic interventions aimed at increasing social connection hold merit in reducing the impact of pain on engagement with activities.

URLhttps://academic.oup.com/abm/advance-article/doi/10.1093/abm/kay017/4969712
DOI10.1093/abm/kay017
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{:status: Advance online publication}