Between equity and differentiation: An analytical schema of the social function of education
|Title||Between equity and differentiation: An analytical schema of the social function of education|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Madero Cabib, I, Madero Cabib, C|
|Journal||International Journal of Sociology of Education|
|Keywords||educational system, inclusion/exclusion, internal function, paradox, social function|
The educational sphere has an internal function relatively agreed by social scientists. Nonetheless, the contribution that educational systems provide to the society (i.e., their social function) does not have the same degree of consensus. Taking into consideration such theoretical precedent, the current article raises an analytical schema to grasp the social function of education considering a sociological perspective. Starting from the assumption that there is an intrinsic relationship between the internal and social functions of social systems, we suggest there are particular stratification determinants modifying the internal pedagogical function of education, which impact on its social function by creating simultaneous conditions of equity and differentiation. Throughout the paper this social function is considered a paradoxical mechanism. We highlight how this paradoxical dynamic is deployed in different structural levels of the educational sphere. Additionally, we discuss eventual consequences of this paradoxical social function for the inclusion possibilities that educational systems offer to individuals.