Bereavement and complicated grief across the life span
|Title||Bereavement and complicated grief across the life span|
|Publication Type||Book Chapter|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Book Title||International encyclopedia of the social & behavioral sciences|
|Place Published||Amsterdam, The Netherlands|
|Keywords||anxiety, bereavement, CGD, cognitive restructuring, complicated grief, CR, depression, diagnosis, diagnostic criteria, emotion regulation, grief, HPA-axis, life event, life span, post-traumatic stress disorder, prolonged grief disorder, psychological intervention, psychotherapy, PTSD|
Loss can be seen as a normative life event; nevertheless for most individuals, the experience of the loss of a loved one is extremely stressful. The grief reaction is universal but shaped by cultural norms and individual expectations; grief may also become a serious health problem. The aim of this article is to review the consequences of grief as well as explanations and treatment of complicated grief disorder. Five areas are identified to be of importance to clinicians and researchers: (1) grief reactions, (2) models of grief, (3) bereavement across the life span, (4) diagnostic criteria, and (5) treatment for complicated grief.