Age differences in day-to-day speed-accuracy tradeoffs: Results from the COGITO study
|Title||Age differences in day-to-day speed-accuracy tradeoffs: Results from the COGITO study|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Ghisletta, P, Joly-Burra, E, Aichele, S, Lindenberger, U, Schmiedek, F|
|Journal||Multivariate Behavioral Research|
|Keywords||COGITO, multilevel vector autoregressive model, reaction time, speed-accuracy tradeoff, www|
We examined adult age differences in day-to-day adjustments in speed-accuracy tradeoffs (SAT) on a figural comparison task. Data came from the COGITO study, with over 100 younger and 100 older adults, assessed for over 100 days. Participants were given explicit feedback about their completion time and accuracy each day after task completion. We applied a multivariate vector auto-regressive model of order 1 to the daily mean reaction time (RT) and daily accuracy scores together, within each age group. We expected that participants adjusted their SAT if the two cross-regressive parameters from RT (or accuracy) on day t-1 of accuracy (or RT) on day t were sizable and negative. We found that: (a) the temporal dependencies of both accuracy and RT were quite strong in both age groups; (b) younger adults showed an effect of their accuracy on day t-1 on their RT on day t, a pattern that was in accordance with adjustments of their SAT; (c) older adults did not appear to adjust their SAT; (d) these effects were partly associated with reliable individual differences within each age group. We discuss possible explanations for older adults’ reluctance to recalibrate speed and accuracy on a day-to-day basis.