The relation of education and cognitive activity to mini-mental state in old age: the role of functional fitness status

TitleThe relation of education and cognitive activity to mini-mental state in old age: the role of functional fitness status
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsIhle, A, Gouveia, ÉR, Gouveia, BR, Freitas, DL, Jurema, J, Ornelas, RT, Antunes, AM, Muniz, BR, Kliegel, M
JournalEuropean Journal of Ageing
Volume15
Pagination123–131
ISSN1613-9380
Abstract

It remains unclear so far whether the role of cognitive reserve for cognitive functioning in old age may differ between individuals with low, compared to those with high functional fitness status. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of education and cognitive leisure activity as key markers of cognitive reserve to mini-mental state in old age (as an indicator of the extent of cognitive impairment) and its interplay with functional fitness status in a large sample of older adults. We assessed MMSE in 701 older adults (M = 70.4 years, SD = 6.9, range: 60–91). We measured functional fitness status using the Senior Fitness Test battery and interviewed individuals on their education and cognitive leisure activity. Results showed that better functional fitness status, longer education, and greater engagement in cognitive leisure activity were significantly related to higher MMSE scores. Moderation analyses showed that the relations of education and cognitive leisure activity to MMSE scores were significantly larger in

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-017-0441-4
DOI10.1007/s10433-017-0441-4