A book on the career paths of musicians in French-speaking Switzerland

A book on the career paths of musicians in French-speaking Switzerland

What did it mean to be a musician in the French-speaking part of Switzerland in 2010? How could a person make a living from it? Marc Perrenoud and Pierre Bataille, members of NCCR LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: A Life Course Perspective, examined the professional trajectories of musicians in French-speaking Switzerland. Their book Vivre de la musique? describes three ways of being a musician differentiated not by musical genres or training, but by sources of income.

The music community and careers in music present a wide variety of organizational modes and forms of employment. The Musicians' LIVES' study identified three occupational categories:

  • Creators, who play their personal compositions, often at concerts or shows. They represent about 25% of the study’s respondents.
  • Artisans, who perform in public, generally in contexts where music is secondary, such as commercial events or private parties. This group represents about one-third of the Musicians LIVES sample.
  • Teachers, who derive their income mainly, if not exclusively, from teaching music, although they remain well integrated into the musical milieu. This path is also a possible end-of-career reconversion for artisans and creators. These respondents comprise the remaining 40% of the study’s subjects.

This classification derives from the income type of female musicians, namely copyright, fees and teaching related income. Indeed, researchers have found that pathways differentiate relatively early into one category or another and remain there. In addition, these pathways provide insights into individuals’ social origins. Thus, the education level of “artisans” is, on average, lower than that of the other two categories.

The Musicians' LIVES' study - 4 years listening to 123 music professionals

For 4 years, University of Lausanne sociologist and anthropologist Marc Perrenoud, University of Grenoble-Alpes sociologist Pierre Bataille and their team met and interviewed people who make a living from music in French-speaking Switzerland to learn the details of these individuals’ varied, touching and sometimes chaotic life paths. Some of these trajectories illustrate the three professional categories in the book Vivre de la musique?, which is the fruit of their work and rendering of the study Musicians’ LIVES’. This rich field research analyses the characteristics of this environment as well as the inequalities that can result from it. 

Refugee routes: soirée d'information sur le Sri Lanka

Refugee routes: soirée d'information sur le Sri Lanka

Cette soirée "Refugee Routes" aura lieu le 26 novembre prochain à Berne et le 27 novembre à Lausanne et traitera de la situation des réfugiés sri lankais. Ces soirées, organisées par l’OSAR avec le soutien du Pôle de recherche national LIVES, ont pour but de mieux comprendre la situation des réfugiés en Suisse, les raisons qui les ont poussés à l’exil et leurs conditions d’accueil en Suisse. Elles s’adressent à toute personne intéressée, en particulier dans les milieux associatifs et institutionnels.

Les présentations seront dédiés à la situation sri lankaise, où d'anciennes tensions intercommunautaires entre musulmans et bouddhistes sont ravivées suite aux attentats d'avril 2019. 

Du passé historique au présent vécu par les réfugiés

Lors de l'évènement, présenté par Mme Catia Luperto à Lausanne et le Dr. Pascal Maeder à Berne du PRN LIVES, des experts de l'OSAR présenteront le contexte et la situation sécuritaire du pays ainsi que les pratiques des autorités suisses en matière d'asile. Enfin, la parole sera donnée également à une personne migrante originaire du Sri Lanka qui témoignera de son histoire en tant que réfugié·e en Suisse.

Informations pratiques - Lausanne

  • Adresse: Espace Dickens, Avenue Charles Dickens 4, 1006 Lausanne
  • Tarif: 20.- CHF/personne
  • Renseignementsadmincours@osar.ch

>> Inscriptions obligatoires (nombre de places limité).

Praktische Informationen - Bern

  • Ort: 3. Stock, Schweizerische Flüchtlingshilfe SFH, Weyermannsstrasse 10, 3008 Bern 
  • Tarif: 20.- CHF pro Person
  • RenseignementsKursadmin@fluechtlingshilfe.ch

>> Obligatorische Anmeldung 

Extended family relationships: What are they in late modernity?

The European Sociological Association (ESA) Research Network "Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives" (RN13) is inviting submissions to its Interim Meeting 2020 at Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic, 15th – 17th June, 2020

The conference puts the focus on family relationships. The call to “think relationally “ resonates in numerous influential works in contemporary sociology of the family. Family sociologists have heard the appeal “to go beyond the nuclear family” and have been seeking to explain or understand the relationships within the extended family framework. Empirical research has shown that notwithstanding increased family diversity, highly diversified family patterns, values and practices, the extended family has not completely disappeared. More recently, the life course perspective also emphasized the importance of contextualizing family relationships within their historical and spatial dimensions. 

Submission and venue information

  • Papers and deadline: Empirical and theoretical papers are welcome. Abstracts of max. 800 words outlining (as appropriate) the research question, theoretical approach, data, methodology, and research findings should be submitted via the conference website esarn13.upol.cz by 16 December 2019.
  • Keynote speaker: François de Singly, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Sorbonne University of Paris Descartes, Center for Research on Social Relations (CERLIS). 
  • Local organizer: Dana Sýkorová, Faculty of Arts, Palacký University Olomouc (dana.sykorova@upol.cz). 
  • Conference emailesarn13.interim2020@gmail.com

Selected papers of the ESA RN13 IM 2020 in Olomouc will have the opportunity to be published in a special issue of the journal Social Inclusion (https://www.cogitatiopress.com/socialinclusion). 

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Aging in good health: the inequalities are widening

Life expectancy is increasing, but this does not necessarily mean more time spent in good health. NCCR LIVES researchers affiliated with the University of Geneva have taken an interest in this evolution and have combined data from the Swiss National Cohort (SNC) with data from the Swiss Health Surveys. The results of their study show that although years of good health are increasing for men and women, there are differences according to education level that increase social inequalities. Thus, in 2010, men with a university degree lived 8.8 years longer in good health than those with only compulsory education, compared to 7.6 years longer in 1990.

Five researchers from the University of Geneva, four of whom are members of the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES “Overcoming Vulnerability: A Life-Course Perspective”, crossed data from the Swiss National Cohort (SNC) with data from the Swiss Health Surveys between 1990 and 2015 to determine whether the years gained in life expectancy added time to health or disease. 

Women continue to live longer than men and have added 3 years to their healthy life expectancies. However, in their case, continuing this longitudinal research is all the more important because women’s social codes and their way of life have changed much more than men’s have. Stéphane Cullati noted, “The gap between women with secondary and tertiary education is indistinguishable here, because our data concern women born in the 1920s and 1930s, when access to higher education was limited and few worked. It would be interesting to repeat this survey in 50 years, now that women are studying and working just as much as men.”

Men have gained 5 years of life, of which 4.5 years are spent in good health, but the most important differences are in education levels. The example of men who have completed compulsory education is telling. “The gap in healthy years between men with compulsory education and men with tertiary education is 7.6 years in 1990, but 8.8 years in 2010, showing that the gap is widening,” explained demographer Adrien Remund. 

Graphs: Life expectancy (LE), Healthy life expectancy (HLE), and Years of bad health (YBH) with 95% confidence intervals by education level and sex (Swiss National Cohort and Swiss Health Interview Survey, Switzerland, 1990–2014). 


Le pouvoir des émotions

Lien social et Politiques vous invite à consulter son nouvel appel de contributions sur le thème « le pouvoir des émotions ». Ce numéro 86 de la revue sera dirigé par Anne Perriard (Haute école de travail social et de la santé, Lausanne) et Cécile Van de Velde (Université de Montréal).

Les émotions sont au cœur de l’actualité : la colère se manifeste dans des affrontements à Hong Kong et par le rejet de l’Union européenne au Royaume-Uni. Au niveau mondial, l’inquiétude face aux changements climatiques et à la pollution favorise de nouveaux discours et l’émergence de mouvements sociaux transnationaux. En Algérie, l’indignation face à la réélection du président conduit la jeunesse à se réapproprier le politique. Avec le mouvement #MeToo, la prise de parole de quelques femmes a transformé des expériences individuelles et passées sous silence en mouvement collectif.

Dans ce numéro de Lien social et Politiques, nous cherchons à mieux saisir cette dynamique des émotions et les processus par lesquels elles peuvent se transformer en pouvoir social et politique.

Consulter l'intégralité de l'appel 

Délai de soumission : 15 décembre 2019