2020 SLLS – SUMMER SCHOOL ON LONGITUDINAL AND LIFE COURSE RESEARCH

2020 SLLS – SUMMER SCHOOL ON LONGITUDINAL AND LIFE COURSE RESEARCH

From August 24 to August 28, the 2020 SLLS Summer School on Longitudinal and Life Course Research will be organized at the NCCR LIVES, University of Geneva. Registration is open until May 31 – the number of participants is limited!

Life course research is a burgeoning, interdisciplinary field of studies. It is characterized by theoretical approaches that reflect and inform diverse areas such as sociology, demography, epidemiology, economics, psychology, and social biology. It is also characterized by a set of commonly-used quantitative research methods, such as event-history analysis, multi-level modelling, structural equation modelling and sequence analysis that span disciplinary boundaries.

The Summer School on Longitudinal and Life Course Research brings together scholars from diverse backgrounds and introduces them to the main theories and methods in longitudinal and life course research. Previous schools have been held in Antwerp, Oxford, Bamberg, Zurich and Milan.

The Summer School is intended for post-doctoral fellows and postgraduate research students who are interested in exploring the potential of longitudinal and life course research or who want to further develop their existing skills.

The 2020 School is organized by Matthias Studer (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva) and sponsored in part by the NCCR LIVES.

PROGRAM AND EXPERTS

 The program includes lectures and discussions led by expert researchers. Examples are drawn from a wide range of longitudinal data sets and illustrated with social and biological life course outcomes. Computer lab sessions develop practical and statistical skills for life course research.  

Themes Being Covered Include:

  • Sociology and Demography of the Life Course
  • Life Course Epidemiology
  • Life Course and Genetics
  • Event History Techniques
  • Multilevel Models for Life Course Processes
  • Structural Equation Models (SEM) for longitudinal data
  • Sequence Analysis Approaches

 Full program coming soon.

Experts participating: 

Stéphane Cullati (University of Fribourg), Paolo Ghisletta (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva), Hill Kulu (University of St Andrews), Ross Macmillan (University of Limerick), Dimitri Mortelmans (University of Antwerp), Karel Neels (University of Antwerp), Michael Shanahan (University of Zurich), Matthias Studer (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva) and Eric Widmer (NCCR LIVES and University of Geneva).

Keynote speaker:

To be announced.

PRACTICAL INFORMATIONS

Application:

Applications are open until May 31. The number of participants being restricted, earlier applications will be given higher priorities. 

To apply please fill in this form. 

With the registration, please send us (to upload on the form):

  • A motivation letter presenting your current research and its link with the life course perspective (No longer than 1 page)
  • A Curriculum Vitae including a list of publications

You will receive a notification from the Summer School staff that your application has been received and you will hear whether you have been admitted before June 12, 2020. In all cases, the fee is expected to be paid within 30 days after the notification of acceptance to finalize your registration.

Costs:

The tuition Fee is 450 CHF, covering lectures and computer labs sessions by recognized scholars, coffee breaks as well as the welcome and concluding apéro. Lunch and hotel accommodation are not included.
Participants are responsible for all costs. This includes transportation, food and lodging. For lodging, student accommodations are available in Geneva (but should be booked separately and availability cannot be guaranteed). See ‘Where to sleep’ below.

Where to sleep: 

The Summer School does not include hotel accommodation. Several places propose student accommodations, some with kitchen. We can also assist participants who wish to find colleagues with whom to share accommodations.

For further informations about the accomodations in Geneva and questions about visas, see our ‘FAQ_Practical’.

Contact & Further information: slls-summerschool@unige.ch

IMPORTANT DATES

  • 31 May: Registration deadline.
  • 10 June: Notification of admission.
  • 10 July:  Deadline for the payment of the tuition fee.
  • 24-28 August: Summer School in Geneva

>>>Application form 

>>>FAQ - 2020 SLLS Summer School practical 

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UniTwin international Network

UniTwin international Network

Life Designing interventions (counseling, guidance, education) for decent work and sustainable development

This network was created as part of the UNITWIN/Chairs UNESCO program. It brings together 19 universities from around the world (Europe, South America, North America and Africa) that cooperate to promote access to decent work and decent life through vocational guidance, career counseling and life designing. In order to achieve this, this network takes part in researches and creates programs to promote social inclusion (wp.unil.ch/unitwin).

In this context, the UniTwin international network organizes a day of presentations open to the public. During this day, the members of the network will give symposiums, conferences and do a roundtable. The thematic of this day will be the role of vocational counseling to promote access to sustainable careers.

Presentations will be given in English.

Venue

5-6 March 2020
University of Lausanne, Amphimax, room 414

Registration

Deadline: 1st March 2020
Fees (lunch and coffee breaks included):

  • University members: CHF 40.–
  • Other participants: CHF 50.– 

ONLINE REGISTRATION AND EVENT SITE

www.unil.ch/unitwin/event 

Health and health care in Europe: Between inequalities and new opportunities; Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland; 17-19 June 2020

Mid-Term Conference of the Research Network of Sociology of Health & Illness European Sociological Association Health and health care in Europe: Between inequalities and new opportunities. 17-19 June 2020, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

Keynote speakers

Graham Scambler - Emeritus Professor of Sociology, UCL, UK
Zofia Słońska – PhD, Instytut Kardiologii, Warszawa, Vice-President European
Society for Health and Medical Sociology (ESHMS)
 

Call for Papers

After successful conferences in Lisbon (2016) and Torino (2018), the Mid-term Conference of the Research Network of Sociology of Health and Illness, European Sociological Association (ESA RN16) will be hosted by Jagiellonian University, the oldest university in Poland. In magical Kraków we will undoubtedly enjoy a fruitful, academically inspiring and engaging conference. We will have a comfortable conference venue, delicious and healthy cuisine, beautiful historical monuments, nice hotel base and a friendly, supportive atmosphere. We plan to make the conference full of inspiring presentations, relevant discussions and lively networking opportunities. We are planning a Special Issue of a journal from the conference.

Health is one of the most important goods for individuals and societies. That is why discussion about health and health care should be treated as crucial. The goal of our conference is to gather together scholars who are conducting research in the field of health and health care. We are going to tackle problems of inequalities and focus on new opportunities for addressing them. Sociology has been concerned with inequality from its very beginnings. Inequality means the uneven distribution of goods. One of the most important goods is health, but social factors such as education, employment status, income level, gender, ethnicity, and age influence health status and access to care.
The task of policy makers is to reduce inequalities, which means giving everyone the same opportunities to lead a healthy life. But the task for sociologists is to research and explain what does, or could, cause inequalities and to propose solutions. We know that education, employment status, income level, gender and ethnicity and other factors have a great impact on life expectancy and quality of life. In modern Europe all these social factors are fueled by migration, political tribulations and the neoliberal economy. Value crises, risk, and individualism do not help. Developments in medicine, in medical technology and biotechnology, new treatments and new procedures, and many other things which become an opportunity to cure and care, can be a source of further inequalities. That is why involving social science, in particular sociology, in the discourse about health and health care is important.
Inviting you to Kraków we offer various activities you may wish to participate in:
   1.    Plenary session. Graham Scambler and Zofia Słońska will be our keynote speakers. The title of their presentations will be announced soon.
   2.    How to publish? Karen Lowton on behalf of the Journal Sociology of Health and Illness will present some tips.
   3.   Regular session. We plan 18 sessions. If you want to submit an abstract for an oral presentation please send your abstract (using the form provided) with the session name and other details by the deadline of 28.02.2020 toESARN16conference@uj.edu.pl. For further information please visit our websitehttps://www.europeansociology.org/research-networks/rn16-sociology-health-and-illness
   4.   Poster Session. If you want to present a poster please send your application (on the form provided https://www.europeansociology.org/research-networks/rn16-sociology-health-and-illness by the deadline of 28.02.2020 toESARN16conference@uj.edu.pl.
   5.   Meet a friend. We plan to organize meetings for all who want to find a partner for article or research grant proposal. If you are looking for a colleague with whom you could write article or prepare a grant application, please send application (on the form provided https://www.europeansociology.org/research-networks/rn16-sociology-health-and-illness by the deadline of 28.02.2020 to ESARN16conference@uj.edu.pl.
   6.   PhD and Early Career Researchers’ Workshop. The call for papers will be launched soon.
For submitting your abstract please use the appropriate form and send it toESARN16conference@uj.edu.pl. The address of the webpage of the conference will be announced soon. The registration of the conference will be made online after the launch of the webpage.
Local Organising Committee: Maria Świątkiewicz-Mośny, Aleksandra Wagner, Natalia Ożegalska-Łukasik
Scientific Committee ESA RN16 Board : Ellen Annandale, Ana Patricia Hilário, MariaŚwiatkiewicz-Mośny, Francesca Sirna, Guido Giarelli, Trude Gjernes, Lia Lombardi, Marta Gibin

Neuchâtel's single-parent homes on social assistance in the light of a study by the LIVES research cluster

According to a study by the NCCR LIVES "Overcoming Vulnerability: Life-Course Perspectives", single-parent homes in Neuchâtel on social assistance are generally run by women facing multiple problems. Indeed, interviews with single mothers indicate an accumulation of disadvantages over the life course linked to social origin, incomplete schooling, health problems, migratory experience or inequalities in the life of a couple.

The first part of the study, which is quantitative, provides an overview of the profile of the population concerned for the year 2016 based on the cantonal database of recipients of economic social assistance (ASE). According to this census, in more than 90% of cases, it consists of a single mother of around 40 years of age and her children. These families are more likely to live in the more urbanised areas of the canton. Cases of widowhood are very rare.

Most single parents are in an assistance unit with only one dependent child, and the youngest child is on average 9.5 years old. More than a fifth of the parents are employed and often work part-time. Slightly more than half of the single-parent households receiving ESA in the canton of Neuchâtel are of Swiss nationality, while a quarter are nationals of a European country.

Finally, only a small minority of beneficiaries manage to leave the ASE in less than twelve months, and almost all of the households remain in long-term support. In the beneficiary households headed by fathers, the same profile characteristics of the total population (mothers and fathers) are generally found.

Exit from social assistance impeded by work and health

The second and third parts of the study highlight the factors that may contribute to and exit from welfare. These components are based on interviews with welfare recipients and professionals working in social services. All respondents point to multiple difficulties that accumulate and interlock throughout the life course, until a trigger (job loss, end of unemployment insurance entitlements, separation/divorce, etc.) makes them difficult to manage and leads people to depend on economic social assistance. Thus, the importance of the payment and amounts of alimony and child support is emphasized by both recipients and social work professionals.

The lack of reliable childcare solutions is often mentioned, making it difficult for single parents to pursue a professional activity. Among the factors that can prevent people from leaving the assistance are working in sectors with few jobs, physical health problems or the relatively old age of the beneficiaries for the labour market. In addition, the prospect of becoming subject to seizure in the event of exit from the scheme, for beneficiaries with debts, may create an incentive to stay on welfare.

Prevent, support and educate to get by

The study reveals the importance of working upstream to prevent the accumulation of disadvantages. In this case, it is a question of taking action in multiple areas of life: schooling, mental health, social and professional integration, etc. Furthermore, it is important that the financial support of social assistance be taken into account by family/work reconciliation policies specific to the needs of single parents. From the point of view of the beneficiaries, support solutions better adapted to the different types of beneficiaries would be desirable, depending on the employment sector for example, and in particular in the form of additional training not currently covered by social assistance.

This research was carried out in partnership with the Office for Family Policy and Equality of the Canton of Neuchâtel and led by Dr. Ornella Larenza under the direction of Prof. Laura Bernardi (University of Lausanne, NCCR LIVES). She is studying the multiple facets of single-parent households in Neuchâtel on social assistance. After completing her doctorate at the NCCR LIVES, Dr. Ornella Larenza is now a researcher at the University of Applied Sciences of Ticino (SUPSI).

The complete study is available on our "Reports, partnerships, events" page. Any questions in this regard can be addressed to the author of the study.

Ornella Larenza, PhD

Ricercatrice

SUPSI - Scuola universitaria professionale della Svizzera italiana
DEASS - Dipartimento economia aziendale, sanità e sociale
http://www.supsi.ch/deass
Palazzo E, Via Cantonale 16e
CH-6928 Manno
Ufficio 206
+41 (0)58 666 6729

ornella.larenza@supsi.ch

Public lecture by Prof. Marc Scott (NYU) - Sequence analysis and life course studies

Public lecture by Prof. Marc Scott (NYU) - Sequence analysis and life course studies

Prof. Marc Scott, from New York University, will give a public lecture during NCCR LIVES Doctoriales on 5 February 2020, "Both sides now: Methodological frameworks for objectives and challenges in sequence analysis".

Methods and models for life course studies are guided by the principle that progress through life is contextual and multi-dimensional. This poses the challenge of distilling large sequences of events into meaningful factors that can be related to other dimensions of the life course. Due to the categorical and temporal characteristics of these events, the field of sequence analysis developed to address fundamental social science questions emerging from rich longitudinal studies. These include questions that are relatively easy to state, but hard to specify and answer, such as to what extent does early life history matter in shaping events in later adulthood? More generally, how do we relate the full content of life experiences (literally the information contained within them) to subsequent outcomes, or across concurrent dimensions? We discuss current and developing frameworks that address these methodological challenges, comparing and contrasting them in the context of patterns in cohabitation and professional status (early home life, education, work and family) using the Swiss Household Panel.

Venue

5 February 2020
16.15 - 17.30
UNIL Géopolis, room 2137

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - 9th edition

NCCR LIVES Doctoriales 2020 - 9th edition

Eighteen young researchers of the NCCR LIVES Doctoral Programme will present their thesis projects to internal and external experts on Tuesday 4 and Wednesday 5 February 2020 in Lausanne.

The 9th edition of the National Centre of Competence in Research Doctoral Programme LIVES "Overcoming Vulnerability, Life Course Perspective" will be held at the University of Lausanne, Géopolis, on 4 and 5 February 2020.

During these two days, doctoral students registered in the LIVES Doctoral Program will present the progress of their research. Experts internal and external to LIVES are mobilized to listen to them and comment on their project, bringing interdisciplinary expertise to young researchers.

The themes covered by the current theses cover many of the areas covered by the NCCR LIVES, such as health, ageing, migration, professional trajectories, family, interpersonal networks, social structures and methodology.

The event is closed with a public lecture by Marc Scott, Professor of Applied Statistics at New York University, "Both sides now: Methodological frameworks for objectives and challenges in sequence analysis".

10TH ALPINE POPULATION CONFERENCE

10TH ALPINE POPULATION CONFERENCE

The next Alp-Pop conference will take place on January 19-22, 2019 in La Thuile, Aosta Valley, Italy. It brings together scholars interested in population issues across several disciplines, including demography, economics, epidemiology, political science, sociology and psychology.

The conference emphasizes empirical rigor and innovation over a given topic or geographical area, and meets the challenges of interdisciplinary and international audiences. Inquiries can be addressed via email to: alp.pop@unibocconi.it.

The confirmed key-note speakers for the 2020 Conference are:

  • Hilary HOYNES (University of California Berkeley)
  • Jan VAN BAVEL (University of Leuven)

Alp-Pop scholars confer both formally and informally. A traditional conference program (paper and poster presentations) mixes with group activities in a world-class winter resort. The conference location, the Hotel Planibel in La Thuile (Aosta Valley), is next to the ski-slopes, and is in close proximity to the airports of Geneva and Torino/Milano.

Participants are expected to seek their own funding. Special-rate rooms have been reserved at the conference hotel with arrival on January 19 (conference starts in the afternoon) and departure on January 22 (the conference will end in the late morning). Participants will receive information on how to reach La Thuile and regular updates on the conference organization.

Organizing committee: 

  • Arnstein Aassve (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
  • Massimo Anelli (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
  • Nicoletta Balbo (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
  • Laura Bernardi (Swiss National Center for Competence in Research LIVES, University of Lausanne)
  • Francesco Billari (Dondena Center for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy, Bocconi University)
Inheritance in Switzerland increases but its taxation decreases

Inheritance in Switzerland increases but its taxation decreases

The volume of inheritance in Switzerland should reach a record breaking amount of CHF 95 billion in 2020, which represents an estimated average of 11'000 CHF per capita. According to the last report of the Social Change in Switzerland series, inheritance plays a more and more important role in the fortune of Swiss people, since half of this fortune comes from inheritance. In parallel, taxation on inheritance has globally decreased to reach an average of 1.4% against 4.1% in 1990 in a context of fear of tax evasion. With his article, Marius Brülhart shows that this fear is not verified and that inheritance therefore represents an unexploited tax base.

95 billion is the total sum of inheritances in Switzerland projected for 2020. This amount represents half of the country's wealth today. But this large sum is less and less subject to taxation. In Switzerland, inheritance tax has risen to an average of 1.4% compared with 4.1% in 1990, with some cantons having even abolished this tax. The decrease is partly explained by tax competition, which was a strong argument in the various votes on this subject. However, the fear that fortunes will move to another canton if the tax on inheritance is too high is only "presumed", as Marius Brülhart, professor of economics at the University of Lausanne, proves. Tax competition between the cantons has therefore created a significant untapped tax base that could be used to invest in future public services without any major side effects. With a return to the 1990 tax rate of 4.1%, each canton could generate CHF 2.5 billion.

Older and older heirs
The Swiss are receiving their inheritance later and later in life. 60% of the beneficiaries are people over 60. The trend in donations during life is also on the rise and now accounts for 30-40% of the total volume of inheritances. The impact of inheritances on social inequalities has yet to be studied. On the other hand, inequalities in the distribution of wealth are increasing in Switzerland. Today, 1% of the population holds more than 40% of the total private wealth, compared to around 32% in 1982.

The Social Change in Swizerland series documents the evolution of social structure in Switzerland. It is edited jointly by the Swiss Center of expertise in social sciences FORS, the Life course and inequality research Center LINES and the Swiss National Center of Competences in Research LIVES – Overcoming vulnerabilty: Life course perspectives. The goal is to retrace change in employability, family, income, mobility, votation or gender in Switzerland.

Season's greetings!

Season's greetings!

The NCCR LIVES wishes you that 2020 marks the beginning of a journey full of wonderful surprises.

Best wishes for this new year!

See the animated version of this card on our Vimeo platform. 

Dario Spini, Director

Eric Widmer, Co-director

Colloque LINES / LIVES "Parcours de vie et inégalités sociales"

The Effect of Unemployment Insurance Design on Low Birth Weight and on Partners’ Work Effort

Introduction of the SNF research project, “Family Models and Unemployment: How Intra-Household Economics Moderate the Effects of Unemployment Insurance Design” and presentation of some results from the first two papers. Both papers use quasi-experimental designs looking at changes in unemployment insurance benefits (UI) and use administrative data. In the first paper, the researchers explore how partners within a household support each other during periods of unemployment and how that changes as unemployment insurance benefits erode. It is known that in low-earning or young married households, women increase their incomes when their husbands lose their jobs, called the “Added Worker Effect” or AWE. However, it is not known whether the AWE exists for men nor whether it holds in non-traditional families—a rapidly growing demographic. In this paper the researchers examine the AWE effect for men and for those in non-traditional families. After examining the overall AWE, they consider changes when UI is reduced. In the second paper, they explore the impact of UI generosity on birthweight. It has been shown that UI generosity contributes to better health. However, they do not know: whether these effects extend to family members of the unemployed and whether health effects of UI vary depending on partners’ income. This study addresses these gaps by examining how UI reductions impact the birth weight of children of both women who are themselves unemployed and those who have unemployed partners, for both considering whether partner income buffers the detrimental effects of UI cuts.

Home: a key resource for seniors

Home: a key resource for seniors

The fourth edition of the "Age Report – Habitat et vieillissement : Réalités et enjeux de la diversité" explores the question of housing among elderly people in Switzerland. This report co-directed by Dario Spini (NCCR LIVES) proves the centrality of home in the life of the elderly. Seniors’ satisfaction in terms of housing has globally increased but strong inequalities remain, depending on the linguistic regions and between city and countryside. This is notably linked to the variable economical situation of seniors, one elder in five being at risk of financial precarity. The report presents recommendations and challenges for the future of elderly persons in Switzerland, a population that keeps growing.

The satisfaction linked to the housing conditions hasn’t stopped increasing since 2003, thanks to the comfort of the housing by itself, the neighborhood, the environment as well as the attachment to the living place. Despite these improvements, housing is still a tough challenge, especially for more vulnerable elders. Indeed, one elderly person in five is at risk of financial precarity. According to this study, retired people in Switzerland are globally satisfied by their financial situation, even though big differences exist depending on the linguistic region. This feeling is indeed inferior in the French- and Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland.

This report also presents multiple recommendations and challenges concerning the growing population of elders in Switzerland. 

  • Ensure material security – Housing should be a place prone to answer needs in terms of quality of life for the totality of seniors, independently of their specificities and potential vulnerabilities. 
  • Integrate the interpersonal network – Family and interpersonal network of seniors contribute to the reflection on the privileged living place (apartment, at home care, nursing home, etc.). Taking these relationships into account is important to improve elders’ quality of life.  
  • Considering alternatives – Alternatives to the traditional home and to nursing homes should be developed, in order to better answer seniors’ specific needs, for whom staying home still is a priority. Recommendations like apartment-sharing or specialised units in retirement homes are evoked. 
  • Implicate seniors in decision making – Nursing homes can be considered semi-private spaces, where a lot of decisions are made for the seniors and their living conditions, sometimes without consulting them. This report invites to think about these questions to guarantee personal fulfilment and respect of their private space.

More generally, this book wants to encourage reflection on elders’ living place, by taking into account their large diversity, by including as many influencing factors as possible. Researches conducted as part of the Age Report are an essential tool for field professionals and public authorities representatives.

"Age Report IV - Habitat et vieillissement : Réalités et enjeux de la diversité" is the fourth edition of a report studying the elder population in Switzerland. Co-directed by François Höpflinger (University of Zurich), Valérie Hugentobler (Haute école de travail social et de santé Vaud) et Dario Spini (NCCR LIVES), this book is published by the Age-Stiftung Foundation and supported by the Leenaards Foundation. Based on more than 2'500 interviews and covering the different Swiss linguistic regions, this report focus itself in this edition on the living place. Available in French and German.

Greated risk of long-term unemployment for older workers

Greated risk of long-term unemployment for older workers

In Switzerland, seniors suffer from discrimination during the recruitment process. Although less crucial for managerial jobs, age seems to be a decisive factor in obtaining an employment contract. Employees at the end of their careers who return to work also make significant wage concessions.

Conducted by sociology professor Daniel Oesch, this study shows that employers tend to prefer younger profiles for jobs involving routine or physically demanding tasks. Indeed, although present in all job categories, this discrimination is observed in a slightly different way among blue-collar workers and clerks, affected as early as age 50, and upper-level white-collars employees, who suffer from these difficulties 5 years later.

In addition, salary is another obstacle to the hiring of experienced employees. Although employers agree that wages should increase with work experience, they are not willing to make this investment and continue to favor the hiring of younger employees. The data collected show that, unlike younger workers, older workers who find a new job sacrifice a significant part of their last income, up to 17%. 

People over 50 are less likely to be unemployed than young people, for whom going through unemployment box is more frequent, but who find a new job more easily. This study shows that the duration of unemployment as well as its consequences and induced vulnerabilities are more important for people close to retirement age. In a context where the governments of Europe, including Switzerland, are tending to raise the retirement age, it is urgent to address these issues so that workers at the end of their careers can reintegrate more easily into the labour market.

* LIVES Working Papers is a work-in-progress online series. Each paper receives only limited review. Authors are responsible for the presentation of facts and for the opinions expressed therein, which do not necessarily reflect those of the Swiss National Competence Center in Research LIVES.

GT 29 AISLF Théories critiques - sociologies critiques (Tunis 6-10 juillet)

L'AISLF (Association internationale des sociologues de langue française) lance un appel à communications pour le Congrès GT29 - Théories critiques, sociologies critiques - qui se tiendra à Tunis, du 6 au 10 juillet 2020.

Informations et délais

Un espace public fragmenté ? Les médiations de la critique en question

L’espace public s’est constitué comme intermédiaire entre la sphère privée et le pouvoir politique (État). Il exige des sujets qu’ils fassent un «usage public de leur raison», en exerçant leurs capacités de jugement et de critique sur des questions d’intérêt général. De la part des participant·e·s, cela suppose une aptitude à formuler des énoncés sous la modalité du raisonnement public, et d’élever des propositions générales recevables par un public élargi. Prendre part à cette dynamique de formulation publique suppose une attitude critique. Cette aptitude à adopter le point de vue d’un « autrui généralisé », la posture générale d’un public composé d’agents délibératifs, renvoie en outre à une morale publique. Elle est le soubassement d’une critique politique du pouvoir et l’instance d’un contre-pouvoir.

Les expériences négatives et les blessures morales n’ont, en revanche, pas ce degré de généralité : elles sont situées, elles engagent des corps, des émotions et des sensibilités pratiques. Les travaux sur les « contre-espaces-publics » ont mis en évidence la nécessité d’une telle affirmation de particularité pour faire exister ces critiques. Pour être audibles publiquement, un travail de formulation et de construction de généralité s’impose. Des processus et des espaces ancrés de coordination, de construction et de médiation de la critique sont donc nécessaires. Le travail pratique d’expression, de formulation, et de généralisation rend cette expérience publiquement exprimable. Ce processus médiateur est nécessaire pour passer de l’expérience morale négative à l’expression publique et à la critique au sein d’un espace public politique. Associations, syndicats, organisations politiques, sont autant d’instances de traduction d’une critique pratique (personnelle, singulière) en une critique publique et politique.

À l’heure de la « crise des médiations », mais aussi de l’explosion des revendications de singularité, et d’une tendance du pouvoir politique à se replier sur lui-même en se fermant aux exigences de la société, ce travail de médiation de la critique semble compromis de toute part. Lorsqu’il est fermé à toute contestation et sourd à toute critique, le pouvoir politique alimente d’ailleurs de tels processus de repli – en inhibant d’emblée toute contribution issue des espaces informels d’expression et de mobilisation.

Un des risques de cette situation est la fragmentation de l’espace public en sous-espaces d’expression confinés. Cela peut être le cas des espaces délibératifs en ligne qui s’articulent autour d’une affirmation de singularités propres à des sous-espaces spécifiques. Cela peut être aussi le cas d’autres processus par lesquels les logiques expressives exclusives restent consignées à des espaces restreints, sans articulation publique et politique. Le risque est alors une fragmentation de l’espace public en sous-espaces singuliers incapables de porter des critiques et des revendications capables d’atteindre un degré de généralité pour être recevables dans un public politique élargi. L’espace public perd alors sa capacité à être un contre-pouvoir et le lieu d’un « pouvoir communicationnel ». L’essoufflement des médiations de la critique et l’incapacité croissante des espaces intermédiaires à assurer leur rôle de « caisses de résonance » de la critique pratique rend cette tâche d’autant plus ardue. C’est une des menaces qui pèsent à l’heure actuelle sur l’espace public.

Habitat et liens sociaux: quels enjeux pour les seniors?

Habitat et liens sociaux: quels enjeux pour les seniors?

L'espérance de vie augmente et avec elle, les défis liés aux lieux de vie des seniors. Le Rendez-vous Leenaards âge & société 2019 se penche sur ces questions le jeudi 28 novembre, de 16h30 à 18h30, à Pully (évènement gratuit et ouvert à tous, sur inscription).

Animé par Blaise Willa, rédacteur en chef du magazine générations, ce Rendez-vous Leenaards sera l’occasion de présenter les projets lauréats du Prix "Qualité de vie 65+" 2019 – soutenus pour un montant total de plus de 1 million CHF – et des initiatives pilotes en cours sur le thème de l'habitat. Cet événement public offrira une plateforme de discussion sur les principaux enjeux liés à l’habitat des seniors en Suisse romande avec notamment le Prof. Dario Spini (Directeur du PRN LIVES) et Fabrice Ghelfi, Directeur de la Direction générale de la cohésion sociale (DGCS) du Canton de Vaud. 

A cette occasion, les résultats de l’Age Report IV – vaste enquête menée auprès de plus de 2500 personnes âgées sur leurs aspirations en matière de logement – seront également présentés (www.age-report.ch/fr/) par la Prof. Valérie Hugentobler (Haute école de travail social et de santé, HETSL), co-auteure de l'ouvrage.

Inscriptions sur www.leenaards.ch/rdvas28nov2019

Refugee routes: soirée d'information sur le Sri Lanka

Refugee routes: soirée d'information sur le Sri Lanka

Cette soirée "Refugee Routes" aura lieu le 26 novembre prochain à Berne et le 27 novembre à Lausanne et traitera de la situation des réfugiés sri lankais. Ces soirées, organisées par l’OSAR avec le soutien du Pôle de recherche national LIVES, ont pour but de mieux comprendre la situation des réfugiés en Suisse, les raisons qui les ont poussés à l’exil et leurs conditions d’accueil en Suisse. Elles s’adressent à toute personne intéressée, en particulier dans les milieux associatifs et institutionnels.

Les présentations seront dédiés à la situation sri lankaise, où d'anciennes tensions intercommunautaires entre musulmans et bouddhistes sont ravivées suite aux attentats d'avril 2019. 

Du passé historique au présent vécu par les réfugiés

Lors de l'évènement, présenté par Mme Catia Luperto à Lausanne et le Dr. Pascal Maeder à Berne du PRN LIVES, des experts de l'OSAR présenteront le contexte et la situation sécuritaire du pays ainsi que les pratiques des autorités suisses en matière d'asile. Enfin, la parole sera donnée également à une personne migrante originaire du Sri Lanka qui témoignera de son histoire en tant que réfugié·e en Suisse.

Informations pratiques - Lausanne

  • Adresse: Espace Dickens, Avenue Charles Dickens 4, 1006 Lausanne
  • Tarif: 20.- CHF/personne
  • Renseignementsadmincours@osar.ch

>> Inscriptions obligatoires (nombre de places limité).

Praktische Informationen - Bern

  • Ort: 3. Stock, Schweizerische Flüchtlingshilfe SFH, Weyermannsstrasse 10, 3008 Bern 
  • Tarif: 20.- CHF pro Person
  • RenseignementsKursadmin@fluechtlingshilfe.ch

>> Obligatorische Anmeldung 

Extended family relationships: What are they in late modernity?

The European Sociological Association (ESA) Research Network "Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives" (RN13) is inviting submissions to its Interim Meeting 2020 at Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic, 15th – 17th June, 2020

The conference puts the focus on family relationships. The call to “think relationally “ resonates in numerous influential works in contemporary sociology of the family. Family sociologists have heard the appeal “to go beyond the nuclear family” and have been seeking to explain or understand the relationships within the extended family framework. Empirical research has shown that notwithstanding increased family diversity, highly diversified family patterns, values and practices, the extended family has not completely disappeared. More recently, the life course perspective also emphasized the importance of contextualizing family relationships within their historical and spatial dimensions. 

Submission and venue information

  • Papers and deadline: Empirical and theoretical papers are welcome. Abstracts of max. 800 words outlining (as appropriate) the research question, theoretical approach, data, methodology, and research findings should be submitted via the conference website esarn13.upol.cz by 16 December 2019.
  • Keynote speaker: François de Singly, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Sorbonne University of Paris Descartes, Center for Research on Social Relations (CERLIS). 
  • Local organizer: Dana Sýkorová, Faculty of Arts, Palacký University Olomouc (dana.sykorova@upol.cz). 
  • Conference emailesarn13.interim2020@gmail.com

Selected papers of the ESA RN13 IM 2020 in Olomouc will have the opportunity to be published in a special issue of the journal Social Inclusion (https://www.cogitatiopress.com/socialinclusion). 

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Aging in good health: the inequalities are widening

Life expectancy is increasing, but it does not necessarily mean more time in good health. NCCR LIVES researchers affiliated with the University of Geneva have taken an interest in this evolution and have compiled data from the Swiss National Cohort (SNC) with those from the Swiss Health Surveys. The results of their study show that while years of good health are increasing for both men and women, there are differences according to education level, increasing social inequalities. Thus, in 2010, men with a university degree live 8.8 years longer in good health than those with compulsory education, compared to 7.6 years in 1990.

Five researchers from the University of Geneva, four of whom are members of the National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES - Overcoming Vulnerability: A Life-Course Perspective, crossed data from the Swiss National Cohort (SNC) with data from the Swiss Health Surveys between 1990 and 2015 to determine whether the years gained in life expectancy had added time to health or disease. 

Women continue to live longer than men and have added 3 years to their healthy life expectancy. But in their case, continuing this longitudinal research is all the more important because social codes and their way of life have changed much more than for men. "The gap between women with secondary and tertiary education is indistinguishable here, because our data concern women born in the 1920s and 1930s, when access to higher education was limited and few worked. It would be interesting to repeat this survey in 50 years, now that women are studying and working just as much as men," notes Stéphane Cullati.

Men earn 5 years of life, of which 4.5 years are in good health. But the most important differences are in the levels of training. The example of men who have completed mandatory training is telling. "The gap in healthy years between men with compulsory education and men with tertiary education is 7.6 years in 1990, but 8.8 years in 2010, showing that the gap is widening," explains Adrien Remund, demographer. 

Graphiques: Life expectancy (LE), Healthy life expectancy (HLE), and Years of bad health (YBH) with 95% confidence intervals by education level and sex (Swiss National Cohort and Swiss Health Interview Survey, Switzerland, 1990–2014). 

Researchers

Le pouvoir des émotions

Lien social et Politiques vous invite à consulter son nouvel appel de contributions sur le thème « le pouvoir des émotions ». Ce numéro 86 de la revue sera dirigé par Anne Perriard (Haute école de travail social et de la santé, Lausanne) et Cécile Van de Velde (Université de Montréal).

Les émotions sont au cœur de l’actualité : la colère se manifeste dans des affrontements à Hong Kong et par le rejet de l’Union européenne au Royaume-Uni. Au niveau mondial, l’inquiétude face aux changements climatiques et à la pollution favorise de nouveaux discours et l’émergence de mouvements sociaux transnationaux. En Algérie, l’indignation face à la réélection du président conduit la jeunesse à se réapproprier le politique. Avec le mouvement #MeToo, la prise de parole de quelques femmes a transformé des expériences individuelles et passées sous silence en mouvement collectif.

Dans ce numéro de Lien social et Politiques, nous cherchons à mieux saisir cette dynamique des émotions et les processus par lesquels elles peuvent se transformer en pouvoir social et politique.

Consulter l'intégralité de l'appel 

Délai de soumission : 15 décembre 2019

Conférence - Le projet « Cause commune » : une plateforme d’action et de recherche entre l’UNIL et Chavannes-près-Renens

Conférence - Le projet « Cause commune » : une plateforme d’action et de recherche entre l’UNIL et Chavannes-près-Renens

" Faire société aujourd'hui " : partez à la découverte des enjeux actuels de notre société, en compagnie de plusieurs chercheur·euse·s et de leurs étudiant·e·s. Première rencontre sociologique à l'occasion des 10 ans de l'Institut des sciences sociales.

La plateforme d’action et de recherche Cause Commune vise à développer une démarche participative dans les quartiers de Chavannes-près-Renens. Réunissant des acteurs sur le terrain et des chercheurs, cette plateforme participative entend améliorer, à travers des activités décidées par les habitants, la qualité sociale de la commune. Un dispositif de recherche évaluera d’une part si ces actions ont un effet durable sur les quartiers, ainsi que sur la santé des habitants qui participent ou non à ces activités.

Détails de la conférence

Lieu et horaire

  • Université de Lausanne, Bâtiment Amphimax, salle 414
  • Mardi 5 novembre 2019, de 14h00 à 16h00

Conférenciers

  • Alain Plattet, Chef du service de la Cohésion sociale de la Ville de Chavannes-près-Renens
  • Prof. Dario Spini, Professeur ordinaire en psychologie sociale et directeur du Pôle de recherche national LIVES 

Cette conférence s'inscrit dans le cycle de rencontre sociologiques organisé dans le cadre des 10 ans de l'Institut des Sciences Sociales de l'UNIL. (consulter le programme complet

Le projet "Cause Commune" en bref

Cette intervention et la recherche, co-financées par l'Etat de Vaud et la Fondation Leenaards, vise à tester l'impact de l'environnement social sur la santé des habitant·es. Conduite sur quatre ans, elle comportera trois phases:

  1. établir un diagnostic, en étroite collaboration avec les autorités communales et la population.
  2. développer de nouvelles activités sur la base des informations récoltées au sein de la population.
  3. émettre des recommandations, qui pourront également être utiles à d'autres communes et cantons. 

Plus d'informations sur le projet "Cause commune" sont disponibles sur le site de la Ville de Chavannes. 

Rehabilitation before pension? - New LIVES IMPACT issue

Rehabilitation before pension? - New LIVES IMPACT issue

Decrease of the number of pensions, vocational rehabilitation measures and increase of the risk of non-take-up are tackled in this article by Emilie Rosenstein.

The impact of successive revisions, in particular the 4th, 5th and 6th revisions of Swiss Disability Insurance (DI), on insured persons and their access to benefits has, according to our study, led to several paradoxical developments. The expenditure reduction targeted by these three revisions to consolidate the DI budget has been achieved, however, this is primarily due to the tightening of eligibility criteria and the abolition of certain benefits. While assessment procedures of benefit claims have been significantly reduced, our study shows that the reduction in the number of pensions granted by DI is mainly due to an increased rate of refusals. Access to vocational rehabilitation measures have increased, albeit only modestly.

Another paradoxical effect: whereas the revisions targeted in particular the rising rate of young DI recipients, our study shows that their share has not decreased. Conversely, access to benefits has been significantly reduced for older insured people, however, without any significant increase in their access to vocational rehabilitation which is mainly granted to people aged 18 to 35 years.

In addition, our analysis shows the reinforcement of strong inequalities between people requesting DI for somatic and/or psychological reasons, while the number of people whose impairment is not recognised by DI has been increasing.

Lastly, biographical interviews conducted with DI recipients show that the reforms had a disincentivising effect as a result notably of the new DI tools to combat “abuse”, which tend to increase the risk of non-take-up of DI. Finally, there remains the open question about the situation of those who do not take-up their rights to DI and the future of the increasing number of people whose application DI denies.

Read the full version "Rehabilitation before pension? A longitudinal study sheds light on Swiss disability insurance reforms"

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