Presentation of the OECD report "Employment Outlook"
In April, the OECD released the 2019 edition of its Employment Outlook report. Invited by Prof. Michele Pellizzari, Dr. Andrea Bassanini provided us with ideas and recommendations to best face the next challenges of the world of work.
Questions are becoming more and more common. Will the robots take our jobs from us? Should we prepare for a future without work? The answer, given by the latest OECD Employment Outlook Report, is clear. No. Moreover, the employment rate is increasing. However, it is certain that many jobs will be changed and transitions will be difficult. The OECD indicates that 14% of jobs could be automated and that 32% will change significantly.
An effect on the quantity and quality of employment
Two major problems are identified that will have a particular impact on young people and people with low levels of education. On the one hand, the jobs created in the coming years will not be of the same quality as those that are disappearing. Thus, specialized manual work tends to be automated. On the other hand, many people who lose their jobs would already like to work at a higher rate today but are unable to do so, indicating a high rate of underemployment.
Recommendations to ease the transition
On adult training, the OECD encourages employers to train at-risk groups. Social protection can also be improved, in particular by revising the criteria for granting unemployment benefits or evaluating current funding mechanisms. Better regulation of the labour market will reduce the grey area, which includes in particular the "false" self-employed workers who do not enjoy real rights. A new balance of power is needed to facilitate job changes for the greatest number of people. Finally, social dialogue between trade unions and employers must be maintained and encouraged so that common solutions can be discussed about the future of employment.
For more information: Employment Outlook - OECD website