Männer und Männlichkeiten. Disziplinäre Perspektiven

TitleMänner und Männlichkeiten. Disziplinäre Perspektiven
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2014
Series EditorJakoby, N, Liebig, B, Peitz, M, Schmid, T, Zinn, I
Series TitleReihe Zürcher Hochschulforum
Number of Pages224
Publishervdf Hochschulverlag
Place PublishedZürich
ISBN Number978-3728135407
Keywordsgender, Männlichkeiten
Citation Key1297

Introduction

TitleIntroduction
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBonvin, J-M, Stoecklin, D
EditorStoecklin, D, Bonvin, J-M
Book TitleChildren’s rights and the capability approach. Challenges and prospects
Series TitleChildren’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research
Pagination1-17
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht, Netherlands
ISBN Number978-94-017-9091-1
Abstract

Children’s rights have hardly been analysed in terms of the capability approach (CA), which was developed by Amartya Sen (1999) and Martha Nussbaum (2000), and many other scholars. This book is among the first attempts to bridge the two, and it appears after a few contributions to this endeavour (Biggeri et al. 2010, 2011; Dixon and Nussbaum 2012). Children’s rights and the capability approach are not of the same nature: children’s rights are a social reality and the capability approach is a perspective to reflect on it. The capability approach is a way to operationalize formal freedoms (entitlements), and hence children’s rights. The challenges of applying a capability approach to children's rights include, notably, to go beyond the pitfalls of the new social studies of childhood. The contributions to this book are briefly presented. They highlight important issues that have to be taken into account to approach children's rights in new ways.

DOI10.1007/978-94-017-9091-8_1
Citation Key1296
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The theoretical orthodoxy of children’s and youth agency and Its contradictions: Moving from normative thresholds to a situated assessment of children’s and youth lives

TitleThe theoretical orthodoxy of children’s and youth agency and Its contradictions: Moving from normative thresholds to a situated assessment of children’s and youth lives
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDahmen, S
EditorStoecklin, D, Bonvin, J-M
Book TitleChildren’s rights and the capability approach. Challenges and prospects
Series TitleChildren’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research
Pagination153-173
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht, Netherlands
ISBN Number978-94-017-9090-1
Abstract

Recent developments within the discussion on children’s rights and in the new sociology of childhood come with a strong focus on children’s agency. They stress their status as a social and political actor, emphasise the need to view children as “beings” rather than “becomings” and highlight children’s autonomy and individuality. This chapter argues that the recent “theoretical orthodoxy” of children’s autonomy may purport an overly optimistic view on children’s agency and neglects inequalities within the space of childhood and youth. It describes the capability approach as a more appropriate approach for analysing inequalities within the space of youth and childhood. It overcomes some of the blind spots described. Particularly, it suggests that the capability approach provides an adequate link between prescriptive treaties (like the UNCRC) and descriptive-analytic approaches (like the sociology of childhood and youth). Based on a research project on transitions from school to work, the article reviews the role of welfare State institutions for the construction of children as social policy objects and for their access to citizenship rights, and analyses differences within the experience of youth that can easily be overlooked by a strong focus on children’s agency. The capability approach is used to develop a tentative framework for a situated assessment of children’s and youth lives. The chapter shortly reviews possible venues of childhood and youth research inspired by the capability approach.

DOI10.1007/978-94-017-9091-8_8
Citation Key1295
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Children’s rights and the capability approach. Challenges and prospects

TitleChildren’s rights and the capability approach. Challenges and prospects
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2014
Series EditorStoecklin, D, Bonvin, J-M
Series TitleChildren’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht, Netherlands
ISBN Number978-94-017-9090-1
Citation Key1294

Conclusion

TitleConclusion
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsStoecklin, D, Bonvin, J-M
EditorStoecklin, D, Bonvin, J-M
Book TitleChildren’s rights and the capability approach. Challenges and prospects
Series TitleChildren’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research
Pagination273-287
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht, Netherlands
ISBN Number978-94-017-9090-1
Citation Key1293
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Cross-fertilizing children’s rights and the capability approach. The example of the right to be heard in organized leisure

TitleCross-fertilizing children’s rights and the capability approach. The example of the right to be heard in organized leisure
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsStoecklin, D, Bonvin, J-M
EditorStoecklin, D, Bonvin, J-M
Book TitleChildren’s rights and the capability approach. Challenges and prospects
Series TitleChildren’s Well-Being: Indicators and Research
Pagination131-152
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht, Netherlands
ISBN Number978-94-017-9090-1
Abstract

The authors explore new ways of conceptualizing children’s citizenship and participation through the capabilities approach (Sen 1999) applied to children (Biggeri et al. 2011). They highlight factors that must be considered when observing how formal entitlements, such as the rights of the child, can (or cannot) be transformed into real freedom to participate. Their study conducted in Switzerland and in France shows the conditions for the right to be heard (art. 12 UNCRC) to be converted into effective participation in organised leisure activities. The authors identify four sets of factors (economical, political, organisational and personal) that convert or obstruct the child’s entitlement to participate in the definition of organized leisure activities. Two ideal types – bottom-up participation and top-down participation – are built along these lines. The research shows that child participation is mainly induced by professional adults working in youth associations and leisure centres while knowledge of “participation rights” is rather low. Respondents do very seldom use the narrative of “children’s rights” to reflect upon their praxis. This typical line of conduct, or “system of action”, indicates that social relations play a greater role than children’s rights in their subjective evaluation of participatory projects. The study highlights child participation as a sequential process whereby the actor’s reflexivity plays an important role as a converting factor, and thus enriches the theoretical model used in the capabilities approach (Bonvin 2008). The results have important implications for the paradigm of the social actor and contribute to the theory of child participation (Thomas 2007). They underline the instrumental dimension of participation rights as they become real through the exercise of participation itself. The chapter allows for important theoretical and practical developments in the field of child participation, notably by discussing the issue of agency within structure and suggesting a dynamic framework to understand agency as a system of action.

DOI10.1007/978-94-017-9091-8_7
Citation Key1292
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Character strengths and well-being across the life span: Data from a representative sample of German-speaking adults living in Switzerland

TitleCharacter strengths and well-being across the life span: Data from a representative sample of German-speaking adults living in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMartínez Martí, ML, Ruch, W
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume5
Number1253
Pagination1-10
Date Published11/2014
Abstract

Character strengths are positive, morally valued traits of personality. This study aims at assessing the relationship between character strengths and subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive and negative affect) in a representative sample of German-speaking adults living in Switzerland (N = 945). We further test whether this relationship is consistent at different stages in life. Results showed that hope, zest, love, social intelligence and perseverance yielded the highest positive correlations with life satisfaction. Hope, zest, humor, gratitude and love presented the highest positive correlations with positive affect. Hope, humor, zest, honesty, and open-mindedness had the highest negative correlations with negative affect. When examining the relationship between strengths and well-being across age groups, in general, hope, zest and humor consistently yielded the highest correlations with well-being. Additionally, in the 27-36 years group, strengths that promote commitment and affiliation (i.e., kindness and honesty) were among the first five positions in the ranking of the relationship between strengths and well-being. In the 37-46 years group, in addition to hope, zest and humor, strengths that promote the maintenance of areas such as family and work (i.e., love, leadership) were among the first five positions in the ranking. Finally, in the 47-57 years group, in addition to hope, zest and humor, strengths that facilitate integration and a vital involvement with the environment (i.e., gratitude, love of learning) were among the first five positions in the ranking. This study partially supports previous findings with less representative samples on the association between character strengths and well-being, and sheds light on the relative importance of some strengths over others for well-being across the life span.

DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01253
Citation Key1291
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Workers' movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland

TitleWorkers' movement out of declining occupations in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsMurphy, E
JournalEuropean Sociological Review
Volume2014
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordsevent history analysis, intra-generational mobility, occupational change
Abstract

The employment structure undergoes constant change. Some occupations grow while others decline under the pressure of technological advances, internationalisation and welfare state reforms. This evolution at the aggregate level has been well documented. Our knowledge of how macro-level change in the employment structure is brought about through micro-level career adjustments is less extensive. Drawing on panel data, this paper examines the types of workers most likely to leave occupations that have declined over the past 20 years, and the most likely destination of these exits in Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland. The route out of declining occupations for female workers is towards low paid growing, while clerical workers are more likely to exit into high paid growing occupations than production workers. Production workers with lower levels of education, concentrated in manufacturing, are at higher risk than clerical workers of exiting into unemployment.

DOI10.1093/esr/jcu066
Citation Key1290
Refereed DesignationRefereed

La perception des grands tournants de sa propre vie: une comparaison internationale

TitleLa perception des grands tournants de sa propre vie: une comparaison internationale
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCavalli, S, Lalive d'Épinay, C, Martenot, A, Borella, E, Brahy, R, Concha, V, Gastròn, L, Guichard, E, Henriquez, G, Oddone, MJ, Suarez, HJ, Vrancken, D
EditorBurnay, N, Melchior, J-P, Ertul, S
Book TitleParcours sociaux et nouveaux desseins temporels: Investigations en anthropologie prospective
Pagination29-48
PublisherAcademia - L'Harmattan
Place PublishedParis
ISBN Number978-2-8061-0096-2
Citation Key1264

Selective incivility: Immigrant groups experience subtle workplace discrimination at different rates

TitleSelective incivility: Immigrant groups experience subtle workplace discrimination at different rates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKrings, F, Johnston, C, Binggeli, S, Maggiori, C
JournalCultural diversity and ethnic minority psychology
Volume20
Issue4
Pagination491-498
Keywordsdiscrimination, diversity, immigrants, incivility
Abstract

Immigrants play an increasingly important role in local labor markets. Not only do they grow steadily in number but also in cultural, educational, and skill diversity, underlining the necessity to distinguish between immigrant groups when studying discrimination against immigrants. We examined immigrant employees’ subtle discrimination experiences in a representative sample in Switzerland, controlling for dispositional influences. Results showed that mainly members of highly competitive immigrant groups, from immediate neighbor countries, experienced workplace incivility and that these incivility experiences were related to higher likelihoods of perceived discrimination at work. This research confirms recent accounts that successful but disliked groups are particularly likely to experience subtle interpersonal discrimination.

DOI10.1037/a0035436
Citation Key1263
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Stereotype content associated with immigrant groups in Switzerland

TitleStereotype content associated with immigrant groups in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBinggeli, S, Krings, F, Sczesny, S
JournalSwiss Journal of Psychology
Volume73
Issue3
Pagination123-133
Keywordsimmigrants, stereotype content, Switzerland
Abstract

This research examines stereotypes associated with immigrant groups in Switzerland. In line with the stereotype content model, we expected immigrant groups to be perceived differentially on the dimensions of warmth and competence as a function of their national origin. Second, we expected the stereotype content to be predominantly mixed, that is, groups are either perceived as warmer than competent or as colder than competent. Third, we expected stereotype contents to correlate with their sociostructural precursors, namely, competition and status. The results supported our hypotheses: The nine most salient immigrant groups fell into five meaningful clusters, based on their perceived warmth and competence. Most stereotype contents were mixed. Moreover, we found that warmth perceptions were predicted by both competition and status, whereas competence perceptions were predicted by status only. This research emphasizes the importance of considering the diversity of the immigrant population when studying immigrant stereotypes.

DOI10.1024/1421-0185/a000133
Citation Key1262
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Perceived competition explains regional differencs in the stereotype content of immigrant groups

TitlePerceived competition explains regional differencs in the stereotype content of immigrant groups
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBinggeli, S, Krings, F, Sczesny, S
JournalSocial Psychology
Volume45
Issue1
Pagination62-70
Keywordscompetition, immigrants, regional differences, stereotype content
Abstract

This research investigates differences in the stereotype content of immigrant groups between linguistic regions. We expected that immigrant groups who speak the local language of a specific linguistic region would be perceived as more competitive within this region than in another linguistic region. Further, we expected these differences would underlie regional differences in stereotype content, albeit only for the warmth dimension. Predictions were tested in the two largest linguistic regions of Switzerland. As expected, in the German-speaking region, locals perceived German immigrants as more competitive and thus as less warm, whereas in the French-speaking region, locals perceived French immigrants as more competitive and, consequently, as less warm. So, paradoxically, immigrants with strong integration potential are particularly disliked because they are regarded as direct competitors.

DOI10.1027/1864-9335/a000160
Citation Key1261
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Ein Modell sozioökonomischer Studiengänge. Der Studiengang in Sozioökonomie der Universität Genf

TitleEin Modell sozioökonomischer Studiengänge. Der Studiengang in Sozioökonomie der Universität Genf
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOris, M, Burgnard, S
EditorHedtke, R
Book TitleWas ist und wozu Sozioökonomie?
Chapter14
Pagination371-390
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew-York
ISBN Number978-3-531-19852-1
Abstract

Dieser Beitrag stellt den Bereich Sozioökonomie an der Universität Genf vor. Er zurückverfolgt ihre Entstehung im Jahr 2007 im Kontext, und in Reaktion auf, des Inkrafttretens der Bologna-Reformen und ihre Entwicklungsgeschichte als Versuch die Wirtschaftswissenschaften wieder mit den Sozialwissenschaften zusammenzubringen. Der Schwerpunkt legt auf den Master, der seit ihrer Ursprung immer mehr Studierenden angezogen hat. Die Untersuchungsresultate aus verschiedenen Jahrgängen werden verwenden, um den Publikum der Sozioökonomie zu beschreiben. Die Prinzipien die den Unterricht der Sozioökonomie geführt haben werden auch vorgelegt in der Hoffnung, dass die Genfer Erfahrung Überlegungen anregen konnte die auch hinaus von Diensten sein könnten.

Citation Key1260

Patterns of contact attempts in surveys

TitlePatterns of contact attempts in surveys
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPollien, A, Joye, D
EditorBlanchard, P, Bühlmann, F, Gauthier, J-A
Book TitleAdvances in sequence analysis: Theory, methods, applications
Chapter4
Pagination285-304
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedAmsterdam
ISBN Number978-3-319-04968-7
Abstract

Survey participation is a type of social interaction between an interviewer and a respondent; by hypothesis, the way in which the respondent is successfully contacted, and agrees to cooperate, is a process of involvement in a social activity. Therefore, it is appropriate to use sequence analysis to understand how participants enter the survey according to their social status, lifestyle, and attitude. The argument developed here suggests a sociological approach to survey participation. Unlike rational choice analyses or persuasion models, the sequential analysis explores the sociology of how two actors enter and negotiate a situation to which they assign a meaning based on social institution, social times, and social roles. This viewpoint has the potential to assist in the monitoring of survey contact procedures. It also provides insight into the founding principles of survey participation. The authors examined the samples by coefficients derived from the distance between sequences of contact attempts. In exploring the process of respondent selection, this chapter investigates ways of assessing the social construction of survey data.

DOI10.1007/978-3-319-04969-4_15
Citation Key1259
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Trajectories of intimate partnerships, sexual attitudes, desire and satisfaction

TitleTrajectories of intimate partnerships, sexual attitudes, desire and satisfaction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAmmar, N, Gauthier, J-A, Widmer, E
JournalAdvances in Life Course Research
Volume22
Pagination62-72
Date Published12/2014
Keywordsgender, intimacy, life trajectories, master status, partnerships, sexuality
Abstract

This research addresses the interrelations existing between trajectories of intimate partnerships and attitudes toward sexuality, sexual desire, and sexual satisfaction. It is based on a dataset of 600 adults aged 25–46 living in Geneva (Switzerland) and uses innovative multivariate techniques for clustering life trajectories. The results emphasize the diversity of men's and women's trajectories of intimate partnerships. Trajectories with frequent and short-term partnerships are associated with recreational attitudes and higher solitary and dyadic sexual desire. In contrast, trajectories featuring few or no intimate partnerships are associated with traditional sexual attitudes and less sexual desire. Women's attitudes toward sexuality are more strongly associated with their intimate trajectories than men's. This suggests that men and women do not develop their sexuality in the same relation with intimacy. The results are referred to the gendered master status hypothesis.

DOI10.1016/j.alcr.2014.06.001
Citation Key1255
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Entanglements of economic and intimate citizenship: Individualization and gender (in)equality in a changing Europe

TitleEntanglements of economic and intimate citizenship: Individualization and gender (in)equality in a changing Europe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsLe Feuvre, N, Roseneil, S
JournalSocial Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society
PaginationAdvance online publication
Abstract

This paper contributes to the ongoing refinement of citizenship as a feminist concept through the development of understandings of the relationship between economic and intimate citizenship in contemporary Europe. It draws on two cross- national research projects that each focus on a group of people who might be thought to be affected by particular processes of individualization: the economic “activation” of large numbers of women in increasingly deregulated labour markets, and the progressive detraditionalization of intimate life. The paper examines patterns of intimate life and citizenship that accompany employment in the elder care sector, and patterns of economic life and citizenship that accompany the experience of living outside the conventional family. It argues that there are significant and hitherto unrecognized tensions between “flexible” jobs and the ability of individuals to exercise agency as intimate citizens. It suggests that it is difficult to flourish as an intimate citizen without enjoying a degree of economic autonomy, and that economic autonomy is elusive for women working in the most deregulated sectors of the labour market. It also points to the important role that social policies play in mediating the relationship between intimate and economic citizenship.

DOI10.1093/sp/jxu010
Citation Key1254
Refereed DesignationRefereed

How effective are unemployment benefit sanctions? Looking beyond unemployment exit

TitleHow effective are unemployment benefit sanctions? Looking beyond unemployment exit
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsArni, P, Lalive, R, van Ours, JC
JournalJournal of Applied Econometrics
Volume28
Pagination1153-1178
ISSN1099-1255
Keywordsbenefit sanctions, competing-risk duration models, earnings effects, unemployment duration
Abstract

This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of benefit sanctions on post-unemployment outcomes such as post-unemployment employment stability and earnings. We use rich register data which allow us to distinguish between a warning that a benefit reduction may take place in the near future and the actual withdrawal of unemployment benefits. Adopting a multivariate mixed proportional hazard approach to address selectivity, we find that warnings do not affect subsequent employment stability but do reduce post-unemployment earnings. Actual benefit reductions lower the quality of post-unemployment jobs both in terms of job duration as well as in terms of earnings.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jae.2289/abstract
DOI10.1002/jae.2289
Citation Key1253
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Politiques de l’égalité à l’école obligatoire. Des ambivalences qui diluent les rapports sociaux de sexe

TitlePolitiques de l’égalité à l’école obligatoire. Des ambivalences qui diluent les rapports sociaux de sexe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsFassa Recrosio, F, Rolle, V, Storari, C
JournalRevue suisse de sociologie
Volume40
Issue2
Pagination197–213
Keywordseducation, égalité, enseignant·e·s, genre, politiques de la formation
Abstract

Une éducation à l’égalité entre les sexes dans le cadre de l’école obligatoire est prônée depuis plus devingt ans au niveau fédéral. Les résultats de nos investigations (analyses critiques de discours sur uncorpus de documents de politiques scolaires fédérales et cantonales etentretiens avec les responsablescantonaux de l’école et de l’égalité dans sept cantons francophones) montrent que la mise en œuvre de ces politiques aux niveaux régional (Romandie) et cantonal est ambivalente. Cette situation s’explique par un processus de dilution des inégalités entre les sexes parmi d’autres inégalités, notamment en raison des changements de référentiels des politiques scolaires.

Citation Key1252
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Herausforderungen und neue Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten des mittleren Lebensalters

TitleHerausforderungen und neue Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten des mittleren Lebensalters
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPerrig-Chiello, P, Höpflinger, F
EditorWahl, H-W, Kruse, A
Book TitleLebensläufe im Wandel: Entwicklung über die Lebensspanne aus Sicht verschiedener Disziplinen
Pagination138-149
PublisherKohlhammer
Place PublishedStuttgart
ISBN Number978-3-17-022171-0
Citation Key1251

Partnerships, family and personal configurations

TitlePartnerships, family and personal configurations
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWidmer, E
EditorTreas, J, Scott, J, Richards, M
Book TitleThe Wiley-Blackwell companion to the sociology of families
Pagination236-254
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place PublishedChichester
ISBN Number978-1-118-37411-5
Keywordsfamily, partnership
Citation Key1250
Refereed DesignationRefereed

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