La perception des grands tournants de sa propre vie: une comparaison internationale

TitleLa perception des grands tournants de sa propre vie: une comparaison internationale
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsCavalli, S, Lalive d'Épinay, C, Martenot, A, Borella, E, Brahy, R, Concha, V, Gastròn, L, Guichard, E, Henriquez, G, Oddone, MJ, Suarez, HJ, Vrancken, D
EditorBurnay, N, Melchior, J-P, Ertul, S
Book TitleParcours sociaux et nouveaux desseins temporels: Investigations en anthropologie prospective
Pagination29-48
PublisherAcademia - L'Harmattan
Place PublishedParis
ISBN Number978-2-8061-0096-2
Citation Key1264

Selective incivility: Immigrant groups experience subtle workplace discrimination at different rates

TitleSelective incivility: Immigrant groups experience subtle workplace discrimination at different rates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsKrings, F, Johnston, C, Binggeli, S, Maggiori, C
JournalCultural diversity and ethnic minority psychology
Volume2014
PaginationAdvance online publication
Keywordsdiscrimination, diversity, immigrants, incivility
Abstract

Immigrants play an increasingly important role in local labor markets. Not only do they grow steadily in number but also in cultural, educational, and skill diversity, underlining the necessity to distinguish between immigrant groups when studying discrimination against immigrants. We examined immigrant employees’ subtle discrimination experiences in a representative sample in Switzerland, controlling for dispositional influences. Results showed that mainly members of highly competitive immigrant groups, from immediate neighbor countries, experienced workplace incivility and that these incivility experiences were related to higher likelihoods of perceived discrimination at work. This research confirms recent accounts that successful but disliked groups are particularly likely to experience subtle interpersonal discrimination.

DOI10.1037/a0035436
Citation Key1263
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Stereotype content associated with immigrant groups in Switzerland

TitleStereotype content associated with immigrant groups in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBinggeli, S, Krings, F, Sczesny, S
JournalSwiss Journal of Psychology
Volume73
Issue3
Pagination123-133
Keywordsimmigrants, stereotype content, Switzerland
Abstract

This research examines stereotypes associated with immigrant groups in Switzerland. In line with the stereotype content model, we expected immigrant groups to be perceived differentially on the dimensions of warmth and competence as a function of their national origin. Second, we expected the stereotype content to be predominantly mixed, that is, groups are either perceived as warmer than competent or as colder than competent. Third, we expected stereotype contents to correlate with their sociostructural precursors, namely, competition and status. The results supported our hypotheses: The nine most salient immigrant groups fell into five meaningful clusters, based on their perceived warmth and competence. Most stereotype contents were mixed. Moreover, we found that warmth perceptions were predicted by both competition and status, whereas competence perceptions were predicted by status only. This research emphasizes the importance of considering the diversity of the immigrant population when studying immigrant stereotypes.

DOI10.1024/1421-0185/a000133
Citation Key1262
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Perceived competition explains regional differencs in the stereotype content of immigrant groups

TitlePerceived competition explains regional differencs in the stereotype content of immigrant groups
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBinggeli, S, Krings, F, Sczesny, S
JournalSocial Psychology
Volume45
Issue1
Pagination62-70
Keywordscompetition, immigrants, regional differences, stereotype content
Abstract

This research investigates differences in the stereotype content of immigrant groups between linguistic regions. We expected that immigrant groups who speak the local language of a specific linguistic region would be perceived as more competitive within this region than in another linguistic region. Further, we expected these differences would underlie regional differences in stereotype content, albeit only for the warmth dimension. Predictions were tested in the two largest linguistic regions of Switzerland. As expected, in the German-speaking region, locals perceived German immigrants as more competitive and thus as less warm, whereas in the French-speaking region, locals perceived French immigrants as more competitive and, consequently, as less warm. So, paradoxically, immigrants with strong integration potential are particularly disliked because they are regarded as direct competitors.

DOI10.1027/1864-9335/a000160
Citation Key1261
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Ein Modell sozioökonomischer Studiengänge. Der Studiengang in Sozioökonomie der Universität Genf

TitleEin Modell sozioökonomischer Studiengänge. Der Studiengang in Sozioökonomie der Universität Genf
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOris, M, Burgnard, S
EditorHedtke, R
Book TitleWas ist und wozu Sozioökonomie?
Chapter14
Pagination371-390
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew-York
ISBN Number978-3-531-19852-1
Abstract

Dieser Beitrag stellt den Bereich Sozioökonomie an der Universität Genf vor. Er zurückverfolgt ihre Entstehung im Jahr 2007 im Kontext, und in Reaktion auf, des Inkrafttretens der Bologna-Reformen und ihre Entwicklungsgeschichte als Versuch die Wirtschaftswissenschaften wieder mit den Sozialwissenschaften zusammenzubringen. Der Schwerpunkt legt auf den Master, der seit ihrer Ursprung immer mehr Studierenden angezogen hat. Die Untersuchungsresultate aus verschiedenen Jahrgängen werden verwenden, um den Publikum der Sozioökonomie zu beschreiben. Die Prinzipien die den Unterricht der Sozioökonomie geführt haben werden auch vorgelegt in der Hoffnung, dass die Genfer Erfahrung Überlegungen anregen konnte die auch hinaus von Diensten sein könnten.

Citation Key1260

Patterns of contact attempts in surveys

TitlePatterns of contact attempts in surveys
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPollien, A, Joye, D
EditorBlanchard, P, Bühlmann, F, Gauthier, J-A
Book TitleAdvances in sequence analysis: Theory, methods, applications
Chapter4
Pagination285-304
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedAmsterdam
ISBN Number978-3-319-04968-7
Abstract

Survey participation is a type of social interaction between an interviewer and a respondent; by hypothesis, the way in which the respondent is successfully contacted, and agrees to cooperate, is a process of involvement in a social activity. Therefore, it is appropriate to use sequence analysis to understand how participants enter the survey according to their social status, lifestyle, and attitude. The argument developed here suggests a sociological approach to survey participation. Unlike rational choice analyses or persuasion models, the sequential analysis explores the sociology of how two actors enter and negotiate a situation to which they assign a meaning based on social institution, social times, and social roles. This viewpoint has the potential to assist in the monitoring of survey contact procedures. It also provides insight into the founding principles of survey participation. The authors examined the samples by coefficients derived from the distance between sequences of contact attempts. In exploring the process of respondent selection, this chapter investigates ways of assessing the social construction of survey data.

DOI10.1007/978-3-319-04969-4_15
Citation Key1259
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Trajectories of intimate partnerships, sexual attitudes, desire and satisfaction

TitleTrajectories of intimate partnerships, sexual attitudes, desire and satisfaction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsAmmar, N, Gauthier, J-A, Widmer, E
JournalAdvances in Life Course Research
PaginationAdvance online publication
Date Published06/2014
Keywordsgender, intimacy, life trajectories, master status, partnerships, sexuality
Abstract

This research addresses the interrelations existing between trajectories of intimate partnerships and attitudes toward sexuality, sexual desire, and sexual satisfaction. It is based on a dataset of 600 adults aged 25–46 living in Geneva (Switzerland) and uses innovative multivariate techniques for clustering life trajectories. The results emphasize the diversity of men's and women's trajectories of intimate partnerships. Trajectories with frequent and short-term partnerships are associated with recreational attitudes and higher solitary and dyadic sexual desire. In contrast, trajectories featuring few or no intimate partnerships are associated with traditional sexual attitudes and less sexual desire. Women's attitudes toward sexuality are more strongly associated with their intimate trajectories than men's. This suggests that men and women do not develop their sexuality in the same relation with intimacy. The results are referred to the gendered master status hypothesis.

DOI10.1016/j.alcr.2014.06.001
Citation Key1255
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Entanglements of economic and intimate citizenship: Individualization and gender (in)equality in a changing Europe

TitleEntanglements of economic and intimate citizenship: Individualization and gender (in)equality in a changing Europe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of PublicationIn Press
AuthorsLe Feuvre, N, Roseneil, S
JournalSocial Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society
PaginationAdvance online publication
Abstract

This paper contributes to the ongoing refinement of citizenship as a feminist concept through the development of understandings of the relationship between economic and intimate citizenship in contemporary Europe. It draws on two cross- national research projects that each focus on a group of people who might be thought to be affected by particular processes of individualization: the economic “activation” of large numbers of women in increasingly deregulated labour markets, and the progressive detraditionalization of intimate life. The paper examines patterns of intimate life and citizenship that accompany employment in the elder care sector, and patterns of economic life and citizenship that accompany the experience of living outside the conventional family. It argues that there are significant and hitherto unrecognized tensions between “flexible” jobs and the ability of individuals to exercise agency as intimate citizens. It suggests that it is difficult to flourish as an intimate citizen without enjoying a degree of economic autonomy, and that economic autonomy is elusive for women working in the most deregulated sectors of the labour market. It also points to the important role that social policies play in mediating the relationship between intimate and economic citizenship.

DOI10.1093/sp/jxu010
Citation Key1254
Refereed DesignationRefereed

How effective are unemployment benefit sanctions? Looking beyond unemployment exit

TitleHow effective are unemployment benefit sanctions? Looking beyond unemployment exit
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsArni, P, Lalive, R, van Ours, JC
JournalJournal of Applied Econometrics
Volume28
Pagination1153-1178
ISSN1099-1255
Keywordsbenefit sanctions, competing-risk duration models, earnings effects, unemployment duration
Abstract

This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of benefit sanctions on post-unemployment outcomes such as post-unemployment employment stability and earnings. We use rich register data which allow us to distinguish between a warning that a benefit reduction may take place in the near future and the actual withdrawal of unemployment benefits. Adopting a multivariate mixed proportional hazard approach to address selectivity, we find that warnings do not affect subsequent employment stability but do reduce post-unemployment earnings. Actual benefit reductions lower the quality of post-unemployment jobs both in terms of job duration as well as in terms of earnings.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jae.2289/abstract
DOI10.1002/jae.2289
Citation Key1253
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Politiques de l’égalité à l’école obligatoire. Des ambivalences qui diluent les rapports sociaux de sexe

TitlePolitiques de l’égalité à l’école obligatoire. Des ambivalences qui diluent les rapports sociaux de sexe
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsFassa Recrosio, F, Rolle, V, Storari, C
JournalRevue suisse de sociologie
Volume40
Issue2
Pagination197–213
Keywordseducation, égalité, enseignant·e·s, genre, politiques de la formation
Abstract

Une éducation à l’égalité entre les sexes dans le cadre de l’école obligatoire est prônée depuis plus devingt ans au niveau fédéral. Les résultats de nos investigations (analyses critiques de discours sur uncorpus de documents de politiques scolaires fédérales et cantonales etentretiens avec les responsablescantonaux de l’école et de l’égalité dans sept cantons francophones) montrent que la mise en œuvre de ces politiques aux niveaux régional (Romandie) et cantonal est ambivalente. Cette situation s’explique par un processus de dilution des inégalités entre les sexes parmi d’autres inégalités, notamment en raison des changements de référentiels des politiques scolaires.

Citation Key1252
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Herausforderungen und neue Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten des mittleren Lebensalters

TitleHerausforderungen und neue Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten des mittleren Lebensalters
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPerrig-Chiello, P, Höpflinger, F
EditorWahl, H-W, Kruse, A
Book TitleLebensläufe im Wandel: Entwicklung über die Lebensspanne aus Sicht verschiedener Disziplinen
Pagination138-149
PublisherKohlhammer
Place PublishedStuttgart
ISBN Number978-3-17-022171-0
Citation Key1251

Partnerships, family and personal configurations

TitlePartnerships, family and personal configurations
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWidmer, E
EditorTreas, J, Scott, J, Richards, M
Book TitleThe Wiley-Blackwell companion to the sociology of families
Pagination236-254
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Place PublishedChichester
ISBN Number978-1-118-37411-5
Keywordsfamily, partnership
Citation Key1250
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Le genre du "vieillissement actif": Du principe de traitement équitable à la multiplication des injonctions contradictoires

TitleLe genre du "vieillissement actif": Du principe de traitement équitable à la multiplication des injonctions contradictoires
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLe Feuvre, N, Kuehni, M, Rosende, M, Schoeni, C
JournalRevue suisse de sociologie
Volume40
Issue2
Pagination307-324
Keywordségalité, genre, gestion des âges, seniors, vieillissement actif
Abstract

Cet article analyse l’impact des politiques du «vieillissement actif» sur l’(in)égalité des sexes en deuxième partie de carrière. Introduisant une échelle intermédiaire d’analyse, il identifie un décalage potentiel entre les normes de genre promues au niveau des politiques publiques et celles qui régissent l’action des services de Ressources Humaines au sein des grandes entreprises. Basé sur une enquête empirique, il met à jour les tensions et dissonances qui caractérisent le «doing gender» dans différents espaces institutionnels helvétiques, plaçant les femmes seniors devant de multiples injonctions contradictoires.

Citation Key1249
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Understanding social interactions: Evidence from the classroom

TitleUnderstanding social interactions: Evidence from the classroom
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDe Giorgi, G, Pellizzari, M
JournalThe Economic Journal
Volume124
Pagination917-953
Keywordspeer effects, social interactions, teamwork
Abstract

Little is known about the economic mechanisms leading to the high level of clustering in behavior commonly observed in the data. We present a model where agents can interact according to three distinct mechanisms, and we derive testable implications which allow us to distinguish between the proposed mechanisms. In our application we study students’ performance and we find that a mutual insurance mechanism is consistent with the data. Such a result bears important policy implications for all those situations in which social interactions are important, from teamwork to class formation in education and co-authorship in academic research.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecoj.12083/pdf
DOI10.1111/ecoj.12083
Citation Key1246
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Parental leave and mothers' careers: The relative importance of job protection and cash benefits

TitleParental leave and mothers' careers: The relative importance of job protection and cash benefits
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLalive, R, Schlosser, A, Steinhauser, A, Zweimüller, J
JournalThe Review of Economic Studies
Volume81
Issue1
Pagination219-265
Keywordsearnings, family and work obligations, family earnings gap, labor supply, parental leave, return to work
Abstract

Parental leave regulations in most OECD countries have two key policy instruments: job protection and cash benefits. This paper studies how mothers’ return to work behavior and labor market outcomes are affected by alternative mixes of these key policy parameters. Exploiting a series of major parental leave policy changes in Austria, we find that longer cash benefits lead to a significant delay in return to work and that the magnitude of this effect depends on the relative length of job protection and cash benefits. However, despite their impact on time on leave, we do not find a significant effect on mothers’ labor market outcomes in the medium run, neither of benefit duration nor of job-protection duration. To understand the relative importance (and interaction) of the two policy instruments in shaping mothers’ return to work behavior, we set up a non-stationary job search model in which cash benefits and job protection determine decisions of when to return to work and whether or not to return to the pre-birth employer. Despite its lean structure, the model does surprisingly well in matching empirically observed return to work profiles. The simulation of alternative counterfactual regimes shows that a policy that combines both job protection and benefits payments succeeds to induce mothers to spend some time with the child after birth without jeopardizing their medium run labor market attachment.

URLhttp://restud.oxfordjournals.org/content/81/1/219.full.pdf+html
DOI10.1093/restud/rdt028
Citation Key1245
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Adaptability in action: Using personality, interest, and values data to help clients increase their emotional, social, and cognitive career meta-capacities

TitleAdaptability in action: Using personality, interest, and values data to help clients increase their emotional, social, and cognitive career meta-capacities
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsStauffer, SD, Maggiori, C, Froidevaux, A, Rossier, J
EditorCoetzee, M
Book TitlePsycho-social career meta-capacities: Dynamics of contemporary career development
Pagination55-72
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht
ISBN Number978-3-319-00644-4
Abstract

In this chapter, we will apply theoretical constructs to a case study from our consultation service. We aim to highlight, through the exploration of theory and practice, how career counselors can help clients become more adaptable and build their social, emotional, and cognitive meta-capacities through a brief career counseling intervention.

Citation Key1244
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Development and validation of the Transition to Retirement Questionnaire

TitleDevelopment and validation of the Transition to Retirement Questionnaire
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMaggiori, C, Nihil, R, Froidevaux, A, Rossier, J
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Volume22
Issue3
Pagination505-523
Keywordspersonality, resistance to change, retirement, transition to retirement, validation
Abstract

The aim of this study was to present the initial validation of a new questionnaire, the Transition to Retirement Questionnaire (TRQ) and to study its relationship with resistance to change and personality dimensions. Based on Schlossberg’s typology of the retired, the TRQ is designed to assess five dimensions related to personal perceptions of transition to retirement, retirement, and personal plans and activities. The sample consisted of 1,054 professionally active or retired adults from the Swiss French-speaking Canton of Vaud. Exploratory principal components and confirmatory factor analyses highlighted a five-factor solution that fit coherently with Schlossberg’s typology. Moreover, TRQ dimensions were related to resistance to change tendencies and personality dimensions. The TRQ seems to be an interesting tool for use in research but also for interventions with young retirees or people preparing for retirement.

DOI10.1177/1069072713498684
Citation Key1243
Refereed DesignationRefereed

La participation à l’aune de l’approche par les capacités d’Amartya Sen

TitleLa participation à l’aune de l’approche par les capacités d’Amartya Sen
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBonvin, J-M
EditorClaisse, F, Laviolette, C, Reuchamps, M, Ruyters, C
Book TitleLa participation en action
Series TitleMéthodes participatives appliquées / Applied participatory Methods
Pagination41-54
PublisherPeter Lang
Place PublishedBruxelles
ISBN Number978-2-87574-084-7
Citation Key1242

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