History of lifetime smoking, smoking cessation and cognitive function in the elderly population

TitleHistory of lifetime smoking, smoking cessation and cognitive function in the elderly population
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMons, U, Schöttker, B, Müller, H, Kliegel, M, Brenner, H
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Volume28
Number10
Pagination823-831
Keywordscognitive function, elderly, smoking, smoking cessation
Abstract

To examine potential associations of the history of lifetime smoking and smoking cessation with cognitive function in the elderly. In a population-based cohort study of older adults in Saarland, Germany, a detailed lifetime history of smoking was obtained using standardised questionnaires. Cognitive function was assessed with a validated telephone-based instrument (COGTEL) at the five-year follow-up in a subsample of n = 1,697 participants with a baseline age >65 years. Multiple linear regression models were employed to predict cognitive performance, adjusting for potential confounding factors. Ever-smokers with a higher cumulative dose of smoking in pack-years scored lower in the cognitive assessment than never-smokers, with the association being more pronounced in current smokers than in former smokers. In fully adjusted models, current smokers with 21–40 pack-years scored 4.06 points lower (95 % CI −7.18 to −0.94) than never-smokers. In former smokers, a longer time since smoking cessation was associated with higher scores in the cognitive test with reference to current smokers, even after adjustment for pack-years. Former smokers who had quit for more than 30 years scored 4.23 points higher (95 % CI 1.75 to 6.71) than current smokers. Dose–response-relationships of cognitive function with cumulative dose of smoking as well as with time since smoking cessation were substantiated by restricted cubic splines regression. Our results support suggestions that smokers are at an increased risk for cognitive impairment in older age; that the risk increases with duration and intensity of smoking, and subsides with time after smoking cessation.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10654-013-9840-9
DOI10.1007/s10654-013-9840-9
Citation Key1168
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The roads to reproduction: Comparing life-course trajectories in preindustrial Europe

TitleThe roads to reproduction: Comparing life-course trajectories in preindustrial Europe
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDribe, M, Manfredini, M, Oris, M
EditorLundh, C, Kurosu, S
Book TitleSimilarity in difference. Marriage in Europe and Asia 1700-1900
Chapter4
Pagination85-116
PublisherMIT Press
Place PublishedBoston
ISBN Number9780262027946
KeywordsAsia, comparisons, Europe, leaving home, life-course, reproduction
URLhttps://mitpress.mit.edu/books/similarity-difference
Citation Key1167

Sequence analysis and transition to adulthood: An exploration of the access to reproduction in nineteenth-century East Belgium

TitleSequence analysis and transition to adulthood: An exploration of the access to reproduction in nineteenth-century East Belgium
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsOris, M, Ritschard, G
EditorBlanchard, P, Bühlmann, F, Gauthier, J-A
Book TitleAdvances in sequence analysis: Theory, method, applications
Chapter8
Pagination152-167
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedNew York, Heidelberg, Dordrecht, London
ISBN Number978-3-319-04969-4
Keywordslife course, reproduction, sequence analysis, transition to adulthood
Abstract

In the population history of European pre-industrial population, late marriage and high level of final celibacy are seen as the most important components of demographic regimes, avoiding an excessive demographic pressure on scarce resources. While during the last decades the scientific approach emphasized the study of individual life trajectories, life transitions are still often considered isolated from each other. In this paper, we look at marriage from an original perspective, as one event on the road to adulthood, whom the position in a given life course is related with other steps like leaving home, establishing a household, and the access to legitimate reproduction through a first birth. Sequence analysis is definitively the appropriate tool for a holistic and integrative approach of the various roads young men and women could take to enter into adulthood. Working on nineteenth century rural regions in East Belgium, we used TraMineR to reconstruct sequences and identified four clusters both for males and females. To complete this exploratory data-mining with an explanatory point of view, we proceeded to univariate ANOVA-like discrepancy analyses of the life trajectories, and then grew a regression tree for our sequences. Results show high level of complexities in rural, supposedly traditional societies, an exercise of individual agency in tolerant but also influent structures that resulted in a high diversity of personal trajectories and a global respect of the social order.

Citation Key1166

Advances in sequence analysis: Theory, methods, applications

TitleAdvances in sequence analysis: Theory, methods, applications
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2014
Series EditorBlanchard, P, Bühlmann, F, Gauthier, J-A
EditionFirst
Number of Pages304
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedAmsterdam
ISBN Number978-3-319-04968-7
Keywordsbiographical theory, methods, sequence analysis
Abstract

This book gives a general view of sequence analysis, the statistical study of successions of states or events. It includes innovative contributions on life course studies, transitions into and out of employment, contemporaneous and historical careers, and political trajectories. The approach presented in this book is now central to the life-course perspective and the study of social processes more generally. This volume promotes the dialogue between approaches to sequence analysis that developed separately, within traditions contrasted in space and disciplines. It includes the latest developments in sequential concepts, coding, atypical datasets and time patterns, optimal matching and alternative algorithms, survey optimization, and visualization. Field studies include original sequential material related to parenting in 19th-century Belgium, higher education and work in Finland and Italy, family formation before and after German reunification, French Jews persecuted in occupied France, long-term trends in electoral participation, and regime democratization. Overall the book reassesses the classical uses of sequences and it promotes new ways of collecting, formatting, representing and processing them. The introduction provides basic sequential concepts and tools, as well as a history of the method. Chapters are presented in a way that is both accessible to the beginner and informative to the expert.

URLhttp://www.springer.com/social+sciences/book/978-3-319-04968-7
Citation Key1165

"Ça n'a pas de prix". Diversité des modes de rétribution du travail des artisans d'art

Title"Ça n'a pas de prix". Diversité des modes de rétribution du travail des artisans d'art
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBajard, F, Perrenoud, M
JournalSociétés Contemporaines
Volume3
Number91
Pagination93-116
ISSN1150-1944
Abstract

Cet article expose les formes de rétributions non monétaires observées chez des céramistes et autres artisans d’art, dans des espaces du travail indépendant, en marge des mondes de l’art les plus légitimes. La relative précarité économique de ces professionnels s’accompagne d’une quête de bonheur dans le travail qui semble évacuer, du moins en partie, la question du profit marchand. Réduire cette situation à une dénégation de l’économie et à une forme d’illusion vocationnelle paraît impropre à restituer la «double vérité», objective et subjective, du rapport au travail de ces indépendants. En prenant au sérieux le sens que ces enquêtés donnent à leur activité, on montre qu’ils pensent les rétributions du travail dans toute la diversité de leurs formes. Cet article expose ainsi à quelles conditions le revenu pécuniaire s’articule alors avec d’autres types de bénéfices, qu’il s’agisse de la valeur axiologique du travail (travail de belle facture, artifié) ou d’une «qualité de vie» liée aux espaces et aux temps du travail.

URLhttp://www.cairn.info/revue-societes-contemporaines-2013-3-page-93.htm
DOI10.3917/soco.091.0093
Citation Key1062
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Lutter contre les pauvres. Les politiques face à la mendicité dans le canton de Vaud

TitleLutter contre les pauvres. Les politiques face à la mendicité dans le canton de Vaud
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsTabin, J-P, Knüsel, R
Number of Pages152
PublisherEditions d'En Bas
Place PublishedLausanne
ISBN Number978-2-8290-0463-6
Abstract

Comment expliquer que la présence dans les rues de certaines villes de quelques dizaines de personnes qui mendient suscite autant de réactions négatives? D’où vient cette méfiance face à la mendicité? Pourquoi ce sujet est-il à l’agenda politique en Suisse et en Europe? Qui sont les personnes qui mendient à Lausanne? Comment vivent-elles? Ce livre cherche à répondre à ces questions en explorant tout d’abord l’histoire de la pauvreté, de la mendicité et du vagabondage dans nos sociétés. Avec la sécularisation de l’assistance sociale, depuis le Moyen-Âge, l’idée que les personnes qui demandent la charité n’ont pas leur place dans la société s’est progressivement installée. Les auteurs proposent ensuite une analyse de la construction du « problème » de la mendicité par les autorités législatives, judiciaires et administratives en Suisse, et plus particulièrement dans le canton de Vaud. Au regard d’un traitement médiatique souvent caricatural, l’ouvrage présente enfin les résultats d’une enquête de terrain à Lausanne fondée sur des entretiens avec des personnes en contact avec la mendicité et avec ceux et celles qui la pratiquent, ainsi que sur des observations systématiques. En conclusion, selon les auteurs, aucune politique adéquate ne sera possible sans impliquer les personnes qui mendient comme des partenaires et des êtres humains à part entière.

URLhttp://enbas.net/index.php?id=tabin-knusel-ansermet-lutter-contre-les-pauvres
Citation Key1163

Marital quality and family configurations

TitleMarital quality and family configurations
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWidmer, E
EditorMichalos, AC
Book TitleEncyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research
EditionFirst
Pagination3800-3804
PublisherSpringer
Place PublishedDordrecht, Netherlands
URLhttp://www.springerreference.com/docs/html/chapterdbid/416452.html
Citation Key1162
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Les normes d'une famille "juste" dans les interventions des assistants et assistantes sociales de l'aide sociale publique

TitleLes normes d'une famille "juste" dans les interventions des assistants et assistantes sociales de l'aide sociale publique
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsModak, M, Messant, F, Keller, V
JournalNouvelles questions féministes
Volume32
Number2
Pagination57-72
ISSN0248-4951
Abstract

Cet article porte sur la normativité familiale que nous étudions à partir de la fonction économique de la famille. Notre recherche porte sur les interventions des assistantes et assistants sociaux (AS) de l’Aide sociale publique en Suisse romande. Nous analysons les logiques d’action que ces AS mobilisent pour conduire leur intervention dans ce cadre législatif. Les résultats de l’étude montrent que la normativité familiale des AS varie selon le type de problème familial abordé et le parcours professionnel de l’AS, et qu’elle infléchit significativement la division sexuelle du travail au sein du groupe familial.

URLhttp://www.cairn.info/revue-nouvelles-questions-feministes-2013-2-page-57.htm
Citation Key1161
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Bonding and bridging social capital in step- and first-time families and the issue of family boundaries

TitleBonding and bridging social capital in step- and first-time families and the issue of family boundaries
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAeby, G, Widmer, E, De Carlo, I
JournalInterpersona
Volume8
Number1
Pagination51-69
Date Published04/2014
Keywordsfamily boundaries, network, social capital, stepfamilies
Abstract

Divorce and remarriage usually imply a redefinition of family boundaries, with consequences for the production and availability of social capital. This research shows that bonding and bridging social capitals are differentially made available by families. It first hypothesizes that bridging social capital is more likely to be developed in stepfamilies, and bonding social capital in first-time families. Second, the boundaries of family configurations are expected to vary within stepfamilies and within first-time families creating a diversity of family configurations within both structures. Third, in both cases, social capital is expected to depend on the ways in which their family boundaries are set up by individuals by including or excluding ex-partners, new partner's children, siblings, and other family ties. The study is based on a sample of 300 female respondents who have at least one child of their own between 5 and 13 years, 150 from a stepfamily structure and 150 from a first-time family structure. Social capital is empirically operationalized as perceived emotional support in family networks. The results show that individuals in first-time families more often develop bonding social capital and individuals in stepfamilies bridging social capital. In both cases, however, individuals in family configurations based on close blood and conjugal ties more frequently develop bonding social capital, whereas individuals in family configurations based on in-law, stepfamily or friendship ties are more likely to develop bridging social capital.

URLhttp://interpersona.psychopen.eu/article/view/149
DOI10.5964/ijpr.v8i1.149
Citation Key1160
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Trust of second-generation immigrants: Intergenerational transmission or cultural assimilation?

TitleTrust of second-generation immigrants: Intergenerational transmission or cultural assimilation?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMoschion, J, Tabasso, D
JournalIZA Journal of Migration
Volume3
Number10
Pagination1-30
Date Published05/2014
Keywordsculture, migration, trust
Abstract

This paper studies the respective influences of intergenerational transmission and the environment in shaping individual trust. Focusing on second generation immigrants in Australia and the United States, we exploit the variation in the home country and in the host country to separate the effect of cultural transmission from that of the social and economic conditions on individual trust. Our results indicate that trust in the home country contributes to the trust of second generation immigrants in both of the host countries, and marginally more in the United States. Social and economic conditions in the host country also affect individual trust.

URLhttp://www.izajom.com/content/3/1/10
DOI10.1186/2193-9039-3-10
Citation Key1154
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Women’s friendships and gender transformation

TitleWomen’s friendships and gender transformation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBachmann, L
JournalEuropean Journal of Women's Studies
Volume21
Number2
Pagination165-179
Date Published05/2014
Place PublishedLondon
Keywordsdispositional approach, feminism, friendship, gender transformation, women
Abstract

This article explores the ways in which friendships between women may promote gender transformation. I based my study on 25 in-depth interviews with young women in Geneva disposed to gender transformation but not necessarily considering themselves to be “feminist”. My findings, based on a dispositional and contextual analysis, show that female friendships provide women with a place where they find respite from men, become aware of gender relations, take action to further their emancipation and receive support for changes made. Furthermore, this research shows the way in which women are shaped by their friendships (being supported or influenced by them), but also how they shape them actively to model their emerging critical dispositions (selecting them, making use of them or moving away from them). It therefore indicates how women are active in modelling their dispositions within the dynamics of gender relations and other social forces.

DOI10.1177/1350506813515856
Citation Key1153
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Catch me if you can - Configurations of atypical and precarious employment in Switzerland

TitleCatch me if you can - Configurations of atypical and precarious employment in Switzerland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBühlmann, F
JournalEspace, Populations, Sociétés
Volume2013
Issue3
Pagination73-90
Date Published03/2013
Keywordsatypical employment, precarious employment
Abstract

Atypical and precarious employment has become an increasingly important issue in the last 30 years. However, atypical employment includes very heterogeneous forms of work and is difficult to capture empirically. In this paper we propose a configurational approach in order to overcome these difficulties. We conceptualise the labour market as a field and investigate the data of the 2004 sweep of the Swiss Household Panel with a multiple correspondence analysis. We discover four configurations of atypical work and then relate these configurations to possible explanatory factors and possible consequences. Our findings show that in Switzerland only one, very specific configuration of atypical employment leads to social suffering and vulnerability: jobs that combine the absence of biographical prospects, forced flexibility and low wages. Other atypically employed fractions use their specific resources to deploy compensation strategies which render atypical employment socially bearable.

URLhttp://eps.revues.org/5554
DOI10.4000/eps.5554
Citation Key1152
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Multidimensional deprivation in contemporary Switzerland across social groups and time

TitleMultidimensional deprivation in contemporary Switzerland across social groups and time
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLucchini, M, Butti, C, Assi, J, Spini, D, Bernardi, L
JournalSociological Research Online
Volume19
Number1
Pagination1-14
Keywordsmethodology, multidimensional well-being and deprivation, self-organizing-maps, Swiss Household Panel, transition probabilities, vulnerabilty, well-being
Abstract

We have investigated the phenomenon of deprivation in contemporary Switzerland through the adoption of a multidimensional, dynamic approach. By applying Self Organizing Maps (SOM) to a set of 33 non-monetary indicators from the 2009 wave of the Swiss Houshold Panel (SHP), we identified 13 prototypical forms (or clusters) of well-being, financial vulnerability, psycho-physiological fragility and deprivation within a topological dimentional space. Then new data from the previous waves (2003 to 2008) were classified by the SOM model, making it possible to estimate the weight of the different clusters in time and reconstruct the dynamics of stability and mobility of individuals within the map. Looking at the transition probabilities between year t and year t+1, we observed that the paths of mobility which catalyze the largest number of observations are those connecting clusters that are adjacent on the topological space.

URLhttp://ideas.repec.org/a/sro/srosro/2013-36-3.html
DOI10.5153/sro.3260
Citation Key1151
Refereed DesignationRefereed

A capability approach to restructuring processes: Lessons from a Swiss and a French case study

TitleA capability approach to restructuring processes: Lessons from a Swiss and a French case study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBonvin, J-M, Dif-Pradalier, M, Moachon, E
JournalInternational Journal of Manpower
Volume34
Number4
Pagination382-396
Keywordscapabilities, France, labour law, restructuring, Switzerland, trade unions, voice
Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine to what extent and under which conditions restructuring processes allow workers to effectively voice their concerns, with a view to influencing the restructuring logic and transforming its outcomes. Design/methodology/approach – In-depth case studies with semi-structured interviews, documentary analysis and a survey, all conducted at firm-level (taking also into account the impact of the European Workers’ Council when relevant). Findings – Both settings (be it the Swiss flexible labour law and collective labour agreements or the protective professional status enjoyed by the French workers) do not guarantee the enhancement of workers’ capability set in restructuring processes. Whatever the entitlements and the cognitive and political resources available to the workers, two conditions are crucial to enhancing their capability for work and for voice: workers’ ability to re-build collectives; and an adequate regulatory framework imposing on employers and shareholders the duty to negotiate. Originality/value – The paper suggests another way of assessing restructuring processes and outcomes based on the capability approach, and demonstrates its greater relevance compared to economic or managerialist views of restructuring, based on efficiency and profitability.

DOI10.1108/IJM-05-2013-0096
Citation Key1150
Refereed DesignationRefereed

La fabrique du compromis sur le marché du travail suisse. Évolutions et défis actuels

TitleLa fabrique du compromis sur le marché du travail suisse. Évolutions et défis actuels
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBonvin, J-M, Cianferoni, N
JournalNégociations
Volume20
Number2
Pagination59-71
ISSN1780-9231
Keywordscompromis, convention collective, droit du travail, flexibilité, gouvernance des entreprises, négociation intégrative et distributive
Abstract

La régulation du marché du travail suisse se signale par la volonté des divers acteurs en présence de privilégier les solutions de compromis, que ce soit au niveau politique ou à ceux de la branche et de l’entreprise. Dans ce contexte prédomine un type de négociation largement intégratif où chacun des participants au jeu négociatoire trouve un avantage. Les récentes transformations du marché du travail suisse remettent en cause les fondements de ce modèle. La question se pose dès lors de la possibilité même d’une négociation intégrative: ces évolutions qui tendent à accroître les exigences de flexibilité et la pression à la compétitivité ne risquent-elles pas de déboucher sur des formes de négociation distributives, où les gains d’une partie coïncident avec les pertes de l’autre? L’objectif de cet article consiste à apporter des éléments de réponse à cette interrogation. Après avoir présenté le contexte d’émergence et les caractéristiques principales du modèle helvétique de compromis, il met en lumière les défis posés par les évolutions récentes et les illustre au moyen d’une étude de cas portant sur une entreprise de l’industrie des machines.

DOI10.3917/neg.020.0059
Citation Key1149
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Migration and reproduction in an urbanizing context. Family life courses in 19th century Antwerp and Geneva

TitleMigration and reproduction in an urbanizing context. Family life courses in 19th century Antwerp and Geneva
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsSchumacher, R, Matthijs, K, Moreels, S
JournalQuetelet Journal
Volume1
Number1
Pagination19-40
Abstract

This paper investigates the family life course of native and immigrant women in 19th century Antwerp and Geneva, two contexts characterized by rapid population growth, urbanization and immigration. Using data from the COR-sample of Antwerp and from a family reconstitution of Geneva, we analyze individual family life courses in a sequential data perspective. We conceptualize the reproductive life course as a sequence of 4 states: the phase between the entry into reproductive age and marriage (1), the interval between marriage and first birth (2), the period of childbearing (3) and the phase of completed family size (4). The analysis shows an opposition between local immigrants (characterized by long child-bearing periods) and long-distance immigrants (longer periods of completed family size) in Antwerp. In Geneva, natives married at a much younger age than immigrants, which explains why their life course was characterized by a longer period of completed family size.

URLhttp://www.uclouvain.be/437999.html
Citation Key1148
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Access to marriage and reproduction among migrants in Antwerp and Stockholm. A longitudinal approach to processes of social inclusion and exclusion, 1846-1926

TitleAccess to marriage and reproduction among migrants in Antwerp and Stockholm. A longitudinal approach to processes of social inclusion and exclusion, 1846-1926
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPushmann, P, Grönberg, P-O, Schumacher, R, Matthijs, K
JournalThe History of the Family
Volume19
Number1
Pagination29-52
Abstract

A longitudinal approach is used to describe and explain processes of social inclusion and exclusion among different groups of migrants in Antwerp and Stockholm (1846–1926), in terms of access to marriage and reproduction. In this way we want to get a better idea about the factors which facilitated or hampered the social inclusion of migrants upon arrival in two different Western European port cities. The results of the discrete time event history analyses show that social inclusion of migrants was easier in Antwerp and became easier over time, while in Stockholm it was more difficult and became even more complicated over time. This finding might be interpreted as the result of greater societal openness in Antwerp, as the Belgian port-city’s economic success depended largely upon foreigners and international trade. Higher odds for social inclusion in Antwerp might also have been related to differences in the chances of finding an urban niche, which in turn might have been a result of disparities in economic and demographic growth. Most likely it was a combination of differences in the local opportunity structure and the level of societal openness. Furthermore, it was found that region and place of birth, age at arrival, historical time period, and, in the case of Stockholm, gender and social class had an important impact on the chances of successful inclusion.

DOI10.1080/1081602X.2013.796889
Citation Key1147
Refereed DesignationRefereed

Federalism and welfare to work in Switzerland: The development of active social policies in a fragmented welfare state

TitleFederalism and welfare to work in Switzerland: The development of active social policies in a fragmented welfare state
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBonoli, G, Champion, C
JournalPublius: The Journal of Federalism
Volume44
Number2
Pagination1-22
Keywordsactivation, federalism, social policy
Abstract

This article is concerned with the impact that federal structures have on the development of welfare to work or activation policies. More precisely, it argues that the incentives and the risks associated with a division of responsibilities among different jurisdictions may constitute an obstacle to broad reforms that promote labor market participation of nonworking benefit recipients. This argument is illustrated with a case study discussing policy responses to a massive rise in caseloads among social assistance recipients in Switzerland. We conclude that the lack of a fundamental reform was the consequence of the incentives provided by the federal structure of the program. These incentives have both encouraged cost shifting among jurisdictions and discouraged involvement of federal level policy makers in a bigger reform.

URLhttp://publius.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/05/08/publius.pju025.short
DOI10.1093/publius/pju025
Citation Key1141
Refereed DesignationRefereed

The challenge of dual career expatriate management in a specific host national environment: An exploratory study of expatriate and spouse adjustment in Switzerland based MNCs

TitleThe challenge of dual career expatriate management in a specific host national environment: An exploratory study of expatriate and spouse adjustment in Switzerland based MNCs
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsRavasi, C, Salamin, X, Davoine, E
JournalWorking Paper SES
Number447
PublisherUniversité de Fribourg / Universität Freiburg
Keywordscross-cultural adjustment, dual-career couples, expatriation, female expatriates, Switzerland
Abstract

The number of expatriates from global firms has been continuously increasing over the past decades as multinational companies still view expatriation as an important tool for sharing and transferring knowledge, controlling subsidiaries and developing workforce competencies. Expatriate management is still a costly and complex task for multinational companies. Adjustment, which has been defined as an individual's degree of comfort, familiarity and ease with several aspects of a new cultural environment, is considered to play a central role in expatriation success. In a context characterized by the rise of dual career couples, the increasing number of female expatriates and the growing awareness concerning work life balance, private life issues are increasingly important for multinational companies. On the basis of 126 expatriate couples' questionnaires, this paper compares adjustment of male and female expatriates working in multinational companies in a specific host country environment: the Geneva Lake region in Switzerland where many MNCs have settled their European headquarters. Furthermore, our paper investigates the impact of two variables - gender and employment status - on adjustment of expatriate spouses.

URLhttp://doc.rero.ch/record/208749
Citation Key1140

Les top managers internationaux des grandes entreprises suisses: profils et parcours de carrière

TitleLes top managers internationaux des grandes entreprises suisses: profils et parcours de carrière
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsRavasi, C
JournalWorking Paper SES
Number445
PublisherUniversité de Fribourg / Universität Freiburg
Keywordsélites managériales, managers internationaux, parcours de carrières, Suisse
Abstract

Les études sur les carrières de dirigeants ou top managers visent traditionnellement à souligner les influences des cadres institutionnels nationaux sur les parcours de carrières. Plus rares sont les études portant sur les carrières de top managers internationaux. Bien que la figure du manager international ait été l'objet de recherche de plusieurs études issues de disciplines différentes, rares sont les études qui font une analyse détaillée des profils et des parcours de carrières. Dans cet article, nous nous sommes intéressés au cas suisse, pays dont les comités de direction des plus grandes entreprises sont caractérisés par une présence importante de top managers étrangers avec un parcours très international. Nous avons collecté et classé des données de type biographique et des informations sur le parcours de carrière des dirigeants des 110 plus grandes entreprises suisses en 2010 (200 personnes pour 207 fonctions exécutives). Nous les avons mises en perspective historique avec les données suisses de 1980 et 2000 et observé plusieurs résultats : une augmentation du nombre de managers étrangers, de plus en plus de formations en économie et management et la coexistence de profils de managers internationaux très diversifiés.

URLhttp://doc.rero.ch/record/205518
Citation Key1139

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